|How to Dispose of (nearly) Anything|
|Anything of Value||Used Batteries||Clothes||Daily Living Aids||Scrap Metal||Furniture||House Clearance||Lawn Mowings||Surplus Fruit|
|Plastic Plant Pots||Spectacles||Books||Recycling Bottles etc||Jumble Sales||Large Items||Printer Cartridges||Smoke Detectors|
|Skip Hire||Organ Donation||Old Computers||Used Stamps||Old Tools||Mobile Phones||Dead Animals||Plastic Bags||FlyTipping|
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Anything of Value
Take it to an auction such as Littleton Auctions for an assessment and maybe entry into one of their fortnightly sales.
Take them to the collection bins in shops such as Nisa and Budgens in Broadway.
Just under 10% of portable batteries in the UK are recycled.
New regulations which came into force on the 1st February 2010 require recycling levels to rise to 45% of batteries placed on the market by 2016. This equates to over 500 million batteries per year.
The Post Office in Budgens in Broadway collects and sells these for charity.
The nearest collection bin for clothes and shoes is the Salvation Army bin on the Broadway Road, near the Gloucestershire sign.
There are many local charity shops, with the nearest being the three in Broadway. They are Break 64a High Street Tel: 01386 859020, Sue Ryder 2, Kennel Lane, High Street Tel: 01386 853925 and St Richards Hospice 15, The Green Tel: 01386 854686 . Oxfam and the Salvation Army, both in Evesham, take clothes in any condition from new to totally worn out. They sort them for sale, either in an appropriate retail shop, shipping abroad, provision to good UK causes or as a last resort use as industrial wipes, pet bedding or insulation.
Often a plastic bag from a charity is delivered to your house and typically promises that say £75 to £110 for each tonne of collected clothes will go to the charity.
This article claims that the clothes are worth more than this. Maybe its much better to deliver directly to your chosen charity? Here is some more background on this.
(To maximise the profit to a charity, do buy any Christmas cards from the charity shop directly.)
If you pay tax in the UK, do register for Gift Aid with the charity shop.
While on bags, England at last caught up with the rest of the UK on October 5th 2015 with retailers charging 5p per plastic bag. Small shops will be exempt but hopefully many will still charge.
Daily Living Aids
Items such as crutches, wheelchairs, rollators, walking frames and smaller items can be donated to any Hospital or Hospice rather than being discarded.
Ferrous or Non Ferrous metal
Non ferrous metal in particular can be surprisingly valuable. Take it to R & C Metals ( Recycling) on the road to Honeybourne. It will help to have proof of identity, know where the scrap came from and you will be paid by cheque. They also take cars and car batteries for scrapping. Gas cookers are heavy and have some scrap value.
Its usually worth your while to take small ferrous items the short distance there rather than incur the expense of driving to the nearest council tip!
You can sell better quality furniture at the auction - see above. The Sue Ryder Charity shop and St Richard's Hospice shop in Evesham both take furniture as well as other household items including large and small electrical goods. If you are a UK tax payer, then do register with your chosen charity shop(s) and they can reclaim the tax back to increase their revenue from your items by 25%.
St Richard's will also take bicycles. Roundabout in Evesham ( Tel:01386 83 30 30 ) will collect furniture from you for delivery to those in need.
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If you need a house cleared for any reason then St Richard's Hospice offers a service to do this.
Garden Cuttings and Lawn Mowings
Either compost them in a heap in the corner of your garden or sign up to the council's garden waste service at £30 per year. You can put the following items into your garden waste bin :-
Grass cuttings Leaves, bark and tree prunings
Twigs and small branches up to 5cm (2in) across Tree stumps up to 10cm (4in) across
Bedding from herbivore pets (rabbits and guinea pigs etc)
Cut flowers Plants and weeds Windfalls from your garden trees
Vegetable waste from the garden (e.g. potato tops)
Real Christmas trees (cut into 2-3ft sections to fit in your bin and please remove decorations!)
Kitchen roll Tissues Cold wood ash Food waste
After Christmas you can also take any real Christmas trees to be shredded and composted at Batsford Garden Centre, Moreton-in-Marsh, GL56 9QB from Tuesday 2nd January until Sunday 14th January 2018.
To efficiently compost at home, divide your compostable material into greens and browns. Examples of greens are fruit and vegetable peelings, apple cores, teabags, coffee grounds, grass cuttings and old flowers. Browns are dry hedge trimmings, twigs, torn up cardboard and paper, paper mache egg boxes, egg shells, tissues, paper tubes, shredded paper, straw and hay. The ideal mix is roughly 50:50 of each by volume. Pile into a heap on garden soil, ideally greater than one cubic metre in volume. Cover and keep damp. Turn occasionally to mix well rotted with new. Wait for six months according to the weather.
Because of its history there are many, many fruit trees in the area. Apples, pears, plums and cherries are the commonest. Of course you can eat them fresh but faced with a glut, try making jams, chutney, pickling, cooking & then freezing, storing individually wrapped in a cool place and drying. You can also ferment them to make alcoholic drinks. Maybe you can find someone who keeps chickens, horses or cattle which would like them.
Plastic Plant Pots
The Garden Centre at Batsford Arboretum collects then for subsequent recycling.
Greys Opticians in Chipping Campden High Street will take any unwanted glasses.
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Hidcote National Trust Garden has a secondhand book shop so any unwanted books you may have would be most welcome. Books can be easily handed in at the garden reception office in the car park.
Another possibility is to take them to any of the charity shops in the area.
Some examples of other items to take to charity shops - and there is a wide choice of them locally.
CDs, bric-a-brac, unbroken china, clothes, shoes, used computer printer cartridges - both inkjet and laser, tapes, hand tools, mobile phones, toys and vinyl records. Some charity shops, eg Oxfam take foreign coins and stamps.
What would encourage you to recycle more?
How often would you like your recycling to be collected?
These are just some of the questions in a survey that Cotswold District Council launched to gather views about the sort of waste/recycling service that is the best fit for the District and also the County as a whole. Our service provider Ubico Ltd needs to replace its existing fleet of kerbside collection vehicles during 2019 as the current ones will be at the end of their service life. Improvements in technology should mean that the new vehicles will offer smarter and more efficient ways of collecting recycling and the council are seeking the views of residents to help maximise the benefits of these advances.
Cllr Sue Coakley, CDC Cabinet Member for Environment, is delighted with the response rate:
“It's great that almost 1300 residents found time to complete the survey. This shows the importance they attach to improving our kerbside waste and recycling services in line with the needs of users across the District. The customer feedback about the current kerbside service and suggestions for improvement will be of immense value in devising new ways to deliver the service. The overall aim is to reduce the amount of residual waste and increase recycling, and this will also help us keep down the cost of Council tax.
“Our service provider Ubico Ltd needs to replace its existing fleet of kerbside collection vehicles during 2019 as the current ones will be at the end of their service life. Improvements in technology should mean that the new vehicles will offer smarter and more efficient ways of collecting recycling, and the comments we have collected from residents will help us maximise the benefits of these advances.”
With the continued housing growth across the District, CDC is also reviewing collection rounds so that the new vehicles can be used as efficiently as possible. This could involve changes to some collection days as part of the introduction of the new service.
Cllr Coakley explains further:
“There have been significant changes to the distribution of housing in some parts of the District over the last decade. We altered several rounds in 2016 to accommodate those changes and the optimisation exercise went very smoothly, thanks to the support of residents. The distribution of recently built and planned housing continues to affect the make-up of waste and recycling collection rounds and we believe there is scope for further route alterations to increase efficiency. It is probable that this will result in changes to some collection days. When this occurs, we will again ensure that everyone is fully informed and understands the new collection arrangements.”
Glass Bottles and Jars, Cans, Tins, Plastic Bottles, Paper and Cardboard
These are collected by the council in various recycling boxes and sacks. Find your day to put out your bins. From Monday 19th September 2016 our bin collection day in Willersey is Monday.
Changes ahead for Gloucestershire Recycling Centres.
To reflect the 25% reduction in custom throughout the winter months, the five Household Recycling Centres (HRCs) in Gloucestershire will be reducing their opening hours as of October 28th. As the evenings get colder and darker, the HRCs across the county receive less waste and recycling; by almost 30%. To reflect this and save taxpayers money, seasonal opening times are being introduced. When the clocks go back an hour, HRCs will be open from 10am until 4pm. Each centre will also be closing for one day a week. When summer returns in 2019, HRCs will open an hour earlier at 9am and close an hour later at 5pm. Each site will still close one day a week. A great deal of consideration has been given to seasonal and daily site usage patterns at each of the centres. These changes are not only reflective of when they are used, they are also supporting a reduction in the budget for this service and making sure the council is living within its means.
Cllr Nigel Moor, cabinet member responsible for household recycling centres at Gloucestershire County Council, said:
“A lot of research, monitoring and consideration went into this decision; this solution will not only allow the council to make savings, but it also means our HRCs are open when the public need them to be.
“Recycling is very much a council priority and we are committed to reaching our target of 60% recycling by 2020. These changes aren't coming into affect until the end of October. More information can be found on our Recycle for Gloucestershire website.”
Midweek closure days announced for Gloucestershire recycling centres.
From 28th October Gloucestershire County Council Household Recycling Centres (HRCs) will be closed one day mid-week, either on a Tuesday, a Wednesday or a Thursday. As the evenings get colder and darker, the HRCs across the county receive almost 30% less waste and recycling. In order to reflect this and save taxpayers money, HRCs will be open from 10am until 4pm, six days a week. On Tuesdays, Fosse Cross (Cirencester) and Oak Quarry (Coleford) will be closed. On Wednesdays, Pyke Quarry (Horsley near Stroud) and Wingmoor Farm (Bishops Cleeve) will be closed. On Thursdays, Hempsted (Gloucester) will be closed. Gloucestershire County Council has collected data from recycling centres and this told us that midweek is the quieter period at our sites. This closure rota also means HRCs in the county will still be open on Bank Holiday Mondays and Good Friday, which are especially busy periods at the sites. Cllr Nigel Moor, cabinet member responsible for household recycling centres at Gloucestershire County Council, said: “I would like to reassure residents that we have considered a wide range of options. We need to make sure tax payers' money is spent wisely, while making sure our HRCs are open when people need them. “We have made sure residents will have a reasonable alternative recycling centre with this closure pattern, by closing sites at opposite sides of the county. We will be monitoring the new opening arrangements and how the sites are used.” More information on the closure days, new seasonal times and your nearest alternative site can be found online at www.recycleforgloucestershire.gov.uk.
Cotswold District Council is launching a five simple steps campaign which asks residents to pre-sort their recyclables before they present them for collection at the kerbside.
At the moment, residents tend to use: a black box for all used paper, magazines, glass items, cans/tins; a white sack for mixed plastic bottles, pots, tubs & trays; and a blue sack for cardboard. However, the Council is now encouraging people to keep paper and magazines separate from glass items - either within the confines of one black box (if they only have only room for one) or by acquiring a second black box at no cost. To make life easier, residents can now place tins/cans and aerosols into their white sacks with plastics as these can now be separated at the recycling plant.
The five simple steps are as follows:
Step 1 – Use one black recycling box for paper and magazines. (If you only have room for one box - put the papers at one end and the glass at the other).
Step 2 – Use a second black recycling box for all glass bottles and jars - no broken glass please. (Order a second box if you need one).
Step 3 - Use the white recycling sack for tins/cans, aerosols, plastic bottles, food trays, yoghurt pots and other types of mixed rigid plastics.
Step 4 – Use the blue recycling sack for corrugated (brown coloured) cardboard or light (grey coloured) card.
Step 5 – Use the green caddy for food waste.
Cllr Sue Coakley, CDC Cabinet Member for the Environment, explains the benefits of additional pre-sorting:
“We are delighted that so many people across the District are keen recyclers and we want to make sure that all the materials they present can be recycled. This now means that we need their help to do a little more pre-sorting before the items are collected. Keeping the glass and paper separate means that both materials can be recycled more easily. The five simple steps also help to speed up collections, cutting down on disruption to traffic flows caused by Ubico vehicles.
“The Council will be happy to supply a free extra black box on request. I hope that being able to recycle tins and plastics together will make life easier for residents, but I would ask that they “wash and squash“ the items first to make the most of the capacity of the white sack and also to keep it clean.”
To request an extra black box please contact the CDC Waste Team, email us at firstname.lastname@example.org or phone 01285 623123.
You can now recycle plastic-lined paper cups thanks to an initiative by the Alliance for Beverage Cartons and the Environment (ACE UK), in partnership with Cotswold District Council and Gloucestershire’s Joint Waste Team. This is only really useful for Willersey at present if you happen to be in Stow-on-the-Wold! Plastic-lined cups - the sort commonly supplied by coffee shops, fast food outlets and petrol stations can now be recycled by depositing them in any of the food and drink carton recycling banks within the district - see below. Ideally drink from re-usable cups where possible – and it is good to see that most coffee shops are more than willing to fill a reusable cup if brought into the shop. People in Britain are currently responsible for binning 25,000 tonnes of beverage cups every year.
Carton banks in Cotswold District are located at:
· Andoversford – Village Hall
· Bourton-on-the-Water (Rissington Road Car Park);
· Cirencester – Waterloo Car Park
· Fairford – Hatherop Road
· Stow-on-the-Wold – Maugersbury Road Car Park
You can also take bottles etc to the bins in Childswickham Road, Broadway (see picture above) but curiously you can recycle everything there except plastic bottles!
You can now recycle coffee pods and water filters at the same site.
You can take any glass jam jars to Dorothy Hart 840869 at Chipping Campden lower town hall for reuse any Friday between 9:00 and 11:00 am.
Flatten cardboard and paper and please remove any internal plastic and external plastic wrappers. Black plastic food trays are not too welcome as the automatic sorting machines cannot see them. The council will not collect extra refuse from you but it will usually collect extra recycling. There are also bins for bottles, cans and paper at Weston sub Edge village Hall.
This is the comprehensive list of Wychavon recycling banks.
Waste plastic accumulating in the oceans has a devastating effect on wildlife. Here is one possible solution.
If you buy a plastic bottle of water, do refill it from the tap multiple times before you discard it. Each family uses an average of 440 bottles a year. Each bottle takes 7 litres of water to make. In the UK we use a staggering 38.5 million single-use plastic bottles and a further 58 million cans every day! Only half of these are recycled, so it's no surprise that many of these end up on our beaches and in our oceans. Plastic bottles take 450 years to break down, killing marine life, harming the coastal ecosystem and ruining our beaches. Placing a small deposit on plastic bottles and cans would dramatically increase recycling and reduce marine plastic pollution. For full information on deposit return systems please visit Surfers Against Sewage's Message in A Bottle campaign site. The UK lags behind many other countries. The UK may have a bottle charge soon.
England has at last caught up with the rest of the UK from October 5th 2015 by charging 5p for one trip bags. Rather then making this simple, the legislation is unnecessarily complicated and confusing.
Under the government's new rule-book shoppers are not charged for plastic bags which are used for uncooked fish, uncooked meat and poultry, takeaways, loose seeds and flowers, unwrapped blades (including axes, knives, and razor blades), prescription medicine and goldfish.
The rules also list a series of bags which should not incur a 5p charge, including woven plastic bags, paper bags, re-usable bags-for-life and bags used by service providers such as dry cleaning or shoe repair shops. Under the new rules a bag can contain multiple items from this list and not incur a charge but if the bag contains any other items then it must be charged. Here are some of the official rules. (Is the government really trying to reduce red tape?)
Demand for plastic bags has dropped dramatically. Do reuse any of your bags you do buy. At the checkout bags cost 5p, are convenient, easy to dispose of and then someone else's problem. In the world, they use oil to make, take decades or longer to decompose, are poisonous if burnt without precautions, are a wildlife hazard and are everyone's problem. Had Henry VIII used a plastic bag it could still be around today!
An even more troublesome form of plastic pollution are microbeads found in mostly cosmetic products. They are not trapped by filters at the works and end up in the oceans where they enter the foodchain and come back to us when we consume fish. Longterm they will severely reduce the health of the oceans (and maybe ours). Does the product you use use contain microbeads?
Because of plastic pollution in the oceans, both the one-use coffee cups used in coffee shops, and cotton swabs are in line for a redesign to eliminate their plastic components. Drinking straws are now plastic. It replaced paper in the 1960s. Do recycle all your plastics if possible. If not, make certain it goes in your waste bin. Ultimately all plastic (except perhaps PVC ) should be burnt for total disposal - most is made from oil so it burns well with good heat to produce water and carbon dioxide.
Every year eight million tonnes of plastic are being poured into our oceans. It affects over 600 different species of sealife with at least 1 million seabirds dying each year. By 2050 its estimated if current trends continue, there will be more plastic in the ocean than fish. Plastic was originally welcomed as being stable and indestructable but that is its problem!
Donating to any local jumble sale is a useful way of supporting local organisations.
You can take these to the Wychavon household recycling centre
but do note that it is over 12 miles away so maybe its good to accumulate enough items before making the journey.
Larger trailers over 1.3m internal size will require a permit and you are limited to 12 trips a year.
They accept the following items - but see their website:-
The nearest Gloucestershire household recycling centre is 25 miles away at Fosse Cross.
Here is a list of what you can recycle there:-
Curiously they take used cooking oil whereas the Wychavon one does not!
Trailers must be under 4ft by 6ft in size. (Wychavon is metric, Gloucestershire imperial!)
No Car parts are accepted, except batteries and up to four tyres.
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Gloucestershire Household Recycling Centres also accept items for reuse, as well as recycling.
Currently it is piloting a reuse shop and invites members of the public to visit it during opening hours.
Every site also collects bikes for the Gloucestershire Bike Project which is a not for profit social enterprise.
It has a continually changing stock of adults and children's bikes, which are offered for sale at its Barton Street workshop. Tel: 01452 690797.
If you pay £14 then bulky household waste can be collected. Here is the official list of Cotswold Recycling Centres.
Some charity shops take them.
Ideally remove the batteries and recycle as above. Remove the top plastic cover and recycle with your other plastics. Take the rest of the smoke detector to the shop where you purchased it. If they will not accept it, just put it in your usual waste. It is not illegal to throw your smoke detector in the waste but it is just better for the environment if you don't. A common misunderstanding is that the crossed-out wheelie bin on the back of the alarm means that they must not be placed in a normal waste bin. This symbol just means that the alarm falls under the WEEE regulations.
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Should you need one, the local Skip hire company is Budget Skips.
Unwanted Computer Equipment
If your unwanted computer is complete, Pentium 4 or better then contact Chris Tombs on 01386 840406 to send it to Schools in Africa.
You can also try the charity shops as well as EcoIt which is a good starting point for this.
Which? has a comprehensive guide. Before parting with your old computer make certain you completely delete your data (or trust the recipient to do it for you). This now also applies to some smart phones.
Unwanted Mobile Phones
Register with Recycle for Charity. They also take used ink cartridges.
The RNLI lifeboats will find a good home for old tools and the money raised will add to their funds. Contact Sue White on 01386 841987. Workaid collects and refurbishes old tools (and hand sewing machines) in any condition. These are then sent to vocational training projects in poor communities around the world. Don't bin those tools no matter what their condition; let them have a new life.
These of course can be any size from a mouse to a horse.
Animals which are normally domestic pets can be buried in your garden but for others, different rules apply.
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Fly tipping is totally unnecessary as the rest of this page demonstrates. In 2014 there were 852,000 reported flytipping incidents in the UK. This is an increase of 140,000 incidents over 2013. At a conservative £80 to clean up each one, this is a clean up cost of £4,000,000 this year. This is money that could more usefully be spent elsewhere. By 2016 this had risen to 936,090 reported cases on public land. There were more on private land which is the land owner's responsibility. As well as being unsightly, it also costs time and (essentially your) money to clean up but can carry large fines. Fly tipping pollutes our countryside, looks totally unsightly and threatens wildlife. Fly-tipped rubbish attracts more tipped rubbish. Flytipping and the law and other useful information. Cotswold District Council does prosecute fly tippers. Do report fly tipping here or on this free telephone number - 0800 807060 and here is the link for Wychavon.
As councils are charging more to accept waste more is being dumped in the countryside.
10th October 2018. A Gloucester resident was fined at Cheltenham Magistrates Court on 8th October after pleading guilty to dumping waste in a field in the Cotswolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (near Kingscote) while masquerading as a registered waste contractor. Cotswold District Council officials learned that he collected the waste from a Tetbury resident who had engaged his services through Facebook. When first questioned, he lied to evade prosecution but changed his plea to guilty when confronted by the evidence. Due to his poor financial circumstances he was fined only £150 when he appeared at the Magistrates Court, but the Council was awarded a contribution of £400 towards legal costs and he was also ordered to pay a victim surcharge of £30, bringing the overall total to £580.
Cllr Sue Coakley, Cabinet Member for Environment at CDC, comments:
“I hope that his prosecution sends out a message to other rogue waste collectors who attempt to flout the law in this way.
“Facebook is a very useful resource but it does have its limitations, and I must stress that anyone who engages a third party to remove waste must check that they have a valid licence before they undertake the work. A lot of people do not realise that they can be prosecuted for failing to exercise this duty of care should the third party subsequently commit a fly tipping offence.
“There are good arrangements in place for everyone to dispose of their waste legally so there is absolutely no excuse for fly tipping. The magistrate noted that fly tippers are killing the countryside, and we will continue to use every means at our disposal to reduce the number of incidents in the Cotswolds. We are always grateful for tip-offs from the public who can call us directly on 01285 623123 to report any suspicious activity.”
Recycling Tips (Clean, Dry and Loose)
Please take magazines out of their plastic wrappers. Just wash out steel and aluminium drink and food cans briefly - (No need to put them in the dishwasher!)
No aluminium foil in recycling - its not the same specification aluminium as in drinks cans.
Take the tops off plastic bottles as the bottles can explode in the sorting machinery.
No shredded paper - it clogs up the sorting equipment. Its ok in dedicated paper bins. No Polystyrene - too light to transport.
No plastic bags - they clog up the machinery.
Our oceans are awash with throwaway plastic packaging. Studies show that up to 90% of seabirds now have plastic in their stomachs. We need to act urgently to stop plastic getting into our oceans. Coca cola, the world's largest soft drinks company produces over 110 billion single-use plastic bottles a year. As one of the world's biggest brands, Coke has the power to change how its industry operates. We need Coke to phase out single-use plastic bottles and invest in new alternatives (Glass bottles with a deposit say?) Spoof Coke advertisement.
No stones or brick rubble in your refuse bin - they do not burn. Most refuse goes for incineration.
Please put Christmas wrap with your refuse - it is usually made of plastic film, foil or heavily printed low gradepaper along with sticky tape. Ideally use alternatives such as brown paper, ribbons or decorative paper bags or cardboard boxes which can be used again and are easy to recycle.
The council provides a separate bin for waste food or it can go into your garden waste bin if you have one.
Supposedly recyclable paper coffee cups are not recyclable.
To reduce junk mail, every two years you have to telephone 0845 7034599 or write to Free Post rrbt-zbxb=ttts, Kingsmead House, Oxpen Road, Oxford OX1 1RX. This may help.
To reduce unwanted Charity hassle sign up here.
Call 0345 070 0707 to opt out of unsolicited sales calls and BT offer 0800 328 1572 free to its customers.
Vagely related to recycling! Do consider signing up to the NHS Organ Donor Register. There is almost always a greater demand than availability.
This may seem bizarre but you can register if pregnant to donate umbilical cord blood which is rich in stem cells to help say leukaemia patients.
Buddhism teaches that as soon as we obtain any material object, it has already started to deteriorate. Don't worship them however as they have a limited life. Dependence on material ojects is unstable. Aim to own an object, not have the object own you. ( Confidence from within will always be stronger than confidence based on external objects. )
Otto Diederich Lutken, clergyman and economist (lived 1719–1790):
“Since the circumference of the globe is given and does not expand with the increased number of its inhabitants, and as travel to other planets thought to be inhabitable has not yet been invented; since the Earth's fertility cannot be extended beyond a given point, and since human nature will presumably remain unchanged, so that a given number will hereafter require the same quantity of the fruits of the Earth for their support now, and as their rations cannot be arbitrarily reduced, it follows that the proposition “that the world's inhabitants will be happier, the greater the number” cannot be maintained, for as soon as the number exceeds that which our planet with all its wealth of land and water can support, they must needs starve one another out, not to mention other necessarily attendant inconveniences, to wit, a lack of the other comforts of life, wool, flax, timber, fuel, and so on. But the wise Creator who commanded men in the beginning to be fruitful and multiply, did not intend, since He set limits to their habitants and sustenance, that multiplication should continue without limit.”
The more humans there are, the less of the earth's resources are available per person (and the more other forms of life are squeezed out). Conflict will eventually occur and hasten the arrival of the symbolic Four Horsemen of the Apolcalypse. Lack of food will lead to famines, weakened people and poorer environments. This in turn will lead to pestilence and conflict over resources and hasten wars. Death of large numbers of people will follow. The earth will survive but humanity will suffer a painful setback.
The more of us there are, the harder it is to provide more food, shelter and other services. The harder it also becomes to dispose of all our used materials.
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