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Willersey Village Life Stories and Obituaries

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     Flight Lieutenant Anthony Kayll Jean Audrey Hands Cameron Canon Anthony Harvey John Henry Porter Wilkins Maurice Andrews Flight Sergeant Edgar William Proctor Squadron Leader Henry Eric Maudslay DFC     
     Judy Munt David Hammond Harry Sadler Mrs Jean Moore Murray Davey Nancy Hewins Harry Andrews     
     Joan Leek Joan Holmes Gloria Thompson Angelo Hensley Algernon Gissing Collett Family Rimell Family     
     Philip Ord Caroline Mortimer Helen Rhoden Mary (Molly) Biggs      Cotterell Family          
     Gene Kelly      Freda King      Sir George Pinker      Hannah Elizabeth Smith     

     Philip James Gould A Mary Heath James Sollis      Richard Flavel Abbot John de

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Philip Ord, 17th May 1933 - 15th August 2022

2022 saw the loss of Philip Ord, a committed servant of our Parish. ‘A gentle soul but rebellious in all the right ways.’
Philip Ord died peacefully at home in August 2022 after a long illness. His funeral was held on September 2nd at St Peter's Church byWillersey, where the Rev Craig Bishop officiated, and Richard Lewis played the organ on a lovely late summers autumn day

Philip was born in Wallsend on Tyne and went from Dame Allen's Grammar School, Newcastle to read History at Kings College in the University of Durham where he also trained as a teacher. After National Service in the RAF, he then joined the RAF on a three year commission. He met his wife, Myra, in the summer before they both went to Durham university.

He moved to Willersey in 1964 with his wife Myra, and his daughters Caroline and Lucy. He lived in Collin Close for the next 58 years. He was a committed supporter of the Comprehensive system of education. Philip taught history and was Head of History at Chipping Campden as it changed from Grammar to Comprehensive, becoming Deputy Head. He then moved to Tewkesbury Sschool as deputy head in the 1970's. He was respected by his pupils as an excellent teacher who set high standards and demanded excellence but offered gentle support and encouragement.

Sadly, Myra died in her fifties but Philip managed this loss and sadness with fortitude. He met his second wife, Jenny, whilst teaching at Prince Henry's and they married in 1998. Philip was very much involved in the life of the village. He was Clerk to the Parish Council for 16 years, and was passionate about protecting Willersey village life. He worked closely with Maurice Andrews, the chair of the parish council and was instrumental in nominating Maurice for his MBE.

He served as Chairman of the Governors (and occasional Father Christmas) for Willersey Primary School, and he also served on the Parochial Church Council. Some parishioners will remember him dressed up as a gargoyle to supervise a ball-throwing stall, whilst standing in the duck pond!

As part of the wider community, he volunteered at Hidcote, served at the Chipping Campden Historical History Society , and was a member of the Campden festival chorus choir. He was a regular visitor to the RSC and to the Three Choirs festival. Philip was optimistic, rebellious, and at times contrary but was always prepared to take a stand for what he felt was right. He wanted to pursue change for the better. He felt things deeply but he and always supported the under-dog.

He died peacefully at his home in August 2022, after a long illness. His funeral service in St Peter's Church was well-attended. He is sadly missed by his family and remembered with great love.

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Joan Holmes - 2021

Many of you will have very fond memories of John and Joan Holmes who, for 13 years, spent part of the year here in Willersey living at The Nook on Main Street. The rest of the year they spent at their beautiful waterside home in Sydney, Australia or travelling extensively all over the world.

Joan was born in Birmingham but emigrated to Australia with her “£10 Poms” parents and her sister in the 1950s. There she met and married John and had a family. Together they became very successful business owners. In later years Joan always wanted to spend some time each year in the UK hence they found The Nook as that perfect bolt-hole.

We were very fortunate indeed to get to know them well and shared, with others, their magnificent hospitality, generosity and big friendship. We enjoyed much fun, laughter and trips out. We even taught Joan to enjoy old motor cars, something that John needed no encouragement to do. For a while Joan also chaired The Wednesday Club here in the village.

Having spent a short time living near Folkestone they decided to retire permanently to Sydney and we said a very sad farewell here in Willersey just a few weeks ago. Such a short time after their return Joan suffered massive heart failure and died suddenly early in March. It is so fortunate that they were back home as John now has the support of his family all around him.

Thank you John and Joan for your friendship. God bless you Joan.
With love,
Peter and Andrea Kimberley

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Gene Kelly 1928 - 2020

Mr Gene Kelly

Gene Kelly, born June 26th 1928; died January 2nd 2020

Eulogy for Eugene Frederick Kelly - Gene

Diana Kelly writes, Gene Kelly was born in Minworth 91 years ago. He left school at 14 and his mother got him a job as a trainee carpenter at the Birmingham (now Severn Trent) Draining Board. The Board had immaculate hedges and gardens and a pony and trap - perfect for a 14-year old to drive and later to jump the pony over the hedges!

Gene was spotted by a friend of his father - a racing man - who got him an interview with Joe Lawson, Master of Manton. He was taken on as an apprentice at 2 bob a week and 10 bob at Christmas, with one visit home a year. Whilst there, one of the horses he rode was Archive, who never won a race but was sire of Arkle. They boys had to attend chapel each Sunday and were given sixpence each to put in the collection. A new cockney lad thought this a way to make money and so only put tuppence in the collection - he was grabbed at the chapel door on the way out for the rest of the money.

In 1943-44, the American forces were stationed at Aldbourne. Their Jeeps were dropped by parachute and onto the gallops, a scene repeated in the film ‘Band of Brothers’. Gene did his National Service in the Royal Tank Regiment and served in Egypt. Most of his superior officers were racing men and, as most young jockeys boxed, Gene was well fed and boxed for his regiment, winning many Middle East championships as fly and bantam weight.

When Gene finished his National Service, he had to resurrect his career after two-years not riding. He was offered a job with George Owen but in those days, claiming jockeys were expected to give the master half their fee, which was £5, later to be £7 a ride. Gene had had enough of poor pay and so moved to Bristol to Charlie Cooper and started jumping.

In 1956, Gene got a job at a racing yard in Snowshill, now long gone to lavender fields. Whilst there, he met Diana. They married 63-years ago and had Mark and Adam. It was during this time that Gene's racing career really took off. He had good rides on Impney, Sword Flash, Cameron s Kid and many other good horses.

Gene was later asked to ride Gay Record, the Queen Mother's horse, who did nothing whilst with Peter Cazalet but had a much nicer life with Jack O Donoghue. Gene rode him about 12-14 times, and I don't think they were out of the first 3. Gene met Her Majesty the Queen when she went racing with her mother and we went to a wonderful party to celebrate her 100th winner - Gay Record. Gene danced with her that night. It was wonderful. We went to Buckingham Palace and to St James's Palace and several parties, including lunch at Ascot for the Queen Mother's 400th winner, attended by the Queen mother, the Queen and Princess Margaret.

Gene broke his back recovered and rode again. Then he broke his back again and that, sadly, was the end of his racing career. Gene worked for an Irish company making a horse feeding supplement and went to America and the United Arab Emirates at the invitation of the sheiks - and had a wonderful time with the camels!

Gene retired when he was 66-years old and worked with Adam and the sheep. At 3.45am on 12 September 2015, Gene had a massive stroke that left him paralysed and unable to feed himself. He had wonderful support from the Injured Jockeys Fund, who gave him the racing channels, which he watched most days. Hazel and Marie visited and gave wonderful support to both of us. Lovely friends, Jenny and Brian, visited every week and Scott, our Rector came regularly to give us both Holy Communion.

Thank you to you all for coming to say goodbye.

Gene Kelly and sheep

Eugene Kelly (always known as Gene) should have ridden Ayala when it stormed home to win the 1963 Grand National: instead, he was pulling up Holm Star in the same race. Gene had been asked by trainer Keith Piggott to ride the 66/1 outsider, but the nine-year-old developed a leg problem, and was not a certain runner.

Then Gene was approached by trainer Earl Jones who wanted him to ride Holm Star. Gene told him that he was hoping to ride Ayala. Earl Jones was having none of it and gave Gene %100. Ayala's leg problem suddenly righted itself and the horse was fit to run. Gene told Keith Piggott that he could no longer take the ride: Piggott asked him to find a jockey who could. Having been turned down by Joe Guest and Owen McNally, Gene came across Pat Buckley, whose only previous assault on the race had resulted in a first fence fall. Pat agreed to take the mount, and the rest, as they say, is history.

Gene Kelly was born on June 26th, 1928, in Minworth, Sutton Coldfield. His first job was as errand boy to Birmingham Draining Board where his father worked. What attracted him to a life of racing is not known - there were no obvious influences from his own family - yet, as war ended, he took up an apprenticeship with Joe Lawson, the Manton trainer. He did his National Service in Egypt. Many a young jockey enjoys a scrap; Gene was no exception and, while abroad, he won the United Services flyweight and bantamweight championships.

Riding under the name of E. F. Kelly, he first appeared on the racecards on Friday 6th April, 1951, when partnering Paris New York in the Coronation Hurdle Race at Liverpool. He would have to wait some three years for his first winner - Star of April, at Worcester on 16th October, 1954.

Gene had no luck in the National. Before allowing Ayala to slip through his fingers, he'd had his first ride in 1956 on the delicate Polonius. Horse and rider were brought to a standstill on the second circuit. It had been a chance ride. Colin Hailstone, the owner's son, usually rode him, but was laid up with pneumonia having previously rescued a young calf from an icy pond. Not only did Gene ride for the Queen Mother...not only did he get to meet her but - the highlight of his career - he got to dance with her as well.

One of her most prolific winners was Gay Record. It was stabled with trainer Jack O'Donoghue at Reigate. Gene often rode for Jack, and became the regular rider of Gay Record, winning five out of twenty-four. The horse became the Queen Mother's 100th winner when first past the post at Folkestone on 20th October, 1964. Unfortunately, Gene wasn't in the saddle, having broken ribs and vertebrae a week earlier at Worcester. He was just about well enough to attend the party held at the Savoy to celebrate her special win, and it was here that the two danced together.

Although he eventually recovered from his Worcester fall, he was warned by his specialist that another fall might have serious consequences. Ignoring this sound advice, Gene returned to the saddle. At Chepstow in February, 1965, the inevitable happened. Gene came off a horse called Yvan ll, and his career was over.

He found alternative employment as a Sales Manager and also ran a saddlery. When he finally retired, Gene and his wife, Diana, moved to Willersey where they began breeding sheep.

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Caroline Mortimer March 12th 1942 - September 20th 2020

Caroline Mortimer

My sister-in-law Caroline Mortimer who has died aged 78, acted in many television series from the early 1960s onwards, including six episodes of The Pallisers (1974), as Alice Vavasour, and all 13 episodes of Kids (1979), as the main character, Pat Langley. She also had parts in well-known series such as The Saint (1968), Crown Court (1976) and Shelley (1982). Her film credits included The Hireling (1973) and Juggernaut (1974).

Born in Willersey at the Rectory, Carrie was the daughter of Penelope (nee Fletcher), a novelist, and Charles Dimont, a journalist for the Reuters news agency. Her grandfather Arthur was the vicar in Willersey at that time.. After her parents divorced in 1947, when she was seven, her mother married the barrister and author John Mortimer, and the new large extended family, which eventually consisted of her elder sister, Madelon, her younger siblings Julia, Deborah & Sally and a half-brother Jeremy settled in London.

Carrie went to St Mary's Town and Country school in Belsize Park, north London, and at 16 began training as an actor at Rada. She made her television debut in 1963 as Lucy Carrington in The Outcasts, in the ITV Playhouse series.

At 19 she met the actor Leslie Phillips, and they lived together for 10 years before she married another actor, John Bennett, in 1978. They had two sons, Jake and Sam, and together with Jamie, John's son from a previous relationship, family life was cosy full of dogs and Cornish holidays.

Carrie became a full-time mother at that stage, although she continued for many years to take on occasional acting jobs, including in an episode of Rumpole of the Bailey, written by her stepfather, in 1988. She also adapted one of her mother's novels, The Handyman, for radio it was called Little Muspratt and wrote a radio play, Me and My Shadow, which she starred in, along with her dog, in 1983. During the 1980s she qualified as a Childline listener and volunteered at Mayhew, the animal charity. Her last acting job came in Holby City in 2008.

Always curious, unjudgmental and ever positive, she was a loyal friend, a lover of Hampstead Heath in North London, of crosswords, the Sound of Music, coach holidays with Jake and her great friend Marian Diamond, and her Willesden Green garden.

She liked swimming in the sea and was pretty competitive at Scrabble. She was vital, beautiful and beloved.

Sam died in 2020 of cancer and John predeceased her in 2005. She is survived by Jake and Jamie and by six half-siblings, Julia, Sally, Jeremy, Charles, Sarah and Chris.

Polly Mortimer

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Mrs Gloria Thompson 1947 - 2019

Mrs Gloria Thompson, born 1947; died January 25th 2019

Sandra and I have been here 4 years, knowing no one in the village. We were told Willersey is a friendly place to live, Gloria was the first to contact us from over the road, I'm not sure we would have survived if she hadn't. Just to have her and Terry's friendship was wonderful.

Where to go for the best butcher.
What time to be at Clive's barrow to ensure you get the best tomatoes.
Your house alarm light is flashing I'll show you how to fix that.
Have you forgotten your alarm code? I know it.
No ‘over the hill’ means that direction.
Ken You've put the wrong bins out!
Lovely bell ringing this morning she'd say knowing that I was a trainee ringer and not very good.
Gloria asked for our birthdays and sent us cards every year.

The list goes on, these simple examples of advice to ensure a smooth, warm welcome and ongoing friendship. That friendship has grown through the years. Gloria was like that with everyone. Gloria had the time for everyone. She gave of herself, connected with people where they were, what they were going through. This warm hearted friendly lady.
Yes Willersey is a friendly village and Gloria is and her memory will remain, at its heart and soul.

I had the great privilege to visit her in hospital on the Monday. I stood for a while at the foot of the bed as she slept, praying that she'd wake. She did, and her smile of recognition lit up her lovely face and the ward. A wonderful unforgettable vision that I'm pleased to be sharing with you. She sat me down and painfully moved to swing her legs off the edge of the bed to be close to me. And Hey! It was Gloria. We chatted about everything and nothing. We could have just met in the middle of the village. What a glorious 15 mins with Gloria, what a memory. What an honour to know her if only for a few short years. Who's going to feed the birds in the street now?

RIP love, God bless you. Ken Spensley.

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Jean Audrey Hands Cameron 1932 - 2019

Jean Cameron

Jean Audrey Hands Cameron, born 14th January 1932; died 17th August 2019

Jean Audrey Hands Cameron, 87, of Johns Creek, Georgia, beloved wife of the late Norris Allan Cameron passed away peacefully on August 17th, 2019. She is survived by her three children, seven grandchildren, two great-grandsons, and one great -granddaughter. She was predeceased by her parents Tom Hands and Hilda Doris Hands (Ledbetter) and her brother Ivan Geoffrey Hands. Jean was devoted to her three children, twins, Susan Cameron Giardina (Kenneth) and Sarah Cameron Carver (Lawrence), and son, Andrew Reid Cameron (Claire Dube). She was cherished by her grandchildren Emily Susan Carver , Lindsay Jane Carver, Allison Sarah Giardina Rhadans, Andrea Susan Giardina Hill, Christopher Kenneth Giardina, Matthew Allan Cameron, and Michael Roland Cameron, and by her great grandsons, Pierce James Hill and Jackson Kenneth Rhadans, and great granddaughter, Hannah Brooke Rhadans.

Jean was born on January 14th, 1932 in Willersey, Gloucestershire, England. She met the love of her life, Norris Cameron, while he was stationed in the US Air Force in England. Norris and Jean were married in Willersey Village on February 7th, 1953. They were then stationed throughout Europe, The United States, and England for 20 years. Post Air Force Retirement they lived in Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, England, and settled in Georgia to be near to their daughters and their families.

Jean had an artist's heart and wonderfully creative hands. She was a model and a master seamstress, knitter, clothing designer, and fashion stylist. She knitted hundreds of designer hats which she generously gave to friends and donated to various charities. Jean was ahead of her time in oh so many ways. Yes, she loved her family dearly, but she also loved our world. She had a special delight in all things which humanity touched. She had an open mindedness and an open kindness which was contagious. Jean could light up a room with her confidence, playfulness, beauty, and well learned life experiences.

Her Visitation and Funeral Service were held on Saturday, August 24th, 2019 at 11:30am at the Northside Chapel Funeral Home, 12050 Crabapple Road, Roswell, Ga. 30075. Her interment took place at Green Lawn Cemetery at 950 Mansell Rd., Roswell, Ga. 30076 Jean had been legally blind for 28 years and felt much compassion for children who suffer vision problems and other childhood disabilities.

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Helen Rhoden 1924 - 2018

Helen Rhoden

Helen Mary Rhoden, born 13th April 1924; died 12th March 2018

Helen was born in Sheffield and educated at Sheffield Girls' High School. She was in the Voluntary Army Division as a nurse during the Second World War where she met my mother and was a bridesmaid at my parents wedding in 1947. I came along in 1948 and Helen was asked to be my godmother so she has been a large part of my life for seventy years.

She read music at Edinburgh University from 1947-50 and while there saw a horn in a music shop window and bought it with a loan from her father! She was a natural and went on to play it in the BBC Northern Ireland Orchestra in 1952 where she met Maureen McKeown, a violin player and they became firm friends. They moved together to play in the BBC Welsh Orchestra in 1955 before deciding to have a complete change and buy and run a guest house in Wingham, Kent, which they called Minstrels in 1959.

However music was never far away and Helen worked freelance playing in ensembles and orchestras at various London venues including the Festival Hall, as well as teaching at the King's School and the Choir School in Canterbury. In 1976 she retired from performing after a brain tumour operation and became an Associated Board Examiner travelling around the UK and abroad to places as far away as Australia and New Zealand and was a Festival Adjudicator in Canterbury.

Helen and Maureen McKeown decided to move from Kent in 1984 & blessed the day they discovered and moved to Willersey. How happy they both were in this lovely, caring community until the end of their lives. Helen looked after Maureen at home , assisted by carers, as she became increasingly disabled and she once told me she hadn't slept a night away from the bungalow for 13 years. After Maureen's death Helen threw herself into village life; something she hadn't had time for before.

She loved all the village events like the music on the green and shows in the Village Hall. She amazed me with how much she achieved in her 80s! She became good friends with Pamela Baldwin, whom she hadn't known very well when Maureen was alive. Pamela kept a watchful eye on her as she became more housebound and helped with shopping, taking things to Helen when she was admitted to hospital and letting me know how she was. She belonged to NADFAS (now the Arts Society) in Evesham and to The Willersey Lunch Club. She was a driver for the Cotswold Volunteers until ill health prevented her.

She was President of the Wednesday Club for 11 years, which is still going strong with members Helen coerced, still on the committee! Being a very bright lady herself she was keen to make sure people kept their minds active. She started an 80 Club at her home. She spent hours preparing quizzes for the meetings and was always surrounded by note pads, extracts & pictures cut from the newspaper that my might be useful together with crosswords and her hand written pieces of paper on a trolley. Helen never contemplated a computer! She also visited Yates Court Retirement Village in Evesham regularly to give quizzes and chat to people. Music was her main love so when a couple who had run the U3A music group she attended, moved from the village she took it on and eventually organised two groups a month at her home. This involved a lot of work as she was meticulous in the timing and to make sure she played music from a wide range of composers. Latterly Freda Jelfs helped & printed the programmes so the groups could continue in her home. She was very determined not to give up!

When a piano was left to the church Helen paid for its restoration and for it to be tuned regularly in memory of Maureen. She was a member of the U3A Historic Churches group and we would often visit a church when I took her out for a drive. She also loved bird watching and would often take part in the in the Big Garden Birdwatch organised every year. For a time she delivered The Willersey News in Willow Road and occasionally asked me to do it if I was visiting at the right time. Helen was very sad when Anthony Harvey died earlier this year. He was a regular visitor, chatting to help her find her words again after her long stay in hospital last summer. Thank you to her friends and particularly her neighbours who looked out for her in the last few years getting her daily paper, putting out the bins, picking her up if she fell, popping in for a chat and many other kindnesses.

Sam Russell became a friend and carer, having started off as a cleaner for Helen and Maureen 16 years ago. Latterly she went to Helen nearly everyday to prepare her lunch, do the washing, cleaning, some shopping, put something in the fridge ready for her supper; in fact whatever needed doing! Helen was extremely grateful for everything she did. I have enjoyed visiting Willersey since 1984 and in that time have met some of you at various events and celebrations including the Christmas drinks parties they organised for a few years, at which I would be asked to help and Helen's 90th birthday. Helen died peacefully on March 12th, 2018, aged 93 years. She will be lovingly remembered.

Finally thank you all for supporting me at Helen's funeral.
With best wishes, Jennifer (Hurst) Helen's god daughter.

Helen Rhoden of Willersey, Gloucestershire died peacefully on March 12th, 2018, aged 93 years. She will be lovingly remembered.
Helen was born in Sheffield and educated at Sheffield Girls' High School. She was in the Voluntary Army Division as a nurse during the Second World War where she met my mother and was a bridesmaid at my parents wedding in 1947. I came along in 1948 and Helen was asked to be my godmother so she has been a large part of my life for seventy years.

She read music at Edinburgh university from 1947-50 and while there saw a horn in a music shop window and bought it with a loan from her father! She was a natural and went on to play it in the BBC Northern Ireland Orchestra in 1952 where she met Maureen McKeown, a violin player and they became firm friends. They moved together to play in the BBC Welsh Orchestra in 1955 before deciding to have a complete change and buy and run a guest house in Wingham, Kent, which they called Minstrels in 1959.

However music was never far away and Helen worked freelance playing in ensembles and orchestras at various London venues including the Festival Hall, as well as teaching at the King's School and the Choir School in Canterbury. In 1976 she retired from performing after a brain tumour operation and became an Associated Board Examiner travelling around the UK and abroad to places as far away as Australia and New Zealand and was a Festival Adjudicator in Canterbury.

She and Maureen moved to Willersey in 1984 calling their house Minstrels again and blessed the day they moved to such a kind, caring village. Sadly Maureen became increasingly disabled and Helen looked after her magnificently with help from carers. She once told me that she hadn't slept one night away from Willersey for 13 years. After Maureen's death in 2004 Helen, aged 80, amazed me as she threw herself into village life once again and became friends with Pamela Baldwin who kept a watchful eye on her for me! She also let me know if Helen wasn't too well or had had a fall lately.

She drove for the Cotswold North Volunteers taking people for hospital appointments and visited Yates Court in Evesham to give quizzes as she was always very keen to keep people's minds active. She herself enjoyed doing crosswords. To this end she started the 80 Club at home in Willersey; it's name speaks for itself! She was also a member of NADFAS in Evesham. She was President of the Wednesday Club for 11 years. This is still going strong as the ones she coerced onto the committee are still on it! She belonged to and then ran two music groups at home for the U3A and was in the Historic Churches group. She paid for the pianos to be tuned in the church and the village hall annually in memory of Maureen and loved the village events like the music on the green.

She supported the village shop, hairdresser and garage among other things and was extremely grateful to her neighbours who collected her paper, did some shopping, put her bins out and in and picked her up when she fell as her balance became worse with age, having lost her hearing in one ear after an operation. She delivered the Village News in Willow Close for a while and sometimes gave me the job if I was visiting.

Sam was a huge stalwart looking after her and Maureen also for many years. She began as a cleaner and became a carer and friend.
Thank you to the village she loved which I enjoyed visiting and meeting some of you.
Best wishes, Jennifer Hurst (God daughter)

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Mrs Joan Leek 1926 - 2018

Mrs Joan Leek

Mrs Joan Leek, born October 8th 1930; died February 13th 2018

(Based on a reading at her graveside)
-- oOo

Joan, these few lines are just for you, from Vee,
Who listened to your thoughts and memories.
For it was my pleasure near the end
To become your carer and your friend.
You wondered Will God be angry with me?
I wasn t one o them Churchgoers, you see
God loves you I said You gave your all
To His fields and creatures large and small
Your last wish granted, the final factor
Carried off to Church behind your tractor.
With no more suffering, no more pain.
You have done it your way, once again.

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Joan's life in Willersey

Joan Leek, another village character lost to us. Joan was village born and bred. She worked hard all her life until a few years ago. She was respected by fellow cattle and sheep farmers and if you bought either from her at market sales you knew you had quality.

Joan had her own language for lots of things, for example apples if brown in the middle were mawsy. A few years ago when she broke her wrist I helped her with various jobs. It was close to Christmas so that involved the turkeys. They looked a bit pale so on one morning so I mentioned it to Joan “ Ah, they'll redder up later.”

Joan and hsuband Bill had a chequered life. They didn't agree on many things and Bill had felt the broom handle many a time. It was then brought in for repair.

We would come back home and sometimes Joan was hanging over the fence asking “ 'as yer gotta minute ” whch usually meant bale carting or something to do with the animals.

We all got used to seeing Joan in her khaki smock and trousers with her hair in a turban, but when they went out usually on a Friday, she always looked very smart. Her favourite colour was green.

Joan was usually on her tractor, in the old days a grey Fergie giving her hand signals very clearly, but when it came to having a new tractor there was cause for concern. It had a cab on it. How was she going to do her hand signals? They then realised it had indicators. It was a well known sight of Joan being seen driving the tractor with Bill and their dog in the box at the back. She was even known to drive the tractor to Broadway to go to the bank.

I mentioned earlier that she had broken her wrist so that meant reinforcements were called in. I was therefore promoted to riding in the box to help muck out and feed the cattle with Joan giving the instructios. There was always the right way to do a job in Joan's eyes.

Joan didn't stray too far from Willersey although she did go to Scotland with her freind Margaret on one or two occasions. She liked horses and followed all the races on television setting up her own bookies service for a bit of a thrill. She knew the horses, jockeys and trainers and was always pleased if one of the local trainers had a winner.

Lots of things happened in her lifetime and she could remember them well. It always amazed me how she remembered it all. She liked to keep up with what was goin on until recently. She had a difficult life with her arthritis, but nevertheless things were done to a time. This was Joan's thing. everything done at the right time.

It will be hard having new neighbours after a good fifty years. Although they never had children, she was interested in what out Caroline and David did. I have a lovely photo of her leaning on the garden fence between us having a chat with Mackenzie aged about four.

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Canon Anthony Harvey 1930 - 2018

Canon Anthony Harvey

The Reverend Canon Anthony Harvey DD, born May 1st 1930; died January 9th 2018

Anthony was born on 1st May 1930 to Cyril and Nina Harvey, three years after his sister Jean. He went to Eton College as a scholar before winning a scholarship to Worcester College, Oxford to read Classics and Philosophy. He achieved a double first. Prior to this he spent a year studying the violin in Brussels. He then won a scholarship to work in Munich on Greek Lyric poetry and then worked for the Third Program at the BBC. During this time he met and married Julian and decided to go for ordination and trained at Westcott House, Cambridge. Here Marina was born. He then became a curate at Christ Church, Chelsea and during this time two more sisters were born, Helen and Christian.

He moved to Oxford in 1962 to become a Research Student, teaching in Christ Church College, Oxford and was also Mental Health Chaplain at the Warneford Hospital. At Oxford he began his distinguished career as an author of books on the New Testament, Christian doctrine and ethics. His first major work was “A Companion to the New Testament” under the name of A.E.Harvey. This involved an eight month stay in Jerusalem with the family, 1966-67. Shortly after their return Victoria was born.

In 1969 he became Warden of St Augustine's College, Canterbury, a theological college preparing students for ordination. In 1976 he was appointed Lecturer in Theology in the University of Oxford. During this time he was also chaplain of Queen s College, Oxford and a member of Wolfson College, Oxford. From 1982-99 he was Canon and Librarian of Westminster Abbey, and Sub-Dean 1987-89.

He retired to Willersey with Julian who died in 2015. Here he continued to write and take a keen interest in inter-faith dialogue, social justice, the George Bell Institute, environmental and charitable work especially ACES, Aid for Children in El Salvador. He took a full part in village and Church life right up until the day he collapsed.

A Service of Thanksgiving for The Reverend Dr Anthony E.Harvey
was held on Tuesday 15th January 2019 at 6:30pm in Westminster Abbey.

This Memorial stone was dedicated by the Dean of Westminster in the Great Cloisters
Canon Anthony Harvey

Here is a copy of the Order of the Service

The text of three Tributes from his daughters    Marina,    Helen    and Victoria.      Here is the tribute from his grandson Ross.

The Address was given by The Right Reverend and Right Honourable The Lord Williams of Oystermouth    Owen Williams.

Alison, my father's neighbour rang me on 8th January to tell me the sad news that my father had had a severe stroke and that she and Brian, Sue Burdett and Mr and Mrs Kelly were looking after him. This immediately brought home to me and my sisters the amazing sense of love, friendship, caring and community that exists in Willersey where so many people have helped and looked out for my father with such kindness.

When my mother had Alzheimer's so many people very kindly helped my father look after her or, if she got lost walking around the village, would bring her back home. My father would talk so enthusiastically to us about the many people he loved and admired in the village. He was deeply committed to both the Church and the Willersey community.

He did all he could to support the local shop as he knew the crucial role that it played in supporting the community spirit and the independence of those without a car and believed that if it were lost this would seriously harm the village. He loved going down to the shop first thing in the morning with his basket and saying good morning to those he met.

My father was a New Testament scholar/lecturer at Oxford University, and throughout his life wrote many books on theology; the best known of these was a large commentary on the whole of the New Testament “A Companion to the New Testament” which later earned him his doctorate. He wrote under the name A.E Harvey. He was Canon/Sub-dean of Westminster Abbey from 1982 to 1999.

He was always passionately concerned about community, asylum seekers, refugees, all those who are marginalised, and justice. He was the theologian on the Church's influential report into inner-city poverty in the mid 80s called “Faith in the City”.

In 1998 he was instrumental in the installation of ten statues of modern martyrs (including Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Martin Luther King and Oscar Romero) above the West Door of Westminster Abbey. Recently the issues close to his heart were justice for the memory of Bishop George Bell, ACES the society for children in El Salvador and above all Willersey; the village, the church and his vicar.

The prayers of those in the village, and our vicar the Rev. Scott Watts taking morning prayer with him (so sensitively) helped to make his death at the end so beautiful and peaceful. Hospitality was just one of our father's many gifts, and as he breathed his last there was not only a great sense of Confirmation that his work on earth was done, but a vividness that he has gone on ahead of us to that “house of many mansions” to help prepare a place for us all.

My friend and colleague Anthony Harvey, who has died aged 87, was an outstanding classicist who switched to theology and became a leading New Testament scholar, and subsequently an influential church theologian and ethicist.

His books on ministry and on the gospels included Jesus and the Constraints of History (1982) based on his Bampton lectures at Oxford University which was rated among the best historical Jesus books of its generation. A monograph on St Paul, Renewal Through Suffering (1996), and several articles (including one on the Lord's Prayer to appear shortly) maintained his scholarly independence and impeccable academic standards. Is Scripture Still Holy? (2012) showed his concern to relate this to the life of the church.

Anthony was born in London, son of Cyril Harvey, a barrister, and his wife, Nina (nee Darley), attended Eton and then studied classics at Worcester College, Oxford. Following ordination in 1958 to a curacy in London, he returned to Oxford in 1962 to continue research at Christ Church.

After a spell as warden of St Augustine's College, Canterbury (1969-75) he became a lecturer at Oxford and chaplain of the Queen's College before moving to Westminster Abbey as canon librarian in 1982; from 1987 until his retirement in 1999 he was also archdeacon and sub-dean.

At Westminster he was the statutory theologian on various church commissions, including the archbishop of Canterbury Robert Runcie's initiative which led in 1985 to the Faith in the City report. The two years of intensive fieldwork behind that report redirected the activism of an always compassionate but privileged and somewhat remote intellectual.

Shocked by the extent of many communities' alienation from the life of society, he gave time and effort to local social projects. By What Authority? The Church and Social Concern (2001) and Asylum in Britain (2009) offered his theological reflection on this frontline experience. Books on the ethics of Jesus, retaliation, sexual morality and peacemaking also stemmed from his active involvement in church, and society, which continued up to his death.

Following the death in 2015 of his wife, Julian (nee McMaster), a gifted artist and poet, he wrote a memoir of his ministry, profession and marriage, Drawn Three Ways (2016). Readers of that book may see how the stoic philosophy and religious faith that he learned and taught when young came to shape his response to his wife's long illness and the death in 2008 of Christian, the third of their four daughters.

He is survived by his daughters Marina, Helen and Victoria.
Robert Morgan

Dr Andrew Chandler writes in The Church Times:
Canon Anthony Harvey, who died on 9th January, aged 87, was a distinguished scholar and teacher of New Testament studies, an author of diverse books, a contributor to significant debates, and a participant in the public contexts in which they were to be found. He lived a life defined, perhaps, above all by a long and costly labour to integrate and reconcile quite distinct dimensions of experience, even as they often pulled in different directions. In this lay a coherent integrity that was not, at any point, achieved cheaply.
Anthony Ernest Harvey's father was an eminent lawyer; his mother died young. Anthony was educated at Eton, and there excelled at the violin, piano, and organ. Later, he would say little of his schooling, and he resented the quality of superiority which it inculcated. Unfit for national service, he studied the violin with Maurice Raskin in Brussels, watched over by Belgian cousins.
In 1949, Harvey won a scholarship to Worcester College, Oxford, where he secured a double first in Classics. On graduation, he won a two-year scholarship to travel abroad, and set off in a Morris 8 to Munich to study with Rudolf Pfeiffer, whom he had first met as a refugee teaching at Oxford, and who had now returned to his homeland. Driving over the Alps, he made his way to Florence, where he met the British consul, Ian McMaster, and Julian McMaster. He acknowledged Julian's intuitive intelligence, prized her creative gifts, both literary and artistic, and admired her resistance to snobbery. They married in 1957. By then, Harvey was preparing for ordination at Westcott House, Cambridge. His marriage to Julian brought four daughters: Marina, Helen, Christian, and Victoria.
Harvey was ordained in 1958 and served his title in Chelsea. He attended the 1961 General Assembly of the World Council of Churches in New Delhi, where his multi-lingual skills came into their own. He remained, deeply, a scholar. In 1962, he became a student of Christ Church, Oxford. Soon he was hard at work on a companion to the New Testament, a study commissioned to accompany the publication of the New English Bible, and in 1966 he travelled with the family to Jerusalem to immerse himself in the task.
It was an experience that confirmed his internationalism, and it proved to be formative. When he published the companion, he acknowledged that, in many ways, he had written it for his father, and had tried throughout “to ask the questions which he would have asked and to seek the answers which he would have regarded as honest”. It sold 40,000 copies. While Oxford suited Harvey, he felt that his academic writing should be applicable to the realities of everyday life. In 1969, he was appointed Warden of St Augustine's College, Canterbury, for those in the final year of ordination training. Here he relished the opportunity to attempt innovations, but found himself unsure how to interpret a new generation who looked to the enthusiasms of the late 1960s. In time, however, many of those who studied under him came to value what he had given them, and also the spirit in which it had been offered. Harvey felt the closure of St Augustine's in 1976 as a personal blow. It brought him to a further period at Oxford, when he combined a university lectureship and fellowship of Wolfson College with a chaplaincy to the Queen's College. He gave the Bampton Lectures, later published as Jesus and the Constraints of History, in 1982, and did much through his writing to develop the thought of the Church of England's Doctrine Commission. But it was in Oxford that Julian suffered a succession of severe nervous breakdowns, whose treatment proved harrowing.
In 1982, Harvey entered into possibly the most creative period of his life, when he became Canon Theologian at Westminster Abbey. In important respects, the post suited him perfectly. He could watch over Julian, whose health remained precarious, and he could preach, think, and write with freedom. But he could also become, perhaps more than ever, immersed in the world at large, with all its debates, controversies, and crises.
It was he who came up with the title “Faith in the City” when he became theological adviser to the new Archbishop's Commission on Urban Priority Areas. He was shocked by social deprivation, and was glad to find that, as a theologian, he could play a part in fashioning a principled and practical response to it. Harvey came to love the Abbey itself, and found its many intricacies endlessly provocative to new ideas. He was glad to foster the development of its museum, and enjoyed making the Jerusalem Chamber a place for the launching of books or the holding of discussions.
By the late 1990s, he was embarking on his most enduring contribution to the fabric: the creation of ten statues of 20th-century Christian martyrs. Unveiled by the Queen in 1998, they expressed impressively a sense of the place of the Abbey itself, both in the imposing contexts of royalty or official authority and in the turbulence of the modern world. In later years, it was under his auspices that refugees and those who worked for them met each week in Cheneygates. In such things, Harvey found himself to be deeply alive. Those who found him austere failed to recognise the claims of simplicity by which he lived. Harvey's Anglicanism was recognisably that of William Temple, George Bell, and Michael Ramsey. His was not narrowly an English life, and his piety was not narrowly an English piety. He was at hom in French Catholicism, and liked to quote a prior of Taiz , that the definition of a priest was one who was always listening.
He relished the quest for justice at work in liberation theology, and was much influenced by those whose thought had known the severe testing of political and social injustice. Eberhard and Renate Bethge were an important part of his cultural world, while the East German pastor Werner Kr tschell knew him as a friend, and Dom Helder Camara stayed at the Harveys' home. The wonder of his published work at large lay in its lucid, elegant prose, its freedom from jargon, and its alert, responsive empiricism. Indeed, he always found his basis in exploring the questions that people might ask. “Strenuous Commands: The ethic of Jesus” (1990) remains widely admired. “Promise or Pretence? A Christian's guide to sexual morals” (1994) had first appeared as articles in Theology magazine, and provoked a brief stir.
Harvey retired in 1999 to a cottage in Willersey, Gloucestershire. These years brought the death of his third daughter, Christian, in 2008, and they were increasingly dominated by Julian's decline. But there was still much work to be done. In 2000, he taught himself Spanish to preach at the 20th anniversary of the death of Archbishop Romero. He published a succession of further books, often with the SCM Press, of which he was particularly fond. Their subjects included war and peace; asylum-seeking; a moral case against British government policy; and the New Testament. His autobiography, “Drawn Three Ways” appeared in 2014.
He remained a fundamental presence in the life of the George Bell Institute. He established a charity to support the work of an orphanage in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, only to see it crash in corruption. He returned to his violin studies. After Julian's death in 2015, he published privately a volume of her poetry. An article on Daily Bread, for the Journal of Theological Studies, was in press at his death. Harvey's last work for publication was a final work of protest: an open letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury, provoked by the Church's treatment of Bishop George Bell.
Harvey seemed wholly well when, suddenly, on 7th January, he suffered a severe stroke. When the end came two days later, his daughters Helen and Victoria were with him.

Canon Anthony Harvey with Archbisop Tutu          Canon Anthony Harvey with the Queen Mother

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Jean Moore 1939 - 2017

Mrs Jean Mary Moore

Mrs Jean Moore born 17th June 1939 died 22nd October 2017

Jean was born in Broadway to Henry and Elsie Beasley. She spent most of her early life at the family home at 26 Badsey Road, Willersey along with her brother Keith and sister Elizabeth. She attended the little village school and went on to attend Chipping Campden Grammar School. At school Jean loved sport and especially hockey. This was a sport she continued to play well into her 50's as a goalkeeper for Blockley Ladies. She was also an avid Manchester United fan.
While growing up she met and fell in love with local lad David Moore and they were married in Willersey Church in 1958. Their first home was a wooden bungalow which stood in an orchard around the top of the Village and two years later they moved into a newly built house at 7 Timms Green, Willersey, which was to become their family home for the rest of their lives. They had four children Duncan, Darren, Danny and Sue (at last a girl!).
I first got to know Jean when we moved into Timms Green in 1976. She was always kind, friendly and helpful. She did not suffer fools gladly, but I soon found out that she had a really soft middle and we became good friends.
When David became ill, she would very often bring him over to sit in our back garden to watch Willersey play Sunday morning football and the kettle was soon on. She would make me laugh to start with because she would ring and say “Are you in?” and I would reply “Well yes Jean. You're talking to me. I will put the kettle on.” After a while she would just wander over and we would sit and put the Village affairs right over a cup of tea.

She was born and bred a Village girl and enjoyed the village social life where she played skittles and loved a Quiz always going under the name Mosads (the Moore and Sadler families). Over the years she particularly enjoyed her Friday night social drink at both Village Pubs with good friends Mildred and Mary and we were soon nicknamed the girls Bananarama Cheesey chips were very often their supper when out on the town.

She was passionate about keeping the Village alive and naturally got involved in many things. The Parish Council was a big part of her life, and in May 2017 Councillor Lynden Stowe paid tribute to Jean for her 26 years continuous service by presenting her with a silver picture frame to mark her retirement. Several year ago the village Hall committee was searching for a treasurer and you won't be surprised to know that it was Jean who again came to their rescue. She was also a very active member of the WI, again serving on their committee and soon becoming treasurer. Nothing got past Jean as treasurer.

So as we all know, she loved Willersey and always strongly supporting all the village organisations to keep them going. She was quite a crusader in her own way. She made many friends over the years all of whom will miss her greatly. We will always remember the laughs and good times we shared together along the way. So thank you Jean for your friendship.
God Bless You.

Eulogy written by Mal Jelfs (Friend and Neighbour) for Jean's funeral.

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David Hammond 1936 - 2017

Tribute to David Hammond

It is a real privilege to give this tribute for David Hammond whom I have known for over 55 years. Firstly as a colleague and then as a very special friend. I am indebted to Anne, Tim and John and the grandchildren for their many fond memories of David. Harriet wrote an excellent biography of him as a school assignment; also to Nick and Angela Sexton who were good friends at Bognor Regis Teacher Training College. Dave was a good man, a devout Christian, good husband, father and grandfather who will be sadly missed. We extend to the family our deepest sympathy. It is not a time for weeping however but for rejoicing over his good life. He had a good sense of humour and once said “I don't want anything crying at my funeral and if they do I won't speak to them again”.

Dave was born in Wisborough West Sussex in 1936 and his favourite subject at school was Science. After leaving school he joined a research laboratory and this was followed by two years compulsory National Service in the RAF, where he became an air radar mechanic. He then went to College to train as a Secondary School Science Teacher. It was there that he met Jane his future wife.

I first met Dave when I joined the Staff at Lancastrian Boys School as a Science teacher. Dave was well established and made me very welcome. We shared the science teaching throughout the School, Dave teaching Physical Sciences and me the Natural Sciences. One of the most difficult Classes was 4C on a Monday morning. I did the teaching and Dave patrolled with a big stick! You could hit children in those days although we never did. We really taught Science as a discovery learning exercise and were very innovatory. To give one example we once took 20 boys to Pagham Harbour at 4.00 am to record the magnificent dawn chorus. We then played it at morning Assembly. It was all well organised except we forgot to tell the Police, but two of them came along to listen. We both sang in the School Choir; Dave had a fine tenor voice and continued to sing in two Choirs until quite recently. We also played cricket together including playing Ford Open Prison. We had two away matches a year! He was an incredible hitter of the ball and only hit fours. He once ran me out as I was happy to scamper singles but he stood his ground. Tim and John spent many happy hours playing cricket with him but asked him to bowl underarm as he was a poor bowler. Cricket was a good metaphor for his life. He always played a straight bat, was a team player and has had a good innings.

During this time in Chichester we both married and honeymooned on Jersey. We were both provided with adjoining teachers flats and usually met on Sunday evenings for Supper and Sunday Half Hour. Dave was a superb technician and kindly rigged us up with an old television set.

Dave and Jane had three lovely children who in turn produced seven grandchildren who gave Dave immense pleasure. They were a constant joy to him. There were fun and games at Christen Mares, holidays at Instow, North Devon where they had a holiday cottage and country walks with Dave teaching all the way. He was a keen radio ham and the children remember him talking to people all over the World. Anne was thrilled when Dave asked such people to say “Hello” to her on air. He was an able gardener and DIY expert. He could make and repair anything. A delight for the family was when Dave produced his famous chocolate eclairs. All the children enjoyed the rides down the Drive in the tractor trailer as well as watching TV with him with a box of Quality Street to hand. The grandchildren were thrilled when Dave built a tree house in the garden for them. He was a lead campanologist here and would have been delighted to have heard the bells ringing so beautifully to welcome him here today.

Dave was one of my best friends ever and we even called each other “Bro”. We all miss him greatly but rejoice in the loving care of his family, his multiple talents and because the world is a better place because he has lived. We are glad that he is now reunited with his lovely wife Jane in Heaven.

Farewell Dear Friend. Rest in Peace. Your memory is our keep sake.

David George

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Biography of David Hammond - October 2003

This Biography is dedicated to David George Hammond: a father, husband and grandfather.

Growinq Up
David was born in Wisborough Green in Sussex, in 1936. Three years before, in 1933, Barbara, David's elder sibling was born. His earliest memory was of being on West Wittering sea side. He was on holiday and enjoyed the sea side so much he later lived by the sea. It was his favourite place as a child.
David went to school at Horsham Grammar which was 10 miles away from Wisborough Green so David never saw his school friends. He would only see his village friends whom he was still good friends with from his primary school. David belonged to many clubs during his childhood such as Cubs, Cricket and Drama club. He was also part of the church choir. As a teenager he was the treasurer of the Football Club. When David was growing up he helped a lot on farms where he did a lot of work with tractors. He belonged to the Young farmers club. They had annual variety nights where he danced and performed in plays. David was not a very ambitious child but he enjoyed cricket so much that he would have loved to have played cricket for a living.

School Life
David attended Wisborough Primary School. It was a small village school, but never-the-less David enjoyed it tremendously. When David first started at Wisborough Primary School he found it extremely hard going and frightening. His favourite teacher in primary school was Mrs Lewis who was the head teacher's wife. David then went on to Collyers School and finally Horsham Grammar School. But he still felt that he was not very clever and also admitted he wasn't very attentive! He did all the subjects including Latin. One of his teachers was Mr Soaper, a biology teacher. David particularly remembers him because Mr Soaper brought his pet squirrel in to show the class. Out of all these subjects he enjoyed Science the best. Which he later went on to teach. David left school at 17 in 1953. He did not immediately go to college or university but later went to a teacher training college, where he met his wife, Jane Mary Ingles.

Workinq Life
David, at 17, went to work in a physics Laboratory as a Research assistant. He enjoyed it enormously because he had always liked physics at school. In 1955, David did his National service. He worked as an Air Radar Mechanic in the RAF. He was stationed in Upwood, Huntingdonshire. This is now known as Cambridgeshire. He worked there from July 1955 to July 1957. At the time he resented it. He didn't want to be there but as it was compulsory he had no choice. He was chosen to become an officer but decided he would not like to be one because he would have had to work longer in the RAF. Although, looking back on it he feels he had a very good experience and also said it was enjoyable.
His career as a teacher was mainly teaching science. But he also taught music occasionally. His most memorable experience of being a teacher was being promoted to head of the science department. David was permitted to hit his pupils with a cane, however, he refrained because he did not agree with it. David retired at the age of 57 in 1993.

Family Life
David proposed to Jane Mary Ingles and in 1961 they married. He met her at a teacher training college where Jane was also training to be a teacher. They got married in Willersey Methodist Church and went to the Channel Islands in Jersey on their honeymoon. They recently returned there after 40 years as a gift from their children. Unfortunately David's father died when David was a young child. David's mother was alive to see David and Jane get married. When David was asked who he had thought had made the biggest influence on his life he said he felt that his wife, Jane, had. In January 1964 they bought their first house in Chichester. They later lived in Boshom. The hardest decision David said he had made was to move house from Boshom to Christen Mares.
In the same year they got married they had Elizabeth Anne known as Anne. David had two other children after Elizabeth; Timothy David Hammond and John Michael Hammond. Jane and David have seven 7 Grandchildren altogether. Fredrick who is John's son, Harriet, Rose, Florence and Charlie who are Anne's children. George and Benjamin who are Tim's sons.

Present Day 2003
At present Jane and David are living at Christen Mares, Willersey Hill. It is a large house in the countryside with a lot of land surrounding. David also has a house in Instow, Devon. It is a lovely cottage looking out on the Estuary. Just a five minute walk from the beach and a short car's journey away from most other beaches. They enjoy going there very much but when they are not down there, friends, relatives and connections go down there to stay. David's interests include gardening and bell ringing. David has a big garden to look after and he does it very well. He grows copious amounts of fruits and vegetables including tomatoes, cherries and apples. Also he does a large amount of bell ringing at the local village church. David also takes part in a lot of D.I.Y as he helps a lot in Anne's house and does a lot in his own house and garden. David has had a lifelong interest from the age of about 10 in amateur radio. But recently computers have taken its place. David has always been a church goer.
David supports Manchester United Football Club. He has supported them ever since the 1957 air crash in Europe. He watched the team rebuild and become a successful team once again.

Harriet Taylor        20th October 2003

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Judy Munt 1933 - 2017

Judy Munt, Willersey

Eulogy to Judy Munt
by Robert McNeil Wilson

I stand here as Judy's friend.
It was a blessing to be able to count Judy Munt as a friend and so, it is a profound honour to have been asked to give the Eulogy to her and her remarkable life.

Judy was born, Judy MacLaren, in 1933. It is important to make reference to her maiden name because it is well-known to many that she was proud of her Scottish origins, her Clan MacLaren and her beloved father, whose memory I know she always cherished. Judy was always mindful of the suffering her father had endured when he had arrived in Singapore in the War, just in time to be captured and confined in Changi Jail before being sent to work as a slave on the Death Railway in Burma. I know that Judy felt his later health problems stemmed from those terrible times and I feel sure she would want us all to spare a moment, on this day, to commemorate his sacrifice and suffering.

Judy grew up in Beeston Fields Drive, Nottingham. In her early years, she shared a governess with her life-long friend, Shanne. Judy had fond memories of those times and the days spent playing with her friend in the rural setting of Beeston Fields. In her teens, Judy was an active and impressive sportswoman, playing county-level tennis for Nottinghamshire.

Later, Mike would play tennis with his wife and he told me, with some satisfaction, that he had even been known to beat her. However, further research revealed that this only happened after Judy had been somewhat fatigued by having already defeated a number of other more serious contenders on the day and that the number of times could actually be counted on the thumbs of one hand. (And it must occurred to Mike that she had, in fact, let him win one because she loved him so much).

After leaving school, Judy went to London, training to become a nurse at St Thomas' Hospital, on the other side of the Thames from the Palace of Westminster. Later, when her poor father was suffering from cancer, she returned to Nottingham to put her caring nature and skills to use and nurse him.

After this, Judy got a job with the famous, Nottingham pharmaceutical company, Boots. She just was about to go off to her beloved Scotland, to take up a more senior managerial post with Boots when a tall, dark gentleman intervened and upset it all - by proposing marriage. Judy first met the man she was to marry when he was only three years old and she was only one. She went from being his little pal, to being his friend, to being his girlfriend, before becoming his wife. I always thought that Judy's email address which was for both Mike and Judy said it all “mike-judymunt at” they were a single, very real unit. We've all heard Judy and Mike calling each other “Darling” in public. She was the love of his life and he was hers.

Judy and her young man had enjoyed dancing and attended many Young Conservative dances after the Second World. Judy and Mike went on to marry and have three children, Janne, Fiona and Alastair, with Judy becoming a full-time mum, devoting herself to her children's welfare and upbringing. The family accompanied Mike on an RAF posting to Singapore and Judy enjoyed a tropical life-style with her family; Mike teaching the children to swim and Judy coaching them in tennis. Judy's beloved son, Alastair took after his mother and excelled at tennis, cricket and rowing.

When they moved here, to Willersey in 1964, Judy took a job caring for Colonel Lord and his wife. Judy took this job because it meant she could always be around, when she needed to be, for her children. In talking to Mike and his girls, I get the sense of an idyllic, almost children's story-book-style of family life; full of fun, adventure and happiness as a consequence of the fun and loving natures of Judy and Mike as parents.

During her children's younger years, Judy kept ‘open-house’ at the end of each school day, playing host to all her son's and daughters' young, ‘latch-key’ friends, welcoming everyone, as Fiona puts it. Fiona told me that her family have had letters and phone calls from school friends, particularly Anne, Aline and Lucy who remembered, fondly, her mum's famous Teas (with a capital “T”); coming in from school to the smell of freshly-made flapjacks, caramel shortbread and chocolate cake and recalling going home to their own mums and saying, “Why can't we have tea like Mrs Munt's?!”

When their children were in their teens Judy and Mike enjoyed many narrow boat holidays; including the children taking their French and German pen friends with them when they visited and helping their dad to run “Centenary”“; a charitable narrow boat. Judy and Mike built on this, during Mike's school years at Bilton Grange, near Rugby, when they roped in Janne, Fiona and Alastair to help them run canal-based adventures for the boys. Judy would undertake the duties of First Mate and first aider as well as cooking amazing meals from what seemed like nothing at all. When they were old enough, Judy's children would crew and operate an additional narrow boat, enabling them to take an extra boat-full of boys on these adventures. In her long and happy life, Judy and her family were blessed with many other happy holidays and trips.

I have mentioned Judy's love of Scotland and she and Mike, sensibly, capitalised on this by purchasing a holiday property bond that enabled them to stay in their own Scottish castle for a couple of weeks a year. Judy enjoyed spending time with friends and family on her family's numerous Pembrokeshire holidays over the course of over fifty years. She loved cruises and she and Mike sailed the Mediterranean and explored the fjords of Norway together and, on their fortieth anniversary they cruised around Australia and New Zealand.

When Judy's children left home, she returned to nursing and was in much demand for the Special Clinic and in Orthopaedics.

In Willersey, Judy is well-known as a real force in village life and for her career of service to her community.

Judy was an active member and former Chairman of our village's Mothers' Union and the Women s institute. It was Judy who beat me to it in suggesting that the beautiful Mother's Union banner that had been hidden away was restored to the Sanctuary. Whenever I look at that banner, I shall always think of her. In the W.I., Judy was famous for her marmalade and jam-making and contributions to the W.I. market in particular a remarkable creation called Red Dragon Pie. She provided huge support to the Girl Guide and Brownie movement and was Brown Owl for 25 years, leading her Brownie pack to victory in numerous competitions, as well as holding the prestigious and senior position of District Commissioner.

She was Chairman of the Parish Council with all the onerous responsibilities of that role.

Judy was a true RAF-wife and gave Mike enormous support in his work with the RAF Benevolent Fund and was passionately involved in ensuring the preservation of the Vulcan bomber at Wellesbourne Airfield, yet another shared aspect of their long, shared life. In recent years Judy was active at Signpost, a kind of Citizen's Advice Bureau in Broadway. As recently as a year ago, Judy was still working as a volunteer driver for the Cotswold Friends helping those in need with hospital runs, surgery visits and other essential trips.

On a recent day, after Judy had passed away, Fiona was out walking with a friend of her mum's. Whilst remembering Judy, the friend mentioned Judy's amazing ability to ‘hold court’ in a room in official meetings, likening it to the ‘flicking on of a switch’. Judy would go into a different mode altogether, never raising her voice, but getting her point across with quiet authority. And then she would join Mike again, the switch would flick off and she would go back to being ‘the wife’ again!

Certainly, this rings true of my experiences of the years I've enjoyed working with Judy. In many Parochial Church Council meetings, other councillors would be holding forth with great enthusiasm and verbosity particularly Geoff Dear and Penny Burch and me and Judy would sit next to Mike looking thoughtful until my wife, another Judith, said to Judy, “But let's hear from Judy. What do you think, oh Wise One!” We would all know that we could count on Judy to dispense a dose of cool, clear, practical, common sense; a gem of wisdom that would give us cause for thought and steer us to a sensible way forward.

Judy, simply, never gave in. Tini, the leader of our flower arrangers, told me that Judy said about her own involvement in our Church's flower arranging team, “I'll never give up, you know!”. Her friends have put their own memorial to Judy in Judy's own window the north window in the South Transept, where they have placed a beautiful, fresh spring arrangement that we should gaze upon with Judy in mind.

Judy continued to place great emphasis on children, particularly in introducing them to a faith in Our Lord, Jesus. She remained the leading light in the Christingle Service and its preparations before each Christmas and, right up to her final illness, was still going into Willersey School to enlighten the children with ‘Open the Book’, an introduction to the Bible.

It came as no surprise to learn that this most Christian of ladies was a fine godmother. Her godson, David Powell wrote of how Judy has been a constant presence and thread throughout his life and the subsequent, consequent significance of his Christian faith. Judy had always taken a keen interest in his musical achievements.

Judy's friends were important to her; she retained longstanding and lifelong friends, including her childhood friend Shanne. It will have been a great comfort to Judy that she was granted the opportunity to talk to Shanne and so many other, loving friends in her last few days.

Judy was a wonderful grandmother to her 10 grandchildren; always supportive and ‘hands-on’. She would have her grandchildren, four at a time, for overnight stays, cooking with them and entertaining them with arts and crafts projects.

For Mike and Judy, the terrible accident that robbed them of their beloved son, Alastair, was a cruel tragedy. Yet despite that devastating blow, there was never the least sign, to the outside world, that it had dented her faith or Mike's faith. They just carried on, serving their church, their community and family with sadder, brave smiles. On the morning Judy died, her daughter. Fiona, said, “She's with my brother now.”

For me, it was a significant, little miracle, evidence of God working in his remarkable and occasionally clear and interventionist way when He caused Bishop Rachel, our Bishop of Gloucester, to be here, in this Parish, for some of the last hours that Judy was with us and actually conscious. Bishop Rachel knew and respected Judy and was here chairing the selection panel for our next Vicar and, before I could ask her, she offered, at the end of the day, to visit Judy's home to pray with Judy and her family.

What an amazing indication of the value that God put in His servant Judy, that he should make sure that this powerful, Christian and Churchwoman should have her Diocesan Bishop attend to her and be there with her to lead her in prayer and help her to make her peace in her last, conscious hours.
I say again; I am honoured to call myself a friend of this remarkable lady.

As my respected & valued and very close co-Churchwarden, Judy always supported me.
She stood shoulder to shoulder with me, a formidable ally in our hard-fought battle over the glebe land, on behalf of the village, against the Diocese and that same Bishop who ministered to her at the end. She lent the greatest credibility to our fight. Whenever I questioned whether I was fighting too hard or aggressively or doing the right thing, it was a constant reassurance to have her approval and support; confirmation that what we were engaged in, on behalf of her beloved village was right, given how much I valued and respected her views.

In writing this eulogy, I have used that word numerous times. I have not sought to vary this because it sums up the capacity of Judy for love.
How should we remember her?
I am sure that many of you will be like me; I shall always remember the twinkle in her eye and the warmth that washed over me whenever I was blessed by one of her kind, gentle, beautiful smiles. For me, Judy was the most inspiring, committed churchwoman and Christian it has been my honour to meet.

Bereavement is made up of many emotions. When you have been with, and loved, and been loved by someone all your life it can feel inexplicable that they should have left you. Mike and her family might be left wondering how she could do it; how could she leave them? But, perhaps we should all have known that when her God decided it was time for her to join him in paradise, that she would answer that call.

We should celebrate Judy's life; a life-time of love for Mike and for her family and friends
but particularly for dear Mike.
A life-time of service to her country, her community and her beloved church.
A long, truly good life.
A life lived to the full.

Mike was, indeed, the love of Judy's life. Mike has shared his disappointment with me that Judy was taken from him before they were able to celebrate their diamond jubilee of 60 years of marriage, even though it was some years away. But, as I told Mike on the day she died; no one can take away your wonderful, shared years together, and you know that her death has not and will not bring an end to the love she always had for you. God rest.

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Angelo Hensley 1928 - 2017

Mrs Jean Mary Moore

Angelo Hensley born 1928 died February 2017

Angelo lived at St Winifreds on Main Street next door to The New Inn. He was provided with a lunch from there most days. The house had a very large garden which he used to keep immaculately until his later years. He was often seen travelling around on his bicycle and would walk it up Campden Lane with a bale of hay on it. He never married and was born and died in the same house. This is quite unusual nowadays.

Angelo was a committed member of the Roman Catholic Church, his funeral was held in the Broadway Catholic Church and he is buried in the cemetery there.

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Maurice Andrews 1923 - 2016


Maurice Andrews, Willersey

Maurice was the ninth child of eleven born to George and Mary Andrews (with another adopted) at Wells Gardens, Broadway on June 10th 1923.

His childhood was happy but materially poor and was recorded in his book, ‘A Village Remembered’ which he wrote in the 1970 s. He was a Cub and Scout and sang in St Michael's Church Choir.

He went to Broadway School under an inspirational Head Teacher, Archibald Bridgeman and left at 14 to become a Grocer's Boy for the Midland Stores before joining Charles Steward's Building firm as a Clerk. Here he was given the opportunity to attend evening classes in Evesham to gain qualifications.

When WW2 started he joined the LDV or Home Guard before enlisting in the RAF on 1941, aged 18. He wanted to be a pilot but chronic colour blindness prevented this so he became a ‘Backroom Boy’ dealing with security issues. In 1942 he was posted to India. Here he served on the staff of South East Asia Command under Lord Louis Mountbatten and was proud to have had a conversation with him about Broadway. Maurice also attended one of Gandhi's mass rallies and had never seen so many people in one place at the same time. The Indian experience left an impression on him for the rest of his life and was a considerable eye-opener for a young lad from a small Cotswold village.

He returned to the UK in 1945 and signed on for another year at the Air Ministry where he was promoted to Flight Sergeant. Here he met a WAAF Corporal, Eira Wyn-Evans, and they were married in 1947 following demob.

His first job on civvy street was as a Production Controller in Luton & then near Swansea where their first child was born. However, Maurice wanted to return to Broadway and the family set up their first real home in Sandscroft Avenue in 1948, where their second child was born a few years later.

He got a clerical job with the building firm of W.A.Cox in Evesham and then moved to the office of Gordon Russell's before going to Arthur Parker's building firm where he became Director and Secretary until 1957.

Maurice became self-employed as an Accountant and Secretary in the late 1950s before setting up two companies, Dunelm Estates and Dunelm Trading. The latter, an ironmonger's, was with his brother, Harry, in Leamington Road.

Maurice started his Community Service by being elected onto Broadway Parish Council in 1952 and he served on it until 1963. He was also elected to Evesham Rural District Council in 1955. He served on several committees and was Chairman of the Housing Committee in 1958. He was also on various charity committees and a School Governor.

He was a keen member of Broadway Cricket Club and rose from Teaboy in 1933 to Chairman in 1960. He negotiated the renting of the cricket ground before the club eventually bought it. He was also a member of the Football Club.

In 1963 ill-health and a wish for better education opportunities for his children led to a move to Eastbourne which had been a popular family holiday venue, Here he joined the Dental Estimates Board and investigated dentists who were trying to defraud the NHS. He continued playing cricket for the DEB and also qualified as an Umpire in the district. Maurice became a voluntary worker at the Citizen's Advice Bureau in Eastbourne and also joined RAFA and other local societies.

He left the DEB in 1968 and had some part-time jobs until the early 1970s when, with both children starting their own lives, he and Eira returned to the Cotswolds and finally settled in Willersey.

Now fully retired, he became Clerk of Willersey Parish Council in 1979 that began 33 unbroken years of service as Clerk, Councillor and Chairman. Just two of the many issues he was involved with were the flooding problems in Willersey and the weight restriction for lorries in the village. He also set up the Willersey Forum where inhabitants could come to raise queries and discuss matters as well as setting up a welcome booklet for people moving into the village. He was very proud that he had not missed a meeting until the very end.

Maurice also keenly supported Willersey Footlights and Wednesday Club. He belonged to the British Legion, RAFA and was President of the Evesham Branch of Burma Star. Along with his wife, Eira, he attended many Remembrance Services including two march-pasts at the Cenotaph. He continued his connection with CAB by helping to set up the Evesham branch. He was also Village Correspondent for the Evesham Journal.

Maurice, along with Eira, attended many funerals of local people and ex-service personnel sometimes being virtually the only mourners - as he felt it so important to recognise the life of each person.

He was greatly influenced by his mother, Mary, to help others as well as the extended family. She had not only raised a large family and taken in washing to help ends meet but had helped at births around Broadway and lay out those who died as well as helping other villagers in many other ways. Maurice wanted to help ‘ordinary folk’ and did this in many ways offering advice, when sought, and applying for help from organisations were just two of them. All of this in total confidence and much remains unknown.

Maurice also managed to research his family tree back to the C15th and held a lot of information regarding the history of Willersey and Broadway, giving many talks to local groups.

Due rewards, though not sought after, came in Maurice's later life. He received Maundy money from the Queen in 2003 at Gloucester Cathedral. Although being on the border of Worcestershire and Gloucestershire had its drawbacks for some Parish Council matters, it did mean that he was put forward by both Councils and went to two Garden Parties at the Palace! The proudest day, however, came in 2007 when he received the MBE from Prince Charles and had a brief conversation with him about Lord Mountbatten.

In 2012 ill health forced him to curtail all activities though he maintained his interest in them. He and Eira moved to Mill House Care Home in Chipping Campden at Christmas 2013 where they were wonderfully cared for until each passed away. They also received excellent care over the years from their GPs in Mickleton, Broadway and Campden as well as at various local NHS Hospitals.

Maurice was a devoted husband, a wonderful father, a proud grandfather and also proud to come from the Cotswolds but, above all, he was a good, caring, gentle man.

Christine Dalton (daughter).
March 2016

Maurice and Eira

From the Cotswold Journal of Friday 9th March 2012
Friends and family turned out in force to ensure a double celebration for Willersey couple Maurice and Eira Andrews was a party to remember as they celebrated their 65th wedding anniversary yesterday, while it was Mrs Andrews' 90th birthday on Friday, February 24th 2012.

Mr and Mrs Andrews decided to hold one big party to mark the two events, and so about 85 people packed into the village hall last Saturday to raise a toast to the couple. Mr Andrews, who is chairman of Willersey Parish Council, was born and grew up in the Broadway area. He met his wife-to-be after returning to England at the end of the Second World War after serving with the RAF. He ended up being posted to the same location as Mrs Andrews, who had grown up in London but had just returned from serving with the Women's Airforce (WAF) in Belgium.

They married in Luton before moving back to Broadway in 1947. In 1962 Mr Andrews' work took them to Eastbourne, but they returned to the familiar surrounds of Broadway about six years later and then moved to Willersey in 1979. They have a son and daughter, David and Christine, who helped them celebrate on Saturday, as well as three grandchildren.

The couple are well-known locally, with Mr Andrews having formerly served on both Broadway Parish and Evesham Rural District Councils. Journal readers will also recognise Mr Andrews as a long term contributor it was only at the end of January that he retired as a village correspondent, having covered the Broadway area since as far back as 1959. Mr Andrews believes the secret of their long-lasting marriage is a little give and take. “I think it's that and also looking to help the community rather than yourselves and your own,” he said.

A Tragic Coincidence
My father, Maurice Andrews, late of Willersey, Gloucestershire, was very interested in family history and amassed considerable records. One of his ancestors of whom he was most proud was his Uncle, Harry Andrews (1890 1917). Harry was born in Willersey and prior to joining up, worked as a farm labourer and also worked with the heavy wagons that took timber to the sawmills.
He served as a Private (12106) in the 5th Battalion, King's Shropshire Light Infantry and joined on 3rd September 1914. He was injured by shrapnel in February 1916 and invalided back to England with trench feet in June 1916. Harry fought at the Battle of Loos and went out five times under heavy fire to bring in wounded . At the Battle of Arras he was killed, aged 27, on April 9th 1917 by enemy rifle fire while advancing on the third enemy trench. It was Easter Monday and the weather was atrocious rain and hail turning into snow. Harry was laid to rest in Tilloy British Cemetery near Arras. His nephew and my father's brother, Harry Andrews (who had been named after him as he was born three months after his death) visited the grave and also did research at the Regimental Museum in Shrewsbury.

I thought that was the whole story but, as happens with family history, another strand to the story appeared. My father only really concentrated on researching the direct line of the family. However he did have a file of connected family members that he collected on the way and which he meant to look into when he had more time. Sadly, that didn't happen. I have been carrying on his work and extending out the family tree by recording siblings of the direct line so his file was extremely useful. In it was a sheet from a pamphlet produced by a member of the Gazey family Harry's maternal line. Someone obviously did a lot of research and regularly produced these pamphlets to circulate amongst that family but sadly I couldn't find their name on it. If anyone can put me in touch with this researcher then I would be most grateful.

On this sheet was a record of William Alfred Gazey, Private (52499) 4th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers. He was the son of Alfred John and Elizabeth Gazey who lived in Stratford upon Avon. The next bit stopped me in my tracks for he was also killed on April 9th 1917 and is also buried at Tilloy! I was then eager to see if there was a connection between them and started trawling through the Internet records of births, marriages, deaths and censuses. This is what I found:
We need to go back to the 1800s to find George Gazey, born about 1804 in Saintbury, near Willersey. George was a stockman and shepherd who was married twice. He had four children with his first wife, Mary Gardener, but she sadly died in 1845 from a ‘disease of the brain, seven years certified’. Their second son, William, married Ann Smith and they moved from Saintbury to the Stratford upon Avon area where he was a farm labourer. They then had a son, Alfred John Gazey, who married Elizabeth Harrington Warren and they are the parents of William Alfred who is George Gazey's Great-grandson. George's second wife was Harriett Clements and their fifth child, Harriett Gazey, married William Thomas Andrews who were the parents of Harry Andrews. Harry was George's Grandson. I therefore believe that Harry and William are something like step cousins.

I have no way of knowing how well they knew each other; if they knew they were fighting so close to each other or if the two families even heard the tragic news of each other. Certainly my father didn't mention it in fact, he hadn't discovered George and Mary's son, William, at all in his researches. His brother, Harry, also didn't refer to William in any researches he did or when visiting Tilloy Cemetery. My only caveat is that although I have been over the research several times, it is possible there might be an error but I don't think so. I am really glad that I have discovered this new evidence, as I will be visiting France on the centenary of the Battle of Arras in April 2017. I had already planned to visit Harry's grave as my father had wanted to go but didn't get round to it so it is partly in his memory as well. However I can now go and visit both graves and put a cross on both on behalf of all their descendants.
Christine Dalton

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Freda King 1915 - 2016

A Remarkable Life in Willersey

Freda King, our indomitable grandmother, celebrated her 100th birthday in August 2015. She lived her entire life in this wonderful village of Willersey not without hardship, but with much love and laughter too.

Born at Homeleigh, opposite the Village Hall, during the First World War, she was the 8th of 11 children born to Tom and Emily Proctor. Their names are Nellie, Rod, Ruby, Jessie, Florence, Janet, Doreen, Freda, Harry, Edgar and Ena. At that time Homeleigh was a farm with fields behind (where Hays and Collin Close now lie) where she worked hard herding cows and delivering milk from an early age to villagers and to the railway at Willersey Halt by the bridge in Badsey Lane to be taken to market. It was also home to white ducks who enjoyed the pond and came back each night. This is something we would love to see again.

One of her earliest memories is the tarmacadam road being laid through the village and getting stuck in it and playing with friends Joan Andrews and Lily Kilby on the greens. She attended Willersey School until she was 14 and had her left hand tied to the desk for most of her school years. Consequently she was unable to join in many of the activities with the other children.

She married Pat King in 1939 and was a loving mother to Anne and Josie, grandmother to Elizabeth, Lucy, Dominic and Christopher and has five great grand children.

Freda lived happily in the cottage next to the shop for over 72 years. Barely five feet tall, she was a force of a woman. She lived through the depression, two world wars, rationing and had seen so many changes.

She taught herself to drive, raised a family and became proficient at weaving on a hand loom (not a mean feat for her size) to name a few. She was one of those women you would want by your side, loyal and capable. She casually told of walking through the village to find the midwife, while in labour, in the middle of the night with her first child Anne on her back and bombers overhead.

Living through hard times and losing the love of her life Pat, too soon after he returned from the war gave her a resilience not to be underestimated. Her longevity is testament to the fact that she was tough both mentally and physically. Age however did not dull the sparkle in her eyes and she continued to support and care for her family and make us laugh. We celebrated her wonderful years in Willersey, with all her friends joining her for 100th birthday celebrations on Sunday 23rd August 2015 in Willersey Village Hall.

Freda was the oldest surviving resident who was born and brought up in the village. She was delighted to have celebrated her 100th birthday last year with all her family and friends. It was her greatest wish to end her life peacefully in her cottage in Willersey and that wish was granted on the 27th February 2016.

“The life of one we love is never lost .... her influence goes on through all the lives she ever touched.”

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Philip James Gould - Memories of his time at school - Tuesday 25th Feb 2014

Mr Gould has kindly let us share his memories of his time at Willersey School:

I was born in Willersey in 1928 and lived with my parents and my brother in Cheltenham Cottages (known by all as ‘Little Cheltenham’) on the Broadway Road. In 1931 just before I was 4 years of age my two cousins, Marjorie Southern (later Mrs Bate) and Eileen (later Mrs. Burrows) who lived in the next cottage took me to my first school day at Willersey Church of England School and I remained at school there until 1939 when I went to Chipping Campden Grammar School. The school had three classrooms with a central cloakroom, the playground area was rather limited with a small brick paved area at the side and another small area at the rear where there was a toilet block.

I remember an overgrown area between the school and Ley Orchard which at that time was a grass field between the school boundary and Saintbury Road with still a few fruit trees from the original orchard. The older boys were given the task of clearing the area and laying an ash base to create a larger area for ball games.

The children attending the school came from the village and from outer areas. I recall Bert Dyde who lived in a farm opposite the Dormy Guest house and the family from ‘Guns cottages’ plus Bert Newman from Saintbury and the Bruton family from Willersey Fields. All of them walked to school. There was no school bus or other transport.

The staff at that time and during my time at the school were Mr F.Z.Stephens the headmaster, affectionately know to us all as ‘Freddie’, but never in his hearing, Miss Beak who travelled daily from Bengeworth Evesham in her little Austin 7 who looked after the infants and junior class and Miss Edmunds who cycled daily from Stanway and took the middle class. We also had regular visits from the vicar as we were a church school. The school bell would summon all the pupils at the start of the day and we quickly found that if it started ringing when you were at the end of Church Lane there was time to run to arrive in time.

The building was much as I recall it was when I last visited with the roaring fire in the big room which was used in winter to warm the school milk. The ⅓rd pint bottles were delivered by Mr Ingles. It is not until later in life that one appreciates the value of education in early years but each classroom obviously had pupils of considerably varied academic ability yet everyone received a good educational grounding. In the top class we even had a form of art appreciation when we were given prints of old masters and had to comment on the content. The result of the excellent teaching was that a considerable number of the pupils passed the Scholarship (later known as ‘The 11 plus’) although not many parents took up the offer of a place I was fortunate that my parents did let me attend at Campden.

A pupils involvement with the school did not end after leaving.(which was then 14 years of age) because I know that Mr Stephens arranged for me to gain employment with the Post Office in a combined capacity as a postman for Snowshill and counter clerk in the Broadway office in 1944. I know he also used his influence to help many others.

I regularly kept in touch with the school and staff by visits whilst serving in the army and later during my service in the Oxford City Police. The young people of Willersey and Saintbury were very lucky to have a local school with such dedicated staff who served the village for two or three generations of families.

Philip James Gould

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James Sollis January 1970 Memories of my boyhood days in Willersey.

I, Percy James Solis was born March to 27th 1886 and lived with my grandfather and grandmother George and Elizabeth Sollis at the top of the village looking straight down the village street. Grandmother was the village nurse or midwife.

My first memories are from the time I started at school. I remember going down the Causeway and stood and cried until grandmother came and took me to the school. Miss Jane Hawling was the teacher in the beginners room. I did not make very good headway for quite a while. After moving into Miss Tennant's room, I made much better progress. I think she had a soft spot for me and she usually sent me on errands such as going over to Broadway where she lived and sometimes to Chipping Campden to the doctors for medicine for some of the residents. Well my school days started in 1890 aged 4 and finished in 1897 age 11. Some of the years were very happy ones. I remember our games used to play in Church Lane like marbles, hockey with homemade sticks and then the games of leapfrog. Also more sacks on the mill and the old granary steps opposite to the school.

As a boy I was in the church choir. Mr Johnny Andrews was the organist and choir leader. The Reverend C.O.Bartlett was director at that time and a very fine man. I remember his two ponies and carriage and Scotch terrier dogs. I well remember the day the choir went to Chelltenham on a picnic with two horses. We had a break and a rest at Winchcombe for the horses and we arrived at Cheltenham in Montpellier gardens. We had a wonderful day. Downtown in the afternoon, outside of a tobacconist shop there was a Scots Highlander model. This was quite a novel to us boys. Imagine my surprise when visiting Chelltenham 73 years later to see the same model outside the shop but it did not appear as large to me as when a boy.

I remember one night Jim Inglis was sleeping me with me and we kept sliding to the floor when it got light in the morning. I discovered one of the legs of the bed had gone through the floor.

I well remember the concerts with the Christmas tree and the dip in the bran barrel for the prizes - what fun. Also the magic lantern Lantern shows in the old school house. This was exciting until it went out of order and sitting in the dark until it got fixed again.

The Willersey wake then was on the 24th of June. Sure we had to save our pennies for this event. There were curtisies, roundabouts, swings and shooting galleries. Coconuts to throw at and the stalls with ginger and brandy snaps and Banbury cakes. They sure were good.

Another outstanding event was the day into Evesham in the carrier's cart operated once a week by Johnny Inglis. I think it was sixpence return. I always looked forward to lunch in the little caf in the arcade at Bridge and High Streets. Johnny Inglis would do shopping for different people. This included steel bars for the blacksmith W. Willis fastened on the side of the cart.

Then the Stratford mop or bull roast in September with the hiring of help for the farms for Michaelmas day. The steers being roasted out on the street in front of their hotels and the chef with his white coat and hat large carving knife and fork slicing it off for the customers. But my cash only allowed a barn with a sausage. There were the shows with the stage outside and the man swallowing the red hot sticks - what exciting things. Then to the station and train to Honeybourne and four miles walk home at the end of a wonderful day.

Boxing Day and rabbit coursing at the Fish Inn. I think the hounds met there. The people from the villages with their dogs for this event. Quite often a little scrap came up over the results.
Another exciting thing was going over to Broadway to rent a bicycle for an hour which cost about 2 pence. I remember renting one for a few days to ride to Birmingham. Everything was fine until I came to a sharp bend in the road and a down grade where a herd of cows came into sight. What a critical moment. I could not stop so picked out the friendliest looking cow to tangle with. She used me very good except for a scratch or two and a little dust. I was able to continue on my day with no more trouble.

Another outstanding event was when about 10 or 11 years old I made a trip to London. We had killed a pig so a basket was packed with faggots and other parts. I went to Honeybourne and took the train to Paddington Station which stopped at all the stations so it was a long journey. We arrived in Paddington about 4:30pm where cousin Lizzie met me and we took a bus drawn by horses. I had a seat on the top deck. What a sight going through The Strand and thew other busy streets after our quiet village. We arrived at the Elephant and Castle where Uncle Jack lived. He worked for the London Omnibus company looking after the horses in stables under Waterloo Station. He used to change the horses every few hours. I went with Uncle Jack the next morning to the stables and wandered around different places on my own. I went over Tower Bridge to Covent Garden Market. The one thing I remember so well, especially after being warned by some in the village that city folk may do you down was my surprise after going into a shop to purchase a present, price threepence, and presenting my two shilling piece, to arrive outside with two separate shillings and threepence. This was a mistake of course. I considered myself a very smart village boy. What a lot I had to tell my boyfriends back in the village of my adventures in the big city.

Well the time came to start work at age eleven. First work was Mr. John Knight - a very fine man. He had a farm and threshing outfit. How I looked forward to running that engine and keeping it supplied with water and coal. It was moved to different places with horses but that chaff cutter was operated by hand and not much fun. Another big event was taking a load of sack wheat to the Vale of Evesham Flour mills. The horses had there manes platted with straw worked in and the brass shone up. Also I remember hauling stone from Willersey Quarry for the roads. Two horses and cart with a sled behind loaded to help hold the cart back when going down a very steep part of the Hill.

After working on the farm for two years, I went to work for Will Castle and Jim Collett in market gardening. I drove the horses and trap to Littleton and Badsey station with produce for some of the villagers. One day the station master asked me if I would like a job as a porter. This was an important job for me. In a few days I was rigged up with G.W.R. uniform as a porter putting the baggage on the passenger trains and of course a few tips for this. After about three years, I was moved to South Wales, Newport and Cardiff. As time went on I was working as a guard on passenger trains, with my flag and whistle. With my buttons all shone up I felt like a very important man.

A few years later I grew restless and at age 21 in 1907 decided to leave for Canada. Here I followed in the transportation business in Vancouver B.C. until 1957. I married in 1920 and had a family of four daughters and one son. I now have 13 grandchildren.

After 62 years away from the old homeland. I started thinking a lot about the old village and decided I would like to see it again. In May 1969, my wife and I made a trip back. What a thrill to be able to walk the old streets once again, go to the old schoolhouse and Church and to meet old friends again. For me there has been very little change and it was still my old boyhood home.

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My life in Willersey in the late 19th century by A Mary Heath.

I was born in 1891 in Harvey's Farm which is now known as Sycamore House. There were about 80 houses in the village now there are as many council houses. It was a very quiet spot, with scarcely any traffic except for vehicles carrying workers to and from the 11 village farms. Now only one remains as a farm Lower Fields Farm. Willersey Hill is now the Dormy Guest House. Top Farm was sold in lots. The house was pulled down and rebuilt as before with the addition of a wing and is now Willersey House. White House Farm is mostly fruit. Jordans Farm was sold in lots as were Ninds Farm and Warners Farm next to the school. Poll Farm and Harveys were both sold and the latter pulled down to build what is now Bedale. Condicoup is the only one I'm not sure about.

The cottages were very poor and had no water or drainage. Some had wells in the garden, otherwise the water had to be carried in from one of the six iron stand pipes in the street. Most of the men worked on the farms. I can remember when 12s 6d and a house was the wage. They worked long hours and took pride in the animals. Their wives went to work on the land and also did glove making to bring in the extra money needed to feed their large families. The women wore starched bonnets and long dark dresses.

The roads in my day were very rough and terribly muddy in winter. We have to play in the lanes as there were no playgrounds. We had to wear strong high boots and always wore white pinafores to school. There was no transport only the carrier's cart which went to Evesham every Monday. It was a high sprung trap with a waterproof cover and it was always packed. You had to sit on benches on each side as the middle was always full of parcels and boxes of eggs and live poultry. Very few people went farther than Evesham. Anyone wanting to had to walk to Honeybourne or get the train at Evesham.

It was a great day when the railway line was opened to Cheltenham as we had spent many hours watching it being laid. Everyone was thrilled when the school all went on drays to Broadway station and then on the train to Stratford as very few had been on a train in their lives. We had to make our own pleasures in those days and one of those was a maypole which we tried to make every year.

Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee was a holiday and we celebrated with a sit down dinner of roast beef and Christmas pudding. There was loads of food, barrels of beer and cider. The huge joints were well cooked in the bakehouse ovens and a large tent was erected on the green by the farmers with their rick sheets. I have a photograph taken by the rector the Reverent C O Bartlett who was a jolly man and joined in all the village activities. Both he and his wife were very musical. She was the organist but if she was ill he had to do the whole service himself. He loved a concert and I'm sure if it could have been recorded it would still raise a laugh today as none of the singers knew a note of music.

A common village visitor had the first free-wheel bike. In those days the tyres were solid rubber. No one could understand why he didn't have to pedal all the time. A lantern show he held was so good that nobody minded when they came out with black faces from the smoky lamp.

The old midwife, Betsy Sollis, was a dear old soul. She always wore a large white apron and a curtain bonnet. She dressed a sore foot for me when I was 6, with a lily leaf straight from the garden. My foot got better in spite of it! Another amazing cure was a dirty cobweb I saw put on a badly cut hand.

The blacksmith's shop which stood where the seat and chestnut tree are now, was built and tiled with stone. The old blacksmith was a sour man and the boys used to tease him. The language he used to them and the horses was terrible.

The village crier was very smart in his top hat ringed with a yellow band. We used to try and stay awake to hear him come round on Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve. He would ring his bell three times and shout “arise, arise” so everyone could make their plum puddings and mince pies at about 2:00am. He always passed comment on the weather.

The bakehouse made bread for the local villages and delivered it on a horse and cart similar to the carriers. A pound loaf cost 2d then, though many people made their own. I still remember the lovely smell in our kitchen on baking days. The oven was a huge brick affair heated with faggot wood. When the bread came out, pies, tarts and cakes were put in. There was enough to last the week. The flour was from our own wheat which the miller collected every week. We had our own butter, milk, cream, eggs and poultry. There was no tinned food in those days. The butcher and grocer delivered once a week and collected any butter we made. There was no proper shop nearer than Broadway, and we hardly knew what sweets were.

The doctor lived in Broadway and always rode a mare called Maudie. I often saw an expectant father pacing up and down with her when the baby was arriving.

Every time a car came by we used to run out to have a look. I remember going to Stratford with some friends in a car and doing about 20mph. I think that was as fast as they could go in those days. There used to be a motor cycle trials on the hill and although the riders used to pedal like map, they rarely got to the top.

There was no work on Sunday except milking and feeding the animals. Most of the farmers went to Church in the morning and their wives went at night.

The old Gloucestershire dialect has died out, although a few of the old ones still use it a little. I remember one old woman who had an uncanny way of forecasting the weather. Everyone used to ask her what the weather was going to be like but I don't know how often she was right. Her brother was a roadman who spent most of his time sitting in a pile of stones cracking them with various sizes of hammers, all with long handles. The greens were not mown but the animals kept the grass down. The pool was usually green. The children could play safely in the roads during the summer if they could see for dust after a trap went by.

I wish I knew more about the old silk mill which belonged to my Grandfather who died in 1874. It was not in use after that. The cottage now called Little Cot was the drying room for the silk as my cousin told me.
The brides were able to show their dresses which were often quite plain and tight fitting. They reached the ground and had high boots of course. The Post Office was very small. The postman brought the mail from Broadway and he also delivered to Weston Subedge and Saintbury. He called for our letters on his way back. He had to walk for many years before they provided him with a bicycle. He used a hand cart at Christmas.

Jordans Farm had eight very strong cart horses, which were used for timber hauling. They used to bring home two loads every evening, take them to Espleys of Evesham the next morning and then go up the hills to collect loads for the next day.

The Wake on June 24th was a great affair. All the greens were covered with vans, stalls and coconut shies each side of the street. The swings and roundabout were pulled about by a pony. People came from all the villages round about and it was one day in the year that we saw a policeman. The noise was terrible and there were usually fights.

My father went to school in a little thatched cottage which stands by itself just below the pool. The master was a tailor and used to sit cross legged on a table working while the boys stood around reading. One boy upset him so he hit out at him. The boy ducked and the old man fell backwards off the table. They were all punished for laughing. He was one of the lads who when the railway was opened to Worcester, walked to Honeybourne Station to ride through the tunnel to Campden. They then had to walk home again.

Housework was really hard using only brooms and brushes. Floors, tables, everything had to be scrubbed. Grates were black leaded. Any brass items and steel fenders were cleaned with brick dust. Furniture was cleaned with beeswax and turpentine. Washing had to be rubbed and boiled. There were no powders, only soda. Irons were heated in the fire. We had oil lamps and candles until long after the 1914 war. Before then we sold milk at 1 d a pint and 2d a quart. For skimmed butter the price was 1s per pound. My sister and I had a very happy childhood and I wouldn't wish to live it differently in the present times.

Haymaking was a busy time for us all. We had a mowing machine and a horse rake, but otherwise it was just manual labour. After school and during the holidays we used to go and help turn the hay and take large gallon tins of tea. We also helped to turn the handles of the chaff and mangold cutter. All the animals' food was mixed together on the floor of the barn. Cider making was a thing we did not help with except to sample it sometimes to our regret. No one has days off or holidays but we were quite content.

Alice Mary Heath

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Sir George Pinker 1924 - 2007

Sir George Pinker

Sir George Douglas Pinker, obstetrician and gynaecologist, born December 6th 1924; died April 29th 2007

Sir George Douglas Pinker, who died aged 82, was a kindly, discreet, charming and courte-ous obstetrician who was appointment surgeon-gynaecologist to the Queen. He had no pretensions. He was trustworthy and a ‘safe pair of hands’ who knew when to call in additional help. He held the post from 1973 to 1990. During this time he delivered the Princess of Wales of her two sons, and attended at the birth of nine royal babies: Earl of Ulster; Lady Rose Windsor; Lady Davina Windsor; Lord Frederick Windsor; Lady Gabriella Windsor; Peter Phillips; Zara Phillips; Prince William; and Prince Harry. All of these births took place at St. Mary's Hospital, Paddington, a significant break with royal tradition as all prior royal births had taken place at a royal residence.

When Diana threw herself down the stairs at Sandringham in January 1982 when three months pregnant with William, he attended, and found that although she was badly bruised, her baby was uninjured. Pinker had been under pressure from the Princess to induce labour, but insisted: “Birth is a natural process and should be treated as such.” Princess Diana had a difficult labour the following June. It lasted 16 hours and at one stage Pinker and his medical team considered performing an emergency Caesarean section, but in the event the Princess gave birth naturally to a boy weighing 7 lb 10 oz.

Pinker was appointed in 1973 on the retirement of Sir John Peel, the previous incumbent. He was 48 and the youngest person to be given the post. The Queen had completed her family by then, but a year later Pinker attended the Duchess of Gloucester, who gave birth to a son, the Earl of Ulster. The baby's arrival took everyone by surprise: at 4pm that afternoon the Duch-ess had been in the House of Lords watching her husband take the oath as a new peer. By 1am her child had been born. Two years later he delivered Princess Anne of her son Peter Phillips after a six-hour labour, and looked after the Duchess of Kent when, aged 44, she miscarried at five months. Pinker's prescription for a normal pregnancy was simple: “Lead as normal a life as possible without indulging in excesses, neither eating for two nor walking two miles a day if you are not used to it.” He was a keen advocate of more medical research into miscarriage. During moves to-wards more natural births in the 1970s, he argued that “it is very important for mothers to ac-cept modern medical assistance and not to feel guilty if they need an epidural or a Caesarean.” In 1964 he and several distinguished colleagues founded the Childbirth Research Centre. Changing its name to Birthright in 1972, it is now Wellbeing of Women. Diana, Princess of Wales, became a patron in 1984.

In 1978 he gave his full backing to the world's first test-tube baby, Louise Brown. On Woman's Hour he said he thought there were no ethical problems and offered his whole-hearted support to the technique, although he thought it would take years before it became readily available to women.

Pinker was born in Calcutta the second son of Queenie Elizabeth n e Dix and Ronald Doug-las Pinker, a horticulturist who worked for Suttons Seeds for 40 years, and headed the bulb and flower department for 25 years. His older brother Kenneth Hubert was born in Reading on 15th September 1919. From 1928 aged four, George was educated at The Reading School and from there went to St Mary's hospital medical school, Paddington, qualifying in 1947. As a student in 1946, when the Music Society put on its first post-war production The Mikado, he sang one of the leading roles in his fine baritone voice.and he is reputed to have turned down an offer from the D'Oyly Carte Opera. Queen Elizabeth, the wife of George VI attended the performance as patron of both the hospital and the medical school, accompanied by the two young princesses, Elizabeth and Margaret.

Following house jobs he served in the Royal Army Medical Corps in the Far East, where he did much of his specialist training in obstetrics. He was President of the Old Redingensians Association in 1985. He remained closely attached to St Mary's for the rest of his career. He did house jobs there and later, delivered his private patients, including royalty, in the hospital's Lindo wing. He was consultant obstetrician and gynaecologist there and at the Samaritan hospital from 1958 to 1990, and also consulted at the Middlesex Hospital for women in Soho, Bolingbroke hos-pital in Battersea, and the Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford.

He was appointed to fellowship of three medical royal colleges - Surgeons of Edinburgh 1957, Surgeons of London 1989, and Obstetricians and Gynaecologists 1964. He was presi-dent of the last from 1987 to 1990, and previously served as its honorary treasurer, when he founded the college's charitable arm, the Birth Right (now called Wellbeing of Women). He contributed to many books including Diseases of Women by Ten Teachers (1964), Obstetrics by Ten Teachers (1964), A Short Textbook of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (1967), Preparing for Pregnancy (1990) and Clinical Gynaecological Oncology (1990). He was a past president of the British Fertility Society and supported the research that led to the birth in 1997 of Louise Brown, the first test-tube baby.

In 1986 Alvada Kooken, a convicted American killer who escaped from mental hospital nurses with a revenge hit list that included Princess Diana's gynaecologist Sir George Pinker, was arrested wandering in a London hotel. Kooken gave six nurses the slip during a day trip for 17 Broadmoor maximum-security mental hospital patients, including killers and psychopaths.She caught a train to London and evaded capture for more than 24 hours, although her picture had appeared on the front page of many national dailies and on television. As well as a nationwide hunt, her escape sparked a round-the-clock police bodyguard for Dr. George Pinker. Police said Kooken's escape forced Pinker, to keep his movements secret and to hire extra bodyguards for his home, office and family.

He was an examiner in obstetrics and gynaecology at several universities. In his retirement, from 1992 to 1995, he was president of the Royal Society of Medicine. He was appointed CVO in 1983 and KCVO in 1990, when he retired from the royal household. He loved music and had a huge knowledge of opera. He became assistant concert director of the Reading Symphony Orchestra, and then in 1988 vice-president of the London Choral Society. He was a keen skier, sailor, gardener and fell-walker.

His married Dorothy Emma Russell, a former nurse in London 0n 31st March 1951. She died in 2003. In his last years George was disabled by Parkinson's disease and partial blindness. Pinker died in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. A Memorial Service was held in October 2007 at St Marylebone Church, London, attended by the Duchess of Gloucester and Queen Anne-Marie of Greece. In August 2008 it was reported that he left nearly £1.5million in his will to his four children, Catherine & Ian (twins), Robert and William. He also requested that eight of his close friends be treated to a weekend break at the Lygon Arms, a 16th Century hotel in Broadway near his home in Sycamore House, Willersey.

Sir George Pinker succeeded Sir John Peel as surgeon gynaecologist to the Queen in 1973. He later shared with Peel the unique distinction of also becoming president of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. These totally dissimilar appointments reflected Pinker's unique qualities both as a widely respected clinical obstetrician and gynaecologist and his commitment to the wider aspects of service to medicine.

Born in Calcutta and educated in Reading, he entered St Mary's Hospital Medical School in 1942. He was active as a student in reviving the musical society which had atrophied during the second world war, and with his fine baritone voice sang one of the leading roles in its first post war production, the Mikado. Such was the quality of this production that he and two other students were offered professional contracts with the D'Oyly Carte Company. Fortunately for medicine he declined the offer, but his love, knowledge, and understanding of music, particularly opera (and especially Wagner), continued throughout his life. This was reflected in his becoming assistant concert director of Reading Symphony Orchestra and then vice president of the London Choral Society in 1988. After qualifying he held resident appointments in the department of obstetrics and gynaecology at St Mary's under three renowned specialists: Alec Bourne (an elegant, well-mannered man of academic brilliance with left wing political views and a very strong social conscience), Douglas Macleod (a highly literate, cultured, and artistic master surgeon), and Leslie Williams (a jovial, blustering obstetrician who was a brilliant didactic teacher). Pinker always paid tribute to this distinguished trio for starting him on his chosen career. After national service as captain in the Royal Army Medical Corps in Singapore he continued his training in leading hospitals in Oxford and London before obtaining, at the tender age of 33, a consultant appointment in the hospital he loved, St Mary's, Paddington, which included the Samaritan Hospital for Women. Afterwards he accepted an appointment at the Bolingbroke Hospital (1960-70) and later in his career at the Soho Hospital for Women and King Edward VII Hospital for Officers (1974-89).

One of Pinker's most significant spheres of influence was with the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. It was as treasurer between 1970 and 1977 that he played a key role in the creation of its charity research arm, initially known as Birthright but later as Well Being of Women. He was instrumental in persuading Diana, Princess of Wales, to become patron of Birthright, an appointment which electrified its fund raising activities. The post of treasurer was followed by vice president (1980-3), and thereafter Sir George served as president from 1987 to1990. In 1987 Pinker was one of the three English royal college presidents who drew public and government attention to the underfunding of the NHS with a letter to the Times which played a significant role in prompting the Thatcher government to conduct an NHS review, introduce the internal market, and put in place yet another of what has become an endless series of changes in NHS management structure.

His appointment as surgeon gynaecologist to the Queen and the royal household was one he held with great pride and discretion, and he supervised nine royal births. All of these occurred at the Lindo Wing, St Mary's, rather than at a royal residence, and it was this historic break with tradition that illustrated his guiding principal that the welfare and safety of all his patients, royal, private, or NHS, were his non-negotiable priorities. He was appointed a CVO in 1983 and a KCVO in 1990. Pinker had a large private practice. One of his patients organised a 70th birthday celebration for him in 1994 at Grosvenor House in London. No less than two queens, two princesses, and one duchess attended this function.

He held visiting appointments and was awarded travelling lectureships in Africa and Australia, as well as examining widely both in the United Kingdom and abroad. Honorary fellowships were given to him by the equivalent postgraduate colleges of South Africa, Australia, and the United States. He found time to coauthor two undergraduate textbooks, serve as chief medical officer to BUPA, and serve on the council of the Winston Churchill Trust. He remained immensely loyal to St Mary's and took his responsibilities as a teaching hospital consultant very seriously. He was a fine teacher, and many generations of students, house officers, and registrars held him in great affection and gratitude. His support and friendship to his colleagues never faltered throughout his career. Never flamboyant or superior, he gave time to everybody who approached him, and it was no small wonder that he was not renowned for punctuality or getting home in time for supper! One would have thought that Pinker would have no time for recreation left, but he loved sailing, skiing, and fell walking. He was a keen and knowledgeable gardener, as learnt from his father, a horticulturist who worked for Sutton's Seeds for 40 years and headed the bulb and flower department for 25 years.

Sir George's final appointment was as president of the Royal Society of Medicine in1992. By this time symptoms of his long disabling illness were becoming apparent, but he still continued to host meetings and chair committees with his customary charm, diplomacy, and talent for finding a compromise solution when there were marked differences of opinion. His last 10 years at his Cotswold cottage in Willersey were marred by his and his wife Dorothy's ill health. Despite his own disability, he cared for Dorothy with selfless devotion until her death in 2003. Alone, wheelchair bound, and with failing eyesight, he still loved visitors, conversation, gossip over a pub lunch, and, above all, music. His stoicism in adversity was as remarkable as were the many triumphs of his medical career. He is survived by three sons and a daughter.

Sir George Pinker, surgeon gynaecologist to the Queen, president Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (b 1924; q St Mary's, London, 1947; KCVO, FRCS, FRCSEd, FRCOG), died on 29 April 2007 from Parkinson's disease shortly after a laparotomy for an acute abdomen.
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Miss Mary (Molly) Biggs 1908 - 1979

Mary Biggs Willersey on milkround

Miss Mary Biggs was born in 1908 and finished her education at Somerville College, Oxford. Somerville is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford and was founded in 1879 as Somerville Hall. It was one of the first women's colleges in Oxford. The first male students were admitted to the college in 1994. All Oxford colleges now take both male and female students.

Mary came to Willersey during the Second World War and worked for Mr Harry Ingles on the milk round, picking fruit and doing secretarial work. Her first Willersey home was Pool Cottage and later she moved to Walnut Cottage. Molly, as she was known to her friends had a quiet, smiling, gentle manner and was a great friend to the Village. She hand wrote a diary and scrapbook for a national Women's Institute competition where Willersey came third.

Mary Biggs had a great love of the Village and the community. She was a member of the Parish council and the W.I. and involved herself with many local charitable activities. She was very concerned that the village greens should not disappear under motor cars and was saddened at the development of Nind's Farm buildings into private dwellings. She would have preferred them to be used partly as a local craft centre, but that was not to be.

Mary (Molly) Biggs is remembered lovingly by many. She died in 1979 and her memorial stone is to be found in St Peter's churchyard.

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Miss Nancy Hewins 1902 - 1978

Nancy Hewins and Ladder    Nancy Hewins and Rolls Royce

Margaret Nancy Hewins (14th February 1902 to 17th January 1978) was a British theatre director and actress. She lived in the Long House in Main Street in Willersey. She founded the first all-woman theatre troupe who toured the UK presenting Shakespeare particularly to schools.

Nancy Hewins was born in London. Her parents were Margaret and William Hewins. She had a brother and a sister. Her godmother was Beatrice Webb the social reformer who coined the term collective bargaining. Beatrice was among the founders of the London School of Economics and played a crucial role in forming the Fabian Society. (Nancy's father had been appointed to be the director of the London School of Economics in 1895 by Sidney Webb.

Nancy became interested in the theatre while she was at St Hugh's College in Oxford. In 1924 she graduated and set up an amateur theatre company called Isis after the name in Oxford of the River Thames. She founded the first British professional all-woman set of players named “Osiris” in 1927 and was helped by £40 which Lord Rothermere gave her to help. Rothermere was a friend of her father.

The troupe toured in two Rolls-Royces because Hewins said that they were big enough to take them and their props and they were reliable. They toured the UK presenting Shakespeare plays particularly to schools. The troupe was never larger than seven women and they were both the actors and the crew. The troupe would sleep on the floor of village halls as the budget never stretched to paying for board and lodging. She had a few actors who were the core of the troupe but most would be employed for a couple of years and then they would be replaced as they could not endure the conditions of the employment. The troupe never received grants but survived on its own fortunes. Hewins would occasionally take work as a lighting expert for other productions. She worked for pageants and for the director Edy Craig. Others found Craig abrupt, but Hewins welcomed her direct criticism.

Hewins died in 1978 in Oxford and the players were disbanded by former Osiris member Wynne Griffiths. Her troupe had toured throughout England but they never appeared in the West End. In 2004 Imogen Stubbs play “We Happy Few” was performed at the London's Gielgud Theatre. The play was based on Hewins and her troupe's life during the second world war. A production of “Much Ado About Nothing” was inspired by Hewins. It was directed by Brigid Larmour at the Watford Palace Theatre in 2018 and it was set during WWII and included an all-woman cast. Nancy Hewins is just a footnote in theatrical history. Yet her all-women troupe once inspired a generation, while her approach to drama still seems radical today.

St Peter's, Willersey, is one of those Cotswold churches where the graves are set in what looks like a field. Sheep in a meadow on one side, cows on the other, the dead in this. I walked down in the hot sun until I found the simple headstone: “In loving memory of Margaret Nancy Hewins, 1902-1978”, with a quotation from Cymbeline. I tucked my flowers into the metal holder and filled it from the church's red plastic watering- can. It was, I felt, the least I could do, by way of tribute.

It was also the end of a quest. The Osiris Players, which Nancy Hewins directed, have vanished, like stage ghosts, from the theatrical reference books, if they were ever in them. Yet they are an important slice of our social history. They appear to have been the first all-women professional theatre company in this country. Such groups were common in the Sixties and Seventies, but Osiris was founded in 1927, long before radical feminism was launched.

One day, more than 60 years ago, the younger children at an obscure Yorkshire grammar school were told they would see a production of Macbeth that afternoon. We went off in crocodile file to the local Co-op Hall. It had a small stage, mainly hired out for amateur performances of The Student Prince, though the hall itself was mostly used for dances. We sat around on the polished floor in a half-circle, and I watched the first production of Shakespeare - and the first professional theatrical performance apart from pantomime or variety - I had ever seen.

I was riveted by it - the swirling, bright costumes, the wonderful lighting, the high melodrama. It was all carried out by six or seven women, taking every part, playing the music, changing the scenes. This gave it an even more exotic power. I never forgot the performance, or the name of the company, Osiris.

But who were they? Where did they come from, and what had happened to them? From time to time, over the years, I asked people about them. The name meant nothing. I came to assume that they were a group who had come together for two or three years, as so many do, and then disbanded. Then, recently, on a wet London afternoon, I was working in the Theatre Museum in Covent Garden on something completely different. I looked up Osiris in the card index. There was a single entry: an unpublished typescript autobiography by Nancy Hewins. As I read through it, I began to realise what an astonishing and little- recognised achievement had lain buried.

I plunged into tracking down people who had known her, her family, old members of the company. It was even difficult to find photographs, though I discovered a (mis-captioned) photo-spread from Illustrated magazine, taken by the Blackpool-born cameraman, Reuben Saidman, in 1943, during Miss Hewins's finest hour. In wartime Britain, travelling by horse and covered dray because of the lack of petrol, she put on 1,534 performances of 33 plays (16 of them Shakespeare). As Jane Freeman, a former Osiris actress who now plays Ivy, the cafe owner, in Last of the Summer Wine, says, “It was in touch with the tradition of strolling players. It was theatre for the people. Nancy was a slightly minor Lilian Baylis.” (At the Old Vic, Baylis created the precursor of the National Theatre, and at Sadler's Wells the precursor of English National Opera.)

Freeman says fondly that she bases the character of Ivy partly on her old boss. Another ex-Osiris member, Susan Date, now assistant principal at the Guildford School of Acting, compares Nancy to Margaret Rutherford. “She had a lovely simplicity and directness, and she knew how to get what she wanted, but she always looked a mess - seven layers of clothes and all of them showing.” But all that mattered was how it was on stage. The novelist Jane Gardam saw the Osiris Players on Teesside, where she was a child in wartime. She, too, had never been to a play before.

A van drew up outside the school, she recalls, and “seven threadbare women got out”. They reminded her of Mr Crummles's troupe in Nicholas Nickleby. They looked odd, even ridiculous. “One had a queer leg. Another seemed to have lost her hair. Another smoked secret-agent black cigarettes. They were all plain - well, ugly - and they wore, good God, trousers!” She went and sat in the front row. It was “She Stoops to Conquer”. She saw “the seven colourless women transformed into painted 18th century beauties, into bumpkins and beaux, into thigh-slapping squires, into silken flirts”. They rollicked, frolicked, wept and danced their way through the play. Twelve-year-old Jane and the rest of the young audience clapped, stamped and cheered. They begged for more. The adult Gardam recalls the performance as “a pattern of the earthly paradise”. Like me, she never forgot these women.

Nancy Hewins, their leader, was the daughter of the first director of the London School of Economics, William Hewins. He had, she wrote in the typescript I read, built it up from being “two chairs and a desk”. She admired her father (about her mother she was mildly disparaging) and must have inherited something of his capacity for improvisation. Hewins was close to the radical politician Joseph Chamberlain in his campaign for imperial tariff reform and later became, briefly, the Tory MP for Hereford. Her father's connections with men such as Beaverbrook, Rothermere and Baldwin came in handy for Nancy “When she started to tour in Scotland,” her nephew, Richard, says, “and he gave her a contact, it was the Secretary of State.”

Her godmother was Beatrice Webb, the pioneer Fabian socialist and co-founder of the LSE; Nancy kept her silver teapot christening present all her life. Through Mrs Webb, she got introductions to local Co-op education departments, in the days when every Co-operative Society had a reading-room. She went to St Hugh's College, Oxford, in the Twenties, and the theatre bug bit. "My love was lighting and settings" (hence the delicious storms I saw in her Macbeth). But Sybil Thorndike, a neighbour of the Hewins' at their house in Chester Square, Belgravia, told her that she couldn't produce properly if she didn't also learn to act. On coming down from Oxford in 1924, she started an amateur company called the Isis Players. It played Shakespeare in East End elementary schools, often still lit by gas, where the audiences were "lively, critical and tough". The London County Council education office let her use a redundant school in Wandsworth for rehearsals and for making floodlights out of old biscuit tins. (Her father was a co-opted member of the education committee.) The switch to professionalism, helped by £from Lord Rothermere, brought the change of name. The Osiris Players' first production was The Merchant of Venice in December 1927.

They were always all-women, and “seven members were the most we could afford.” Shakespeare was always the heart of their repertory. Scenes were cut and minor speeches transposed, to make the doubling work. It was almost certainly Nancy I saw as Lady Macbeth (it was one of her parts), in a ferocious red wig. Re-making-up at top speed, she could change from Lady M to Porter within a few lines.

Her principle was that no one could understand Shakespeare unless they enjoyed it: “The play had to come alive to the children.” It became a life of driving through snow and ice to sooty industrial towns. Everybody did everything: acting, props, cooking. Nancy played the flute, to music specially composed for Osiris by a cousin. They moved on from performing only in schools to all kinds of local audiences, from unemployed miners in the Rhondda (Sweeney Todd) to munitions factories (Maria Marten). They celebrated the company's 21st birthday, at a women's institute in Kent, with Twelfth Night in the morning, Everyman at lunchtime, Macbeth in the afternoon, Shaw's Captain Brassbound's Conversion after tea, topped off by Badger's Green, R C Sherriff's comedy about village cricket, in the evening. Not surprisingly, few of the players, outside the steady core of three or four, survived more than a couple of years with Osiris. “We were permanently exhausted,” Susan Date remembers.

Why all-women? There were other small companies touring schools when they began, with both men and women players. But the men tended to go off faster into "proper" theatre. And Nancy maintained that male replacements "were difficult to get". The slaughter of the Somme, and Passchendaele, was not long past. Men were being killed until the last moment of the 1914-1918 war. Statisticians have since cast doubt on the myth of the "missing generation". But this is how it was perceived then; and if something is thought to be real, it is real in its consequences. The problem of the "surplus woman" was much debated, as Robert Graves and Alan Hodge noted in their social history of the inter-war years, The Long Weekend. And, they added: "Among the middle classes after the war, daughters were expected to take up business careers, or at least do something."

Nancy came, in any event, from a background of girls' schools and women's colleges - now mostly co-educational - based on the assertion that women could do anything men could. Even in the 1950s, Jane Freeman recalls, "a lot of us were convent girls, we were used to playing fellers in school plays". And once the company started travelling seriously, sleeping in barns, school floors, even a park cafe (digs were too expensive), a single-sex company perhaps risked fewer complications. "It was like a nunnery on wheels," Freeman says. If emotional complications did arise, Nancy's little remedies were sal-volatile or a teaspoon of brandy. Was there more to it than that? In an all-women company in the Seventies or Eighties, lesbianism would probably have been part of a theatrical-political agenda. In Osiris's day, it wasn't. Nancy seems to have directed all her energy and her "motherly feelings" into the company. "I always loathed being tied in any way," she said, in explanation of not marrying, and couldn't have "run a career and a household". But two of her longer- standing colleagues were a definite pair. One of them was Kay Jones, ex- Somerville College, Old Vic trained, with a boyish haircut. She played parts such as Prince Hal or St Joan. Kay was with Osiris till the end, and "did much of the donkey work to feed Nancy's brilliance", according to Susan Date. But lesbianism was not an agenda. Publicly it would have been death. Privately no one seems to have been propositioned. The agenda was Shakespeare. "He became part of our lives," Jane Freeman says. "He was like a friend of ours."

At first, Nancy continued to work as a lighting director elsewhere. She lit a Holst ballet, a Monteverdi opera, a cabaret at Claridge's. But her speciality was pageants. In 1933 she lit an Empire Day pageant in Hyde Park, sponsored by Beaverbrook's Daily Express. The producer was Arthur Bryant, the popular historian, the music directed by Malcolm Sargent, and community singing led by the father of Michael Young, the sociologist. Then she lit another Bryant pageant at Greenwich Royal Naval College. Many of Osiris's costumes came from Greenwich, mended and added to (often by Kay Jones) over the years. They were in the old Shakespearean tradition of bright, Renaissance glamour. They were hessian or canvas, painted in vivid reds and golds. Uncomfortable to wear, but they folded flat. Everything had to be tough. When Nancy played Claudius, she wore the Ghost's armour underneath her hessian, for quick changing.

When Osiris began, local reps still flourished. There were traditional bits of "business", so that if a new actor arrived, he knew, for example, just what Sir Toby Belch did at any given moment to get the laughs. The decline of the rep and the rise of the almighty director, seeking new interpretations, has ended this. Nancy wasn't keen on all the routines of old business, but anything new had to be justified by the text. And if she played in the round (as in that Co-op Hall, long ago), it was because it fitted the day. "We were not Elizabethan on principle," she wrote. "It just happened to be convenient."

Outside the war years, Osiris travelled in two Rolls-Royces, one cream and white, one sheer black. Nancy said they were the only cars that could take the strain of pulling caravans, while piled high with suitcases with players lying flat on them, learning their parts. But they were also good for publicity. I remember them turning in at the school gates. Children would come and stroke the cars - and the Belgian griffons she never travelled without. (One of them played Moon's dog in A Midsummer Night's Dream.) Her out-of-London tours began in Wolverhampton, where her father had been at grammar school. She was proud of her Midlands origins. One great- grandfather was a Black Country ironmaster. She liked to think that the John Hewins who married Shakespeare's Aunt Agnes was part of the family. Just before the war, she moved from London to the Cotswolds and toured from there. She always came back for the Chipping Campden festival, where Reuben Saidman caught up with her as Falstaff.

Osiris was, technically, a co-operative, with shareholders limited to current members of the company. (Two of the board were teachers at a girl's school in Yorkshire, which is no doubt why my nearby Macbeth happened when and where it did.) Players weren't paid much until Equity, after the war, insisted on a minimum wage. But they were fed and clothed. During the war, when funds were low, players took jobs in local Cotswolds shops, or made gas mask cases, pooled the money and ate lots of black puddings. In this co-operative, there was never any doubt who was the boss. "She could be incredibly difficult and dogmatic," Susan Date says. “But if Nancy said to do something, you did it." "We really did belong to the Thirties," Jane Freeman says. "Think of Dorothy Sayers if you want to get the flavour of Nancy. The original girls were prosperous young women, taking education to the masses - doing their best for the people they saw as under-privileged. Osiris had nothing smart about it. It was kept going by loyalty, a sense of duty. We did make a difference, I think, to a lot of people's lives. But when the new secondary moderns and comprehensives started to open - all glass and light - we began to look a bit peculiar, a bit out of date."

Nancy was proud of operating without subsidy. Theatre should be "rooted in the lives of ordinary people", she wrote, not dependent on "the reluctant taxpayer's purse". She relied on the numbers who would pay to come. With schoolchildren, of course, the money usually came from school funds, but (apart from a basic guaranteed minimum) it was a fee per seat filled. "I dare say if the company had had a Russian name," she wrote rather tetchily in her autobiography, "it would have been regarded as a remarkable experiment." She had a point. She also suffered from doing her main touring work at a time when "the provinces" rated nowhere beside London. Acting on improvised stages to unconventional audiences made her even less "legit". Yet she was not only in the direct line of descent from strolling players, but also a forerunner of companies such as Cheek By Jowl, which are devoted to the idea of touring.

Osiris stopped travelling regularly in 1963, after 36 years. The final repertory was 55 plays. Nancy reckoned she had played 128 parts. Latterly, many of the tours had been in Ireland, which she loved for the unequalled immediacy of the response she got. A map of Osiris's travels shows the British Isles peppered with dots, like a bad outbreak of measles. But Nancy never quite gave up. The next year, at the age of 62, she was putting on Macbeth with only four players, and only one minute for costume changes. She taught at the Birmingham Rep school for a while, and eventually made a modest living from hiring out Osiris costumes. She lived for many years in an old stone-built house at Willersey. The players used to sleep in various bits of it, and in the barn alongside where a local nurseryman once made up wreaths.

Wynne Griffiths lives in the house now. She joined Osiris in 1952, after a wartime spent in anti-aircraft work, followed by drama school at Bradford. "We chose well-built girls, what our Yorkshire friends called 'right lassies', of average height," Nancy said, perhaps with Wynne Griffiths in mind. She became an unofficial adoptive daughter. She was two years with Osiris (a photograph shows her as the Queen in Richard II), but came back to help with the costumes business. Nancy left her the house when she died, just before her 76th birthday.

Willersey isn't infested with tourists like neighbouring Broadway. There was a primary school fete on the green as I tried to find the house. A bouncy castle, and a sheep in a pen for you to guess the weight (20p a go, or six goes for 1). The path to the house was hemmed in with shrubs. It was like the start of a fairy-tale. Miss Griffiths was in. Now in her late sixties, she showed me a sketch of Nancy in the small hallway, done just before she died. Margaret Rutherford to a T. We sat in the low, shadowy front room. The mantelpiece was full of bright rosettes from dog shows: Miss Griffiths keeps beagles. "Osiris was extraordinary," she said. "Nancy made sure that nothing was going to stop it. A lot of companies would have just given up. Nancy was very unorthodox, not at all the theatrical dame. As my mother in Oldham would have said, 'There was no flum about her.' "

We looked through mementoes of the company. In a brochure, Stanley Baldwin lavished praise on "Nancy Hewins and her gallant band of sisters". (He also made sure that the Pilgrim Trust charity gave her a small grant when it was desperately needed.) A fading photograph showed Miss Griffiths on her first day with Osiris, packing up cases to put in the Rolls. She had kept the garden as Nancy left it, she said. We walked up to the end to look at the beagles, including prize-winning Betsy. Behind the Osiris barn is a fir tree. "Nancy planted that," Miss Griffiths says. The house "will surely be haunted one of these days", Nancy wrote. It is.

Nancy Hewins and Costumes

Villagers in Willersey benefitted from the largest single bequest ever given to the Parish Council, but they had to wait more than 27 years to receive it in January 2006. Miss Nancy Hewins, a long-time resident of the village until her death aged 76 in 1978, left a third of her estate to Willersey Parish Council “for distribution and use as it thinks fit for the benefit of deserving organisations in the parish.”

Because of delays caused by the sale of Miss Hewins' property, her estate has only recently been settled. Last week her executors, nephew Patrick Hewins, Susan Date, a former member of her touring theatrical company, and solicitor Tony Newell, met at Miss Hewins' graveside in St Peter's churchyard to present a cheque for more than £120,000 to parish council chairman Maurice Andrews.

“It is by far the largest single bequest we have ever received, and it will be for some major project that will benefit the entire village.” said Cllr Andrews. The money would be kept separately from money raised from the parish precept and that the 12 village organisations, ranging from the Womens' Institute to the youth club, would be consulted on how best to spend it. “What we will probably do is get a representative from each organisation to find out what they would like but at the end of the day the parish council will decide,” said Cllr Andrews, who knew Miss Hewins personally and described her as “a bit eccentric”. “She was generous and forthright in her views. She knew what she wanted and she usually got it,” he said.

Miss Hewins, who lived at The Long House in Willersey, had strong family connections to the village going back centuries. These included W.A.S. Hewins MP, who was at one time a junior government minister during the 1914-18 War and whose father once lived in the Manor House, Willersey.

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Mr John Henry Porter Wilkins 1883 - 1971

John Henry Porter Wilkins

John Wilkins lived in Hill Spring Cottage, Campden Lane. He died in Avonside Hospital aged 88 and was the son of Mr and Mrs J Wilkins. In 1907 he went to Canada but returned in 1925 to look after his parents. He had one brother and two sisters all of whom have previously died.

In 1928 he married Miss Martha Jane Hall who died in 1960. There were no children. He served on Evesham District Council and also Willersey Parish Council. For many years he entertained old people by singing songs at their Christmas parties. His funeral took place in Willersey Church.

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Flight Lieutenant Anthony Kayll - 1944

Anthony was the son of Norman and Helen Kayll and had two brothers, Richard and David. Richard reached the senior rank of Colonel in the Army. Anthony s family lived at Dereham House at the top of Willersey, on the junction of Main Street and Campden Lane. Sadly, Anthony's father, Norman Kayll was killed by a fall from a horse, some years before the War. Before the War, Anthony's mother moved to what is now Church End Cottage and Marbrook Cottage, the last two houses in Church Street, by the Churchyard's main gate. Mrs Kayll converted what was one big house into two.

Anthony was educated at Charterhouse, a top, public school in Godalming in Surrey. When War came, he enlisted in the RAF at Uxbridge in 1940, aged 19. After active service as a pilot in the Middle East, Anthony served as an instructor, training new bomber pilots.

As a highly competent bomber pilot, he was commissioned and selected to join the elite Pathfinders Group. This came under the direct command of Air Chief Marshall, Sir Arthur Bomber Harris.
Due to the unsustainably heavy losses on day-time bombing raids on Germany, early in the War, the RAF realised it needed to conduct bombing missions by night and found that Lancaster crews needed guidance to ensure they hit their night-time targets. The Pathfinders' job was to mark the intended targets.

The Pathfinders approach involved three phases:
First, Finders" dropped illuminating flares, at along the bombing route to keep the bomber stream compact and then across the target area. Next, "Illuminators", flying in front of the main force, dropped target indicators, which burned with varying colours to prevent the German defences from lighting decoy fires. Finally, "Markers"; dropped incendiaries onto the target, just before the Main Force arrived.

The planes in the first two waves tended to be Mosquitoes. These twin-engined multi-role aircraft had a crew of only two and were unusual in having a wooden airframe. It was one of the fastest planes of the War, capable of flying at over 400mph and carried a 500-pound bomb. Willersey parishioner, Lawrence Roberts' mother worked for Mrs Kayll, and the Lawrence family lived next door to her in Church End Cottage, the house nearest the Churchyard. Lawrence remembers, as a young boy of about six, being in the garden of Church End cottage with his father when Anthony buzzed his and Anthony s mother s houses at incredibly low height in his Mosquito. The planes in the first two waves tended to be Mosquitoes. Anthony made a couple of passes, with Lawrence convinced that he was going to crash the plane into Saint Peter s Church tower!

Sometime after this, Anthony converted to the seven-man, four-engined Lancaster, joining One-Five-Six Squadron, another Pathfinder Squadron, based at RAF Warboys in Huntingdonshire. Anthony was based there when Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth (later the Queen Mother) visited in February 1944. This picture shows Her Majesty inspecting flight and ground crews at Warboys, in front of one of the Lancasters of Anthony's squadron.

On 6 April 1944, Anthony and his crew took off from RAF Upwood at 23:13, joining 492 other RAF bombers to bomb Essen, the second largest, most central city of the Ruhr industrial area. At the time, there were 350 forced labour camps in Essen, imprisoning tens of thousands of slave laborers who were forced to work in Essen s coal mines or for companies like Krupp and Siemens.

To the credit of Anthony and his Pathfinder comrades, their marking was highly accurate that night, enabling the Main Force to concentrate its bombs on the intended targets. Of the 493 aircraft that took part in the raid, seven were shot down. So, losses were comparatively low at 1.4%. Tragically, Anthony's Lancaster was one of the seven lost, his Lancaster being shot down on its return from Essen and crashing half a mile south of Achtmaal in the southern Netherlands, near the Dutch-Belgian border. Anthony and all his crew were killed. They were buried, together, about 3 miles away in Zundert in the churchyard of its Protestant church, with Anthony and his Navigator and his wireless operator being buried in a communal grave.

May they rest in peace.

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Flight Sergeant Edgar William Proctor 1921 - 1944

Flight Sergeant Edgar Proctor

This is the story of my father, as told to me by my mother.
Eddie was born in the tiny village of Willersey, Gloucestershire on 25th August 1921. He was the youngest but one of eleven children, eight sisters and two brothers. He attended Willersey School until he was 15 years old. On leaving school he went to work for the husband of one of his sisters, who was a farmer. Eddie loved driving tractors. Being in a reserved occupation he could have been exempt from joining the forces, but when the War broke out in 1939 his one idea was to join the RAF as an Air Gunner. On 1st April 1941 he volunteered and was accepted for training as an Air Crew Cadet, age 19 - a shining youth on the threshold of life.

After training as an AC2 in Blackpool for about 6 months he was sent to No 8 AG School, Evanton, Scotland to start training as an Air Gunner. After this he was stationed at OTU Moreton-in-Marsh where he continued to train. He flew in Wellington bombers every day doing circuits and landings, learning to fire Browning guns and fly across country.

After about a year's training he was given 3 stripes and an Air Gunner's badge and told to go and win the War. During this time he married my mother and in May 1942 his first daughter was born. In June 1942 he was stationed at Harwell. On the 21st he flew from Portreath to the Middle East, with B Flight, 40 Squadron Middle East, as a Rear Gunner. At first they were bombing Tobruk as at this time the Germans were well in command there. On 12th July 1942 they crashed in the desert. On 14th August they crashed again and he was trapped in a burning plane, only to be rescued just in time. He sustained back injuries but as soon as he was fit again was sent on more bombing operations. Every day from that date they were sent on operations, bombing enemy transport and troop concentrations.

Eventually he and his crew were sent to Luqa, Malta, although it was heavily bombed by the Germans. Malta was our base for the RAF to bomb German-occupied locations such as Tunis and Tobruk. This went on until January 1943, when he returned home after completing a total of 41 operations over enemy territory, including on one occasion being lost in the desert for 3 days until they were found by British troops. In April 1943 he was sent to Upper Heyford as an Instructor Air Gunner to other young cadets.

In November 1943, as the battle for Berlin was becoming more intense, he was sent to begin a second tour of ops, this time in a Lancaster as a Mid-upper Gunner, with a new crew. By 19th December 1943 they were at Dunholme Lodge, Lincoln as part of 44 (Rhodesia) Squadron. On 29th December 1943 he was sent on his first op as a Mid-upper Gunner in a Lancaster to Berlin on a 1000-bomber raid. On 1st January 1944 they were again sent to Berlin and, according to his log book, the flak was terrible, they were attacked by fighters and many planes were lost. After 9 days leave they were again sent to Berlin on 20th January and managed to return through the flak and many fighters. The following night, 21sup>st January, they were sent out again, this time to Magdeburg. They did not return home. That night 57 of our planes were lost.

He was reported missing with all of his crew and nothing was known of their fate until 5 years later, when a grave was found in a small village in Germany called Waddekath where they had all been buried together. Eventually they were all re-interred together in the Berlin Heerstrasse British Military Cemetery. He was aged 22 and left a wife and baby girl of 20 months. His other daughter was born 6 months after he was reported missing.
©  Copyright of content contributed to this Archive rests with the author. WW2 People's War is an online archive of wartime memories contributed by members of the public and gathered by the BBC. The archive can be found at .

The Lancaster Fly-past and Memories of my father Flt. Sergeant Edgar William Proctor
The conditions were favourable and the village witnessed the fly-past of the Lancaster bomber on the day of the village fete to honour Sqn Ldr Henry Maudslay.

The name of my father Edgar William Proctor also appears with honour on the Willersey memorial together with two other names of brave men who died in the second world war. Anthony George Randle Kayll who I understand also flew in a Lancaster and Edward Louis Folkes.

No doubt many people in the village will have had their own memories and paid tribute to relatives who flew in Lancasters. My father was one of those.

Edgar was born in Willersey on 25th August 1921. A son of Joseph Proctor and Emily (nee Hodge) who lived and worked in the village. They had a large family many of whom have lived in Willersey and farmed and worked in the area over the years. He left Willersey school at 15 and went to work for his sister Jessie's husband Harry Ingles a farmer.

Edgar volunteered to join the RAF at 18 and after training became a rear gunner flying first in Wellington bombers. In 1942 he flew from Portreath to the Middle East with 40 Squadron where they were bombing German occupied locations. He survived two crashes in the desert. The second when he was trapped in a burning plane and was rescued just in time but sustained injuries. As soon as he was fit again, he was sent on more bombing operations to many targets. After completing the required number of operations, he became an instructor air gunner at Upper Heyford.

In November 1943 he began a second tour of ops this time in a Lancaster as a mid-upper gunner with 44 Rhodesian Squadron based in Lincolnshire. From there he flew on bombing raids to Berlin. On 21st January 1944 they were sent on a bombing raid to Magdeburg and they did not return. Many planes were lost that night. He was reported missing with all his crew and nothing was known of their fate until five years later when a grave was found in a small village called Waddekath Germany where their remains that had been found were buried in a communal grave. Eventually their remains were reinterred across seven graves representing the crew of their Lancaster, in the Berlin Heerstrasse British Military Cemetery.

Eddie was aged 22 and left a pregnant wife and baby girl of 20 months. His other daughter, myself, was born 6 months after he was reported missing.

My mother, sister and I were able to visit his grave in Berlin together in 1989.

In honour of all who served in Bomber Command.

If anyone is interested, I can recommend a visit to The Lincolnshire Aviation Heritage Centre at East Kirkby where you can book a tour and experience the interior of the Lancaster Bomber there and if places are available a taxi ride in it down the runway. .

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Squadron Leader Henry Eric Maudslay 1921 - 1943

Squadron Leader Henry Eric Maudslay

The Dam Buster Pilots
Transcription of an interview that took place on the 5th February, 2005
Present: Neville Usher, Ann Tallis, Adrian Tallis
Neville Usher: We are with Ann and Adrian Tallis, and we are talking about The Dam Busters. I wonder Ann if you would like to tell us a little bit about how you became interested.
Ann Tallis: I became interested because there was a plaque in Sherbourne Church commemorating one of the Dam Busters, a Squadron Leader Henry Maudslay and nobody seemed to know very much about him, and it made it very poignant to me because he was killed when he was 21, and our son died when he was 22 so I felt it was important to find out more information about Henry. There was a flower festival at Sherbourne Church in 2003, so I thought it would be a good idea if we had a booklet to sell at the flower festival to raise funds for Sherbourne Church. And we found that Henry's parents have a gravestone in Sherbourne Church, and then we subsequently found that his family lived in what must have been a beautiful Victorian house in Watery Lane, which is now a language school, but the person who really helped me was Jack Pratley from the Wellesbourne Air Museum. And it was like playing a game of chess really, because to find out information, first of all I asked the vicar, and he said well get in touch with the Air Crew Association, there's a man living in Barford, so I phoned him and he said well, it might be an idea to contact Mr. Pratley which I did, and he came with his , piles of files, and he had a file on Henry Maudslay, and the information he'd got was from the 617 Squadron historian, and that was where, you know, the information started from.

In the Sherbourne churchyard, there was also a plaque commemorating Henry's sister, who died in Scotland - her ashes were scattered in Scotland, and I thought well, as I am compiling a booklet about Henry it seems courteous to contact the family as I am writing about one of their members, and we went and had a look in the local phone book; my husband was you know a great support because at first he thought it was , he said I was becoming obsessive about this. I said I do know, I do feel it's important that more people should know about Henry, so we went to Warwick Library and in the phone book for Scotland we found the name Mrs. Parrot. Mr. Pratley from the Wellesbourne Museum said that he'd contacted her via the 617 Squadron, so I rang her out of the blue and said was she related to Henry and she said yes, and then we had a nice chat and she was very interested to hear about the booklet. So I contacted Mr. Pratley again and he said well, you're very welcome to use any information in the file that I have. And then we were shopping in Stratford, and we saw this book called ‘The Dam Busters’, and it was a beautiful book, and it was the first time I had seen a picture, a photograph of Henry Maudsley, and my husband thought oh, for goodness sake, you know, she's becoming obsessive about this. And it was an expensive book which I said well I will use the birthday money to buy this book. I then wrote to one of the authors of the book, and he eventually wrote back and said oh, any information that's in the book you are very welcome to use it because I think you know it's important that Henry should be remembered.

So I contacted a lady in Sherbourne village who is one of the elderly residents, and she said that she remembered picking flowers with Henry and his sister and their nanny, and at that time obviously Sherbourne was very different from what it is now because there were fields and wild flowers where children could go, you know and pick them, but she didn't really have much information about the family. But it subsequently transpired that Henry's family had connexions with the Maudslay Motor Company in Birmingham, and his father's cousin had started The Standard Motor Company. And then of course we found that Henry had been to Eton and he was a member of Pop, which is like principally to be a member of Pop you have to be elected by your contemporaries, so obviously Henry was quite a popular boy. We then went to Willersey to photograph the war memorial there, because that's another place where Henry's commemorated, and we found one of the church wardens who was very interested, because they hadn't much information about Henry and then he said, oh I remember when the Maudslay's moved from Sherbourne to Willersey, and how Mrs. Maudslay used to take their little dog for a walk, and he said I remember Henry cycling down steep hills with his feet on the handlebars, because obviously you know he was a bit of a dare devil.

And then the author of the definitive history of the Dam Busters invited my husband and I to go on a trip to Germany to see the crash sites, and also to visit the crash site of where Henry's plane came down, which was on the German/Dutch border. The plane had been damaged and then Henry was obviously trying to get home, but unfortunately he was caught up by the flak. And it was very moving, when we went to visit the crash site and I felt very privileged that you know I was given a cross to place on the crash site and Chris Ward said, you know you are the first person to commemorate Henry on this spot. And the whole trip to Germany was very emotional, and we visited a German family who had had bad experiences of , the father of the family, his parents, well his mother had been killed but they were very hospitable, and gave us coffee and his young daughter-in-law, when she was shaking hands as we were leaving, she said well we must make sure that this never happens again. And I am trying to think of anything else that's relevant.

Adrian Tallis No I think that covers most of what we did on the Dam Buster Raid you know, but we also looked at the Emms Canal, the Emms/Dortmund Canal, which was a subsequent raid where 9 planes were involved in the particular raid over two nights. The first night they went out the raid was aborted, and Maltby who was the pilot that breeched the Mohne Dam, he , when they aborted the trip, when turning at low level over the North Sea, touched his wingtip in the sea and cart wheeled into the sea and was killed, so he was killed without actually getting on the raid. The following night, Micky Martin who had been on the Dam Buster raid, he joined the flight and again 8 planes went out to Dortmund/Emms Canal, and they , only about two of them hit the target, which didn't do any damage, didn't breach the canal and only 3 returned, all the others were killed, crashed. One of them was Les Knight - he crashed, he was the one who blew up the Eder Dam, and Les Knight's plane, he managed to keep his plane in the air to allow all his crew to bale out except for himself, and to land the plane away from the village of Ham, and the villagers then erected a monument at the side of the road to him, in memory of his bravery in avoiding the town and avoiding killing any of their people, so we saw his crash site on the field, and the stone which is commemorating him, and also his grave in that particular cemetery where the locals maintain all these graves in such perfect condition, they look after them very well indeed, much better than graves in this country I am afraid.

Ann Tallis So looking at the booklet again and going back to what you said about the event, the knock on event of the Dam Busters Raid, I had forgotten all this information, but it says that it gave a real boost to civilian and service personnel in the dark days of 1943, which you know was important. And also I think one easily forgets that the 617 Squadron which was founded in a way, is still an operational squadron nowadays, and recently RAF jets of 617 Squadron pounded Iraqi defences with the latest precision weapons, and so you know it is an ongoing story really. But another interesting point, the photograph which was in Chris Ward's book, Henry Maudslay is in civilian dress, because apparently they had to carry a photograph of themselves in civilian clothes in case the plane crashed and they were able to, you know, escape more easily rather than, you know, having RAF uniform entirely, and I can't think of anything else, Adrian, can you?
Adrian Tallis Not really, no.
Neville Usher It s really nice that you have established a local connexion with this though, beginning with the plaque in the church.
Ann Tallis That was the starting point.
Adrian Tallis That was the starting point, and looking from here you can see the chimneys of the house that he lived in from our own dining room.
Ann Tallis And another interesting point was we went on holiday to Wales, and was it the Vyrnwy lakes we were looking at?
Adrian Tallis No, it was the Rhayader Lakes.
Ann Tallis Rhayader lakes, where the aeroplanes used to practise their low flying over water, and there were two young men there, bikers, very modern young men.
Adrian Tallis All in black leather? Ann Tallis All in black leather, and I heard them chatting, this is where the Dam Busters used to train you see. So I said to them, oh excuse me I said, in our village that was where one of the Dam Busters used to live. Oh was it they said. Adrian Tallis We were there for a half hour lecture!
Ann Tallis No, no, no I was just chatting, and my husband said there she is, off again, but I just felt that it was fascinating to find that two modern young men, still, you know, very interested in this story behind the Dam Busters.
©  Copyright of content contributed to this Archive rests with the author. WW2 People's War is an online archive of wartime memories contributed by members of the public and gathered by the BBC. The archive can be found at .

Squadron Leader Henry Maudslay DFC
Lancaster fly-past tribute for one of Willersey's sons.

At two o clock on Monday 29th August 2022, Willersey will thrill to the sound of four approaching Merlin engines. Seconds later, the last-remaining, flying Lancaster bomber in the world will thunder over our village. The RAF's Memorial Flight has granted this honour as a tribute to Henry Maudslay, one of our parish's sacred Fallen who is named on our War Memorial.

Henry's father founded the Standard Motor Company in Coventry and Henry was born in Leamington Spa before his family moved from Leamington Spa to Foxhill Manor, Willersey. Described as courteous, cheerful, loyal and sincere, at Eton, Henry broke the mile record, aged only 15 (a record which stood for many years). In rowing, Henry was made the school Captain of the Boats in 1940 and won the six-mile cross country run for Eton in just 35 minutes and 40 seconds. Back home in Willersey, he had an old motorbike with an engine that did not work which he used to push up Willersey Hill and career down on. This was made additionally hazardous by the old machine having no brakes, whatsoever!

With the outbreak of war, when Henry was 18, he volunteered to join the RAF, undertaking bomber pilot training in Canada. Thereafter, he flew 29 operations and was awarded a Distinguished Flying Cross for an attack on German ships under very low cloud. In December 1941, he was sent as a pilot for the service trials of the new heavy bomber, the Avro Lancaster. After more combat operations, on 25th March 1943, Henry moved with his crew to RAF Scampton.

Aged only 21, already holding the rank of Squadron Leader, Henry had flown so many successful, dangerous missions and shown such leadership, skill and courage that he was selected not only to be a pilot for the hand-picked 617 Squadron but appointed as Second-in-Command, overall, under the famous Wing Commander Guy Gibson VC. This elite squadron, later to become known as the Dambusters, was formed, specially, to undertake Operation Chastise, the famous bouncing bomb raid on the great dams of Germany.

Despite all this, Henry was a surprisingly quiet and almost shy, young man. Remarkably, he would change into civvies when not on duty. This was most unusual, if not unwise, because any able-bodied man of military service age not in uniform would be labelled a coward and subject to serious abuse by members of the public. On the night of 17 May 1943, Henry flew as commander of the Dambusters' B Flight in his Lancaster, call-sign Z-Zebra, against the Eder Dam. The geography made the approach almost impossibly difficult and dangerous, causing Henry and fellow pilot Dave Shannon to have to make several approaches in their aircraft. When Z-Zebra's bouncing bomb was dropped, it struck the dam's parapet. The resulting explosion probably damaged Henry's low-flying Lancaster severely. The squadron's leader, Guy Gibson, saw a red Very light, fired from Z-Zebra and called out on the radio to Henry, saying, “Are you ok, Z Zebra?” A faint signal came in reply, “I think so, Leader. Stand by...”" This was the last voice contact from Henry's aircraft.

Struggling home, the aircraft was hit by anti-aircraft fire at Emmerich before crashing near Klein-Netterden with the loss of Henry and all the lives of the rest of his crew.

Henry had written a last letter to be sent to his mother in the event that he failed to survive the raid on the dams. In it, he told her not to mourn his passing because he was content that, if he were to be killed, he could count on his RAF comrades to fight on to ultimate victory over Germany, to save our country and civilisation and to restore peace.

“Henry, was a born leader... a great loss, but he gave his life for a cause for which men should be proud. Boys like Henry are the cream of our youth. They die bravely and they die young.”
Guy Gibson, Enemy Coast Ahead

Henry was buried at D sseldorf North Cemetery before being reburied at Reichswald Forest War Cemetery on 3rd October 1946. There he rests, in the care of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, his grave tended, with great respect, by a number of local Dutch volunteers. His gravestone memorial reads, “He died gloriously in the breaching of the Eder Dam”.
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Murray Davey 1877 - 1945


Opera singer Murray studied in Paris under Ernest Masson and Jean de Reszke. He made his debut as a bass at the Paris Grand Opéra in 1905 as Hermit in “Freisch tz” and sang the part of Hamlet in 1908. In 1907 he made a guest appearance at the Opéra Monte-Carlo as Raimondo in “Lucia di Lammermoor”. In 1909 he reached London Covent Garden, where he was stayed until 1914. In 1909 he sang the part of Abimelech in “Samson et Dalila” and in 1914 he appeared as Titurel in “Parsifal” which he repeated in 1925 at the same opera house. In 1912 he appeared as guest in a Sunday Night Concert at the Metropolitan Opera in New York. In 1922 he made guest appearances at the Théâtre de la Monnaie in Brussels. He was still appearing up to the beginning of the 1940's. His repertoire included Masetto in “Don of Giovanni” and Boris Godunov & the Arkel in “Pelléas et Mélisande”.
Murray's wife, Elizabeth died on March 20th 1945 at Bethanie Nursing Home in Highgate aged 69. Her funeral service took place on Friday March 23rd 1945 at St Joseph's Catholic Church, Highgate.

In 1907, the Arts and Crafts architect, A.N. Prentice exhibited a design at the Royal Academy for a proposed house at Willersey that was intended to be built on the site of the present Willersey House, on Campden Lane about halfway up the Cotswold escarpment. The house that was finally completed in 1912 for the opera singer, Murray Davey, was not to these designs, although it is in a similar Cotswold style. There is a formal approach from the country lane to a large built-up forecourt, which faces the drive, with the service wing running forward to the left. At the rear the ballroom wing helps enclose a small west-facing loggia which takes advantage of the view. Formal gardens are situated beyond the ballroom wing, and adjacent to these is a long lawn terminated by a gazebo.

Willersey house as planned

Willersey House: the house as planned.

Willersey house as built

Willersey House: the house as built in 1912. Image: Michael Hill & Nicholas Kingsley

The building was an old farmhouse from the village (Top Farm) re-built and enlarged on a new site. Examination of the fabric shows that a great deal of old stonework has indeed been re-used, including architectural features such as mullioned windows and doorways. The salvaged local gables with small single-light windows have been correctly re-set above the main mullioned windows. Despite its incorporation of so much old material, the house was in reality not a copy of an old building but was built to a revised design by Prentice. The structural walls are all brick and only the outer facing is stone, while the roof structure is entirely from 1912.

Internally, the flavour of the main ballroom to the rear of the house is Renaissance, a style that was a particular favourite of Prentice, especially in his interior design work on liners of the Orient Line. Elsewhere, there is a bolection-moulded fireplace in a more sober drawing room, and a well-crafted oak staircase in a gabled turret. There is much generous detailing. The house was thought to lack a suitably imposing hall or main staircase, something which was remedied during extensive improvements in 1994-5 by Peter Yiangou for Mr & Mrs George Hacker. These included the creation of a two-storey entrance hall and a more impressive staircase, giving the house the features that one would have expected of Prentice's original work.

Built for the opera singer Murray Davey it was sold about 1922 to Richard Alleyne Arkwright (1884-1965) and then to his son, Peter Arkwright OBE (1913-87). After Peter Arkwight's death it was sold to Mr & Mrs George Hacker, and in 2002 to Mr J.Bloor.

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Algernon Fred Gissing 25th November 1860 to 5th February 1937

Algernon Fred Gissing

Algernon Fred Gissing was an English novelist and the younger brother of George Gissing. He wrote twenty-five novels, two collections of short stories and several pieces of travel writing. He died from heart disease.

Gissing was born in Wakefield, West Yorkshire. His parents were Thomas Waller Gissing (1829-1870) and Margaret Gissing (1832-1913), and he had two older brothers named William and George. His initial education was at Back Lane School in Wakefield, but from 1870 he started attending Lindow Grove School in Cheshire as a boarder, as a result of his father's death. He went on to study Law at London University, graduating with an LLB in 1882. He practised as a solicitor in Wakefield for a while, but failed to attract enough clients to sustain his practice.

On 8th September 1887, Gissing married Catherine n e Baseley (1859-1937), later moving with her to Broadway, Worcestershire. Together they had five children. Having been unsuccessful in his legal career, Gissing decided to pursue an interest in writing literature. During his life, he wrote and published thirty books, but the income from these was negligible. He received a number of grants from the Royal Literary Fund. In 1924, Gissing's Cotswold walking guide, The Footpath Way in Gloucestershire was published. This is one of the first walking guides for the Cotswolds.

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George Gissing

The Cotswold Connections of George and Algernon Gissing
The Diaries and The Collected Letters of George Gissing contain many references to the Cotswold villages of Broadway, in Worcestershire, and Willersey and Saintbury just over the county boundary in Gloucestershire. The Gissing family knew the area as they took holidays in Broadway at the home of their Aunt Emma Shailer (1839-1909). Broadway and Willersey were also the main residence of the peripatetic and unsettled Algernon Gissing for the first 16 years (1887-1904) of his married life. Attempting to establish himself as an author, then to build his literary reputation, the struggling Algernon used identifiable Cotswold locations for many of his novels which this article attempts to identify.

The Cotswolds are the line of limestone hills running from south of Bath, through Gloucestershire and Worcestershire thence northeast to Warwickshire and beyond. They have traditionally been sheep rearing country and it was the wool trade which was responsible for the prosperity of the towns and villages along, and bordering, the escarpment. Numerous small stone quarries on the hills were the source of the warm-looking, dark yellow limestone which, for centuries, has been used to build the houses and cottages in the towns and villages which continue to be a very attractive part of rural England. It was in this apparent rural idyll that Algernon set many of his early novels and he wrote two of his topographical books, Broadway (1904) and The Footpath Way in Gloucestershire (1924), about the area. The latter work is perhaps the only one of his many books regularly seen in local second-hand bookshops, not least because Algernon's novels did not warrant reprints or editions is large numbers.

Only 30 miles from Birmingham (always called Millington in Algernon's novels), the village of Broadway had a population of 1,400 in 1901. It was then, and remains, a picturesque village on the Oxford to Worcester road, just 6½ miles short of the market town of Evesham where the main road crosses the River Avon. With its abbey on the banks of the Avon and its weekly newspaper the Evesham Journal is very recognisable in Algernon's novels although, like the Cotswold villages that he came to know so well, it is often given different names. Broadway is situated below the western escarpment of the Cotswold hills where the main road descends to the Vale of Evesham via the steep Fish Hill. Just 1½ miles north of Broadway is the smaller village of Willersey (population 385 in 1901) on the Cheltenham to Stratford-upon-Avon Road which runs along the base of the escarpment. The parish of only 1,200 acres extends up the escarpment to the Roman Buckle Street which runs along the top of the hills and which divides the ancient parish quarries of Willersey and Saintbury which together with their overshadowing beech trees, frequently feature in Algernon's Cotswold based novels. The more remote and even smaller village of Saintbury (population 120 in 1901 and now many fewer) is one mile further east across the fields from Willersey. This is the third village in the area which figures in George's letters and in Algernon novels. In Gissings' time the main means of travel from London was the London to Worcester railway line with stations at Evesham, 6 miles from Willersey, and Honeybourne Junction (3½ miles) to which villagers and their visitors either walked or took a trap.

Algernon's Cotswold Base
When, on 8th September 1887, Algernon married outfitter's daughter Catherine Baseley, two years his senior in her native Southampton, he gave his profession as Solicitor and his residence as Broadway, Worcestershire for he had been lodging for some weeks with Aunt Emma Shailer. He was familiarising himself with the area and using it in drafting his first novel Joy Cometh in the Morning, the British Library copy of which was stamped 26th April 1888. The newlyweds soon set up their first married home at Smallbrook Cottage, Broadway, a two-storey cottage still standing on a sharp bend in the road from Broadway to Willersey . Much extended to the rear, Smallbrook Cottage is now only 100 yards from the A44 trunk road, the Broadway bypass, opened in 1998 to preserve Broadway from the predations of heavy freight traffic. When George Gissing visited Algernon and Catherine in late January 1888 he recorded that he was delighted with this cottage, daintily furnished [with] an excellent servant called Sarah. It was here, on 11th September 1888, that Catherine gave birth to their first child, Enid. At that time Algernon was shutting himself away from his family while writing his second novel, A Lion of the Cotswolds, published in 1889 as Both of this Parish - A story of the byways. George noted that, when Mrs Shailer and Mary came to tea, Alg. kept at his desk and did not see them; the necessities of work compel him to do this, which of course seems inexplicable to relatives.

In May 1889 George received an astonishing letter from Alg. who says he is abandoning Smallbrook Cottage, giving up housekeeping and will move in two week's time to Harbottle, Coquetdale. Selling furniture and books. This kind of thing fills me with gloomy forebodings. His ability to persevere in any course is remarkable. I fear that he will be the same throughout his life. Thus, after less than two years living in Smallbrook Cottage, but having had his first two novels published, Algernon and his family first visited Northumberland then in January 1890, moved to the village of Wickwar, 5 miles from Chipping Sodbury, near Bristol and 50 miles southwest of Willersey. Unfortunately their landlady here proved to be a drunkard so two months later, Algernon, Catherine and Enid moved to the village of Bredon's Newton, Gloucestershire, at the foot of Bredon Hill, some 7 miles northeast of Tewkesbury. From this new base, Algernon continued moving frequently around the country, presumably seeking further locations, plots and the muse for his novels as he spent time in Northumberland, Cumbria and Leeds. Catherine did occasionally travel with him but may have generally remained in Gloucestershire. At times Algernon was staying with brother George in Exeter, but Algernon and his family came together again on returning from Jersey in May 1890, to temporarily reside with Aunt Shailer in Broadway whilst waiting to move into the village of Willersey, as George recorded “until he can furnish his cottage in Willersey, whither he is going after all.” They were settled in the cottage by June that year and in November 1891 he took the cottage on a five year lease. Algernon's proofs for A Village Hampden was assessed by George as “an improvement but awkward lapses of style here and there.” Meanwhile Algernon was working hard to complete the novel whilst his wife had fallen ill which caused his servant to fall “into hysterical mania.”

We cannot be absolutely sure which cottage was Algernon's home but a logical interpretation of the recently released 1901 census, combined with clues in his writings, strongly suggests that they were living in Rose Cottage in Willersey on the night of 10th April 1901. Algernon then giving his occupation as man of letters. Rose Cottage is on the eastern side of the broad village green, the Long House on the right being that of his friend, the florist and market gardener Mr John H Andrews. In October 1892, George spent a fortnight with Algernon and Catherine in Willersey and recorded that, on 30th of the month, he “Climbed the hill with Alg. and amid clear sunshine looked down upon the plain covered with mist Bredon, the Malvern summit standing out precisely like islands from a sea beeches, elms at 9 in the evening Alg. and I again went up the hill to hear the owls crying.” On the day that George left to travel to Birmingham to see his mother, Algernon set off for Jersey. He returned to Willersey in late February 1893 and was soon seeking another 10 from George.

A month later, he told George that he was trying to find some supplementary source income. George continued his short visits to Willersey for some years and, on Christmas Eve 1894, George recorded that Alg. was thinking of changing his abode to Edinboro but, two months later, Alg. is giving up his northern projects and is again at Willersey. One constant in Algernon s life over many years was his frequent resort to loans and gifts from his family. In September 1895 George loaned his brother 25 to settle his debts in Willersey and get away to the north for a change but a month later Algernon had the author William Henry Hudson staying with him in the village. Whether Hudson, Godfather to young Alwyn, was accommodated in the small Rose Cottage is not known but there were (and still are) two inns, the New Inn and The Bell Inn (sometimes called by Algernon The Blue Bell), in the village so, unlike George, Hudson may have been accommodated at one of those establishments. In January 1899 George was in Wakefield recording that Alg. was here a week or two ago in very bad health. Nelly granted him 150 for the next six months to enable him to rest. I contributed 50 of this. Algernon and his family seem to have remained in Willersey (he using it as his base or primary residence in between travels) until some time in 1904, before they moved on to Northumberland and Edinburgh for varying periods. Enid's birth in 1888 had been the only one of the five children that their father Algernon, describing himself as Gentleman, himself reported to the Registrar in Broadway, The task of reporting the birth of the four subsequent children, all born in Willersey, fell to Catherine and the table below gives Algernon s profession as recorded in the official records while, at least he thought, his literary reputation grew.

Child's Name Date of Birth Place of Birth Algernon's Declared Occupation
Enid 11th November 1888 Broadway, Worcs. Gentleman
Roland 14th May 1895 Willersey, Glos. Novelist
Alwyn 6th April 1897 Willersey, Glos. Literary Work
Katherine 12th March 1900 Willersey, Glos. Novelist
Margaret 13th September 1901 Willersey, Glos. Author
1901 Census 18th April 1901 n/a Man of Letters

Details are taken from the Birth Certificates of Algernon Gissing's Children and the 1901 Census Return [All five children were registered in Broadway]

Although based in the Willersey cottage, Algernon continued to travel, often residing either with brother George in London and Exeter, or by visiting Jersey or the many parts of northern England that he frequented. He sometimes took Catherine and their growing family with him as he sought the muse and settings for further novels but it was to the Cotswolds that the couple returned for Catherine to give birth to their five children over the 13 year period. By 1904, George Gissing had died in the South of France and Algernon was well into his own career as an author. That year's edition of Who's Who, presumably compiled early in the previous year, gave the brothers equal length entries but, interestingly, Algernon's list excluded his first two novels. But by 1904, when Algernon and his family appear to have finally left Willersey, the area had made a considerable impression on him and continued to provide Algernon with locations for the majority of his later novels and for two of his topographic works published in 1904 and 1924. Of his 30 novels, Algernon based some 16 of them in or around the Cotswolds. Possibly as a result of the Consecutive Entries from Who's Who (1904) - Reproduced by permission of the publishers A & C Black

Advice and tutoring
George had given him during Algernon's formative years, he had a wide range of intellectual interests, and whilst living in Willersey, Algernon was a friend of the Rev. Charles O. Bartlett, Rector of Willersey from 1891-1907. Their common interest was in antiquities and the local history of the village. A photograph of Rose Cottage, circa 1901 and from a postcard, is probably one of many taken by Rev Bartlett who was a keen photographer.

Before turning to the many local Cotswold associations in Algernon''s novels, particularly those of the three hillside villages of Broadway, Willersey and Saintbury, it is appropriate to highlight their distinctive characteristics which recur in the works. Broadway was, and remains, a charming tourist spot attracting many overseas visitors and artists with its ancient church (St Eadburgh's) and its houses of locally quarried soft yellow limestone backing the greens as the long main street climbs the escarpment up to the old Fish Inn. The distinctive features of Willersey were, and fortunately still are, its old church of St Peter's, its two inns, the wide village greens lined by the Cotswold stone houses and cottages and the annual Willersey Wake traditionally held on the village greens around St Peter's Day (29 June). Originally a religious vigil held before a Holy Day, the wake developed into an excuse for villagers and visitors to drink and enjoy the sideshows which were set up on the village greens Algernon later described these events, and the villages of Willersey and Saintbury, in several chapters of The Footpath Way in Gloucestershire. The distinctive feature of the nearby, and much smaller, village of Saintbury was, and remains, its ancient church of St Nicholas, set high on a terrace on the hillside which, in Algernon's time, had William Smith as its parish clerk, bell ringer and local road-mender. At the lower end of the Saintbury, on the road from Broadway to Stratford-on-Avon is the ancient Saintbury Cross , a feature which makes several appearances in the novels.

Source: British Library Catalogue Algernon Gissing's Works
Publication Year Novels with Cotswold locations
or significant Cotswold association
Publisher Other Locations
1888 Joy cometh in the morning: a country tale Hurst & Blackett 2 vols
1889 Both of this Parish - A story of the byways Hurst & Blackett 2 vols
1890 A Village Hampden Hurst & Blackett 3 vols
1892   Hurst & Blackett 3 vols A Moorland Idyll
1892   Hurst & Blackett 3 vols A Masquerader
1893 Between Two Opinions Hurst & Blackett 3 vols
1893   Hurst & Blackett 3 vols At Society's Expense
1894   Hurst & Blackett 3 vols A Vagabond in Arts
1896 The Sport of Stars Hurst & Blackett 2 vols
1897   Hutchinson The Scholar of Bygate
1900   Chatto & Windus A Secret of the North Sea
1901   Chatto & Windus The Wealth of Mallerstang
1902   Methuen The Keys of the House
1903   Chatto & Windus An Angel's Portion
1903 Knitters in the Sun: a Pastoral Chatto & Windus  
1904   Arrowsmith Arrows of Fortune
1905   Chatto & Windus Baliol Garth
1906 The Master of Pinsmead John Long  
1907   Chatto & Windus The Dreams of Simon Usher
1909 The Unlit Lamp F.V. White  
1910 Love in the Byways - Some last-night stories F.V. White  
1910   F.V. White The Herdsman
1910 Rosanne F.V. White  
1910 One Ash - A barn-door story F.V. White  
1910 The Top Farm F.V. White  
1910 A Dinner of Herbs F.V. White  


1904 Broadway: a village in Middle England J.M. Dent
1905 Ludlow and Stokesay J.M. Dent
1924 The Footpath Way in Gloucestershire J.M. Dent
1927 Letters of George Gissing to Members of his Family Constable & Co (with Ellen Gissing)

Along the top of the escarpment runs the Roman Buckle Street, here marking the parish boundary between Willersey and Saintbury. On either side of this road lie the two parish quarries which were the source, not only of building stone but also, when broken up by William Smith, of road filling stone. Smith was also the sexton, bell-ringer and parish clerk of Saintbury for 60 years who, in late 1887, was going about his stone breaking at the quarry, when Algernon first encountered him. Algernon recalled this first meeting whilst he was walking on the hills in 1887 and several of his Cotswold novels feature parish quarries and a parish road-mender or stone breaker a solitary task in a rural area but one which, usefully for a narrator, allows observation of the locality and its people whilst work continues. It would be tempting to suggest that Algernon's use of The Top Farm as the title of a late novel was based on the farm of that name in Willersey, however there was a Top Farm at the base of the hillside in several local villages.

As can be seen from the table listing Algernon's works, he started to locate his novels in areas other than the Cotswolds from 1892 but, when he moved away from the area in around 1904, he again used Cotswold locations for the majority of his novels, these at a rate of almost one a year through to 1913. The choice of Broadway for the first of his topographical books for J.M. Dent in 1904, in their Temple Topographies series, was natural for Algernon as he knew the area so well. With illustrations by Edmund H. New, this attractive little book on Broadway was dedicated by Algernon to W.H. Hudson. We can also reasonably assume that Algernon was familiar with the Ludlow and Stokesay area in Shropshire, the location of his second work for Dent in the series in 1905. Algernon's Aunt Elizabeth, his mother's sister, lived in Ludlow and was visited by Mrs Gissing and her daughters, as well as presumably, by that frequent traveller Algernon. He and Catherine themselves returned to Gloucestershire in 1914, initially returning to the Bredon area before moving a short distance to Winchcombe, again at the foot of the Cotswold escarpment and just 17 miles south of Broadway. In 1927, the year in which he and Ellen published their Letters of George Gissing to Members of his Family, Algernon and Catherine made their final move, to the village of Bloxham, near Banbury, Oxfordshire.

George Gissing's Cotswolds
When George's mother and her daughters Ellen and Margaret visited Aunt Emma Shailer, they often stayed for weeks at a time. But George took much shorter breaks in the area, staying with Algernon and Catherine and making a point of visiting Emma as well as cousin Mary and her brother Tom, whilst that young man remained in the area. George obviously enjoyed taking the fresh air of Broadway and Willersey as he visited at least once a year and often more frequently, even arranging for his son Arthur to stay longer with Algernon and his family. George presumably enjoyed the break from his urban or suburban writing routine that such visits involved, even walking on occasions the seven miles from Evesham to Willersey, more frequently walking the 3 miles across the fields from Honeybourne Junction. He records in his diary that he and Algernon used to walk up the hillside to Saintbury church, from where they could view the Malvern Hills across the Vale of Evesham. George Gissing certainly valued his breaks in the Cotswolds and, writing from France in his final years, he admitted that he could no longer manage to climb the hills that he had so enjoyed in earlier years. 28 December 1901 I am constantly dreaming over my old walks; I could not now go from Willersey to Broadway and back without exhaustion and fever a dolorous state of things.

Algernon's Cotswold Novels
It has been shown that Algernon was familiarising himself with the Cotswolds whilst writing his first novel Joy Cometh in the Morning - A Country Tale (1888) before he married. It displays all the marks of an early work and the rural romance has some real place whilst those of many lesser characters , including Messrs Snodbury and Bredon, Dr Buckland and Mrs Blockley, are those of neighbouring villages. Broadway is here called Nether Faintree and the story opens with a description of the London to Worcester mail coach being involved in a fatal catastrophe at: the lone Fish Inn on the brow of Faintree Hill the steep and dangerous descent of the Fish to Nether Faintree [which] consisted of one wide straggling street stretching for upwards of a mile from end to end in as nearly as possible a straight line. It is extremely picturesque with its few quiet shops and thatched gabled cottages, amongst which were interspersed the better houses which the place offered. Behind it rose the well wooded ridge of the Cotswold Hills and in front lay the beautiful Vale of Evesham with its gardens stretching away to the hills of Bredon and Malvern. This description of Nether Faintree is virtually that which Algernon later used in his topographical book Broadway for J.M. Dent. Whilst convalescing in Nether Faintree Roland, the hero of the first novel takes numerous walks which took him round by Cotswold Manor up the hill to the Kifsgate Stone .. the path to the desolate residence of Cotswold Manor from here (Kifsgate Stone) he walked along the top of the ridge until he joined the high road at the Fish Inn and so descended into the village of Nether Faintree. The Kifsgate Stone still exists and once marked the site of local meetings of the people of the ancient Kifsgate Hundred which included Willersey and Saintbury, The Cotswold Manor is undoubtedly Farncombe Manor which is set on the hill above Broadway. Other obvious local connections are that Roland rides into Avonford (i.e. Evesham) and heavy rain causes him to stop off at the Sandys Arms, the half-way house. The inn of that name still stands half way between Broadway and Evesham. Finally, the local church which is restored at Roland s expense is named St. Eadburgh s which is the name of the old church in Broadway in whose graveyard lie Aunt Emma Shailer and her husband Frederick. Written as A Lion of the Cotswolds, Algernon's next novel Both of the Parish a story of the Byways (1889) was set in the village of Wancote, which is obviously Saintbury, with its old stone cross of Wancote [which] lies on the cross road from Cheltenham to Stratford on Avon. Scenes are set in the church bell tower with its four stone steps to the little door in the wall, just like St Nicholas in Saintbury, and the hero eventually marries the young heroine, taking a farm and becoming a pioneer in agricultural improvements.

A Village Hampden (1890) features one Giles Radway, the byway roadman of the rural parish of Shipcombe (Willersey), situated ‘in a remote part of the County of Gloucestershire’ who is found breaking up his last heap of stones in October and looking forward to spending the next six months spreading them on the roads. The hero is Gabriel Bewglass, the son of the late vicar and whose mother lives in Rose Cottage in the village of Shipcombe. Rose Cottage is ‘one of the picturesque cottages which stood at the foot of the village of Shipcombe, by the green, such as are common in the villages of Gloucestershire. It faced the village green being separated from the road by a garden enclosed by a low stone wall.’ The nearby market town is Dormantley (Evesham) with its Abbey and pasture sloping down to the river.

It is Saintbury that is specifically named two years later in the next novel, A Masquerader (1892) which is not really Cotswold inspired or located but it does has some direct Cotswold references including making a special excursion to Bredon Hill in Worcestershire and, on a public seat by St James Park, London, a woman with no money and large debts has her small daughter with her, when she is approached by a kindly nurse who asks her to name a wish. Her answer is that my child and I were buried under the elm-trees in Saintbury churchyard. Where is that? On the side of a green hill in Gloucestershire The nurse had just been given a large payment of back wages which she donates to the woman. In the 1893 novel Between Two Opinions, the hero had Cotswold ancestry and is set at Pool Farm in the village of Murcott - Murcot with one t is a village two miles from Broadway. The story has a disabled girl, one Eulalia, who was compelled to make some contribution towards the domestic outlay, had fallen into the work of glover, that being a form of labour still open to cottagers of this district. Glovemakers were regularly listed in the census returns for Willersey s central farm was Pool Farm by the duck pond.

Algernon set The Sport of Stars (1896) on the wooded slopes that surround the remote village of Winwold (Willersey) in ‘a cottage at the extreme end of the village, just where the road begins it ascent of the hill beyond.’ Workers seeking a bit of land to raise our bread and potatoes meet by the gate of the Upper Marbrook - the name of the field next to Willersey churchyard. There is, of course, an annual wake and the hero meets his future wife in the overgrown parish quarry. Later she buys from the artist a picture of the landscape kind which the artist had named ‘The Parish Boundary.’ This picture ‘embraced merely a portion of an upland road, passing as by a natural patch through a dense row of full-grown beech trees’ - the Willersey/Saintbury quarries where she first met her husband.

It was another seven years before Algernon's next Cotswold novel appeared. Knitters in the Sun a Pastoral (1903) is set in a remote village in the Wolds . Windean (Willersey) is some 6 miles from Woolbourne (Evesham) with its weekly newspaper The Journal. In Windean is Sawpit Green which is still the name of the part of the village green in Willersey opposite The Bell Inn and mention is made of the church bell-ringers drinking at The Blue Bell. In these later Cotswold novels, some of the locations recur e.g. in The Master of Pinsmead (1906) the heroine drove to see her lawyer at Woolbourne then has to meet the local aristocrat Lord Kifsgate (see Algernon s first novel) and the village of Elmsey (Willersey or Saintbury) has an annual wake. Similarly in Second Selves (1908) is set in Norbury (Saintbury) which is three miles from its wayside station [and] Elmsey has a wake, with caravans, swing boats and vans [en route to which] all the way he could see Norbury church spire on the green hillside. Similar settings are used in The Unlit Lamp (1909). In Love in the Byways Some Last-Night Stories (1910) Algernon presented twelve short stories which Punch, using words that now have a somewhat different meaning, stated that ‘Mr Algernon Gissing has a very enjoyable way of making love in the byway.’ The Times critic welcomed these Twelve short stories of good quality, mostly of the countryside in which Wancote, Woolbourne and Elmsey recur but several of the stories are not set in the Cotswolds but move to Newcastle and East Anglia. An unusual situation is encountered in Rosanne (1911) when the heroine, Lady Lillian St Cloe, vanishes from the local Cotswold villages (Marcote, Harbury and Winwood) to become an Anglican Sister with the name Rosanne. The village of Harbury is presumably Willersey as it has an annual wake and mention is made of a place where the hill road passes under a natural archway of beech leaves there began the parish of Harbury lying on the undulating Wold. Also published in 1911 was One Ash A Barn-Door Story, subtitled A Cotswold Tale, which is an unusually dark tale involving the killing of a blind horse and a peasant who hangs himself. The village of Elmsey is again featured and the lesser characters include a Master Driscoll of Hayway (still a farm near Willersey) and one Sawpit Sarah.

The Top Farm (1912) returns to rural romance set in Elmsey (Willersey) which, like the real Willersey, has a village pond. Also featured is the village of Stanbury (Saintbury) where its few cottage were scattered amongst the trees, with the old church standing apart on its green terrace. Woolbourne (Evesham) is where the lawyers advise on complicated wills and one elderly character is Old Jezz Gunn who is of interest as William Smith, the Saintbury road-mender, lived for many years at Gunn's Cottages, a pair of semi-detached cottages that still stand on the boundary of Willersey and Saintbury, a short distance from the parish quarries. In the novel, a young woman, Prisca, sets up a rural a theatre club, the Barn Door Club, for theatrical performances in the country but this late novel darkens when one of the male characters, Prisca s friend Howard, borrows money but Prisca takes up horse riding and gets killed whilst riding with Howard who then kills himself. Howard is found dead by the pool at Upton Wold which is (still) a farm on the top of the Cotswold escarpment on the road to Moreton-in-Marsh.

His final novel, A Dinner of Herbs (1913) is set where all roads lead to Shipcombe (Willersey) as well as every footpath and byway through the meadows. The local town is again Woolbourne (Evesham) and the narrator is even more forceful about the nuisance caused by the Shipcombe village wake in mid-June whose entertainments include a roundabout, blatant music, a shooting gallery. Exploring the many footpaths in the area formed the subject of, and provided the title for, his next book, the topographical work The Footpath Way in Gloucestershire (1924). In this now dated but interesting work, Algernon devoted two chapters to Saintbury and three to Willersey as well as extending south along the Cotswold escarpment to the Winchcombe area where he was then living. The illustrations by John Garside include two drawings of Algernon s old friend, the long-serving Saintbury sexton, parish clerk and road-mender, William Smith, showing him both breaking stones at the quarry and digging a grave in the Saintbury churchyard in which Smith and his wife were eventually laid to rest. Algernon's final book, The Letters of George Gissing to Members of his Family (1927) was written with his sister Ellen and published ten years before Algernon s death which occurred, at Bloxham, near Banbury, Oxfordshire, on 5th February 1937.

This article has not attempted any original literary criticism of Algernon s work but has merely mentioned brother George's occasional references to Algernon's career and, more particularly, the propensity to borrow money from his family to support his literary career. It is tempting to suggest that Algernon himself recognised his own shortcomings when, in describing Prisca's father in The Top Farm (1912), he was perhaps just a little autobiographical when he wrote, replacing literature with the stage, that the man was Of respectable parentage, he had begun life as a fully fledged lawyer himself but strong thespian proclivities had hindered his giving the necessary attention to his profession but he failed of distinction and success.

Robin Woolven

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Harry Sadler 1900 - 1918

Harry Sadler moved to Badsey from Willersey in about January 1917. He was a Private in the Royal Warwickshire Regiment and his name is recorded on the war memorial in St James' Church, Badsey where he is buried in the churchyard.

Harry Sadler was born at Willersey, the second of four children of George and Jane Sadler. He had an older brother, Frank, and two younger sisters, Florence Daisy and Ivy Blanche. Harry's father, George, died in 1906 and Jane married again in 1908, to widower James Jordan who had two sons. At the time of the 1911 census, James and Jane were living in Willersey with James's two sons and Jane's four children.
By January 1917, the family had moved to Badsey, when the youngest in the family, Ivy, enrolled at Badsey Council School. The family lived at 8 Bowers Hill. Although only 17, Harry Sadler enlisted with the Royal Warwickshire Regiment sometime in 1917. From November 1917 onwards, several reports appeared in the Parish Magazine about Harry's war wounds. He was severely wounded by shrapnel in the left thigh and in both feet in about October 1917. One large toe was amputated and it was thought he would lose a foot. He was sent to Netley Hospital and then to Romsey and discharged from the army on 3rd July 1918 because of his wounds. He died just three months later as a result of pneumonia following influenza at Northumberland War Hospital, Gosforth, aged only 18. He is buried in Badsey Churchyard. Local members of the Volunteer Training Corps formed a bearer-party but, in accordance with the wishes of Private Sadler's mother who wanted the funeral to be as quiet as circumstances would allow. There were no volleys and no “Last Post” was played. The choir attended and sang a psalm and hymn in church and another hymn at the graveside and the organist played the Death March. Six months later, the military authorities erected a wooden cross over his grave. Even though he spent most of his life in Willersey, Harry is not recorded there.

1918 was a sad year for the Sadler family: three Sadler brothers each lost a son. Arthur Sadler (son of Arthur), aged 23, died on 22
nd March 1918; Ernest Charles Sadler (son of Charles), aged 19, died on 13th April 1918; and Harry (son of George) died on 17th October 1918. In 1916, Thomas Sadler (son of William), aged 22, died on 30th July at the Battle of the Somme. The three cousins, Arthur, Ernest Charles and Thomas, are commemorated on Willersey War Memorial. Jane Jordan's other son, Frank, also suffered injuries during the Great War. Shortly before his brother's death, he was wounded in the arm and head on 6th October 1918, but was progressing favourably at a hospital in Bristol. Frank continued to live in the Vale of Evesham until his death in 1970. James and Jane Jordan continued to live at 8 Bowers Hill until at least 1931.

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Hannah Elizabeth Smith 1838 - 1901

Lula Condie begins. “My grandmother, Hannah Elizabeth Smith, was born on the 22nd June 1838 in Willersey, a farming village at the foot of the Cotswold Hills. Willersey Parish records show that she was christened on the 28th June 1836. She was the youngest daughter of Samuel Smith and Elizabeth Baldwin Smith and had two older brothers and four older sisters. The Smiths were a poor hardworking people. Some members of the family owned their own land while others worked on the land or in the homes of their landlords. When Hannah was about three years of age her mother died. A few years later her father married Susannah Rolls who was twenty-eight years younger than Samuel and only fifteen years older than Hannah. This stepmother was cruel to Hannah and would not allow her to go to school. She was determined that she was going to learn to read and write. Somehow she obtained some pencils and hid them in her bed. One day while she was out playing her stepmother found them and broke them into pieces.

My grandmother was tall and slender. Her dark hair may have curled if given a chance. Pictures show her hair done in the style of the day, parted in the middle and drawn lightly back on each side of her pleasant but serious face into a neat little bun in back. While Hannah was young she was sent out to service. It is believed she did dressmaking while she worked in a Mrs. Boswell's Shop. We know that her sister Sarah did dressmaking and Hannah was an expert seamstress. Caroline Boswell was a good friend to Hannah. Hannah Smith belonged to the Church of England until she was converted to Mormonism. On the 30th November 1862 she was baptized a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints by Thomas Carter. As far as we know she was the only member of her family to join the Church or come to America.

In 1863, when about twenty-four years of age, she left her father, brothers and sisters in England and sailed for America with Captain Eats Company on the ship Amazon. The voyage took 47 days. They landed at Castle Garden, New York on July 18th 1863. The church Chronology published in 1899, gives this account. “Thursday June 11th 1863. The packet ship Amazon sailed from London, England with 882 or 895 saints aboard under the direction of William Bramwell on July 18th 1863.” This may well be the company Hannah Smith came to America with. “It seems that Grandma always had sewing to do. A friend Martha Houslay, who came to America on the same ship, told how Hannah drew the attention of others on board because she was alone and while sitting on the deck was always doing fine handwork. During the voyage she made a long christening dress of fine eyelet embroidery in which all her children were blessed. All of daughter Annie's children, grandchildren and most of her great-grandchildren have been named and blessed in this dress. According to Mormon Church History, immigrants in 1863 came by rail to Florence, Nebraska where wagon trains were made up for the journey to Utah. Hannah crossed the plains with Captain Horton D. Haight's church train and it is possible she walked much of the way.” Hannah's name does not appear in the Mormon Overland Pioneer database.

The Horton Haight company left Florence, Nebraska August 8-9th 1863 and arrived in Salt Lake Valley October 4th 1863. “Besides being lonely, Hannah was sick with Mountain Fever. Hannah Smith and John London were good friends while they lived in England. John had come to Utah a year earlier, so soon after Hannah arrived she went to live in Echo, Utah, where John was helping to build the railroad. Plans were soon made for them to marry. John did not have a suitable pair of pants for the wedding so Grandma sat up at night and made him a pair, doing all the sewing by hand and by candlelight. On November 8th 1863 at Coalville, Utah, John London, age twenty-three and Hannah Elizabeth Smith, age twenty-five were married. The ceremony was performed by Edwin Wilde. Later on the marriage was solemnized on December 12th 1878 in the Endowment House in Salt Lake City. They lived in Echo after they were married and while John worked on the railroad, Hannah helped to earn a living by doing laundry for the stage drivers. The men would leave the laundry enroute to Salt Lake City and she would have it ready for them to pick up on their return trip East.”

Hannah also took in sewing and made men's suits as well as women's dresses and coats as well as sewing for her own eight children. Lula continues, “Hannah and her husband lived in Echo about four years and while there a son and daughter were born to them. About 1867 they moved to a little settlement on the Lost Creek later known as Croydon. There they had a small farm and home of their own.” My mother tells of the first home she remembers, “the house was built of logs, one room with a dirt roof, a fireplace at one end and a cook stove at the other. The floor of wide pine boards was very pretty and well scrubbed.” The walls were whitewashed and when the rain came the mud and water ran down the walls. Their homemade beds consisted of four posts with ropes laced through the sides and head boards to serve as springs. Their mattress was a good strong tick tilled with straw. It was refilled with clean straw each year after the grain was threshed. Sometime later another log room was built about eight feet from the rest of the house. This room served as a bedroom.

My Mother said when she was a little girl she had a homemade candle to light her way to bed and often the wind would blow her candle out and she had to return to the kitchen for another light. Daughter Alice remembered, “Many times I have helped my mother make candles. We had a small mould and I would thread the wick in and tie it at the bottom. Then mother would pour in the melted mutton tallow.” Besides other cooking that was done on her wood burning stove, she made bread for her family of ten. Washing was done in a wooden tub with the aid of a washboard. Water for all purposes had to be carried in buckets from a neighbourhood spring or some saved in a rain barrel. Milk, butter and other foods were kept in an underground cellar. Milk was set outside in pans and when the cream set it was skimmed. One day the cow got loose and almost fell through the dirt roof of the cellar and dirt fell into the milk and other provisions kept there. Wood was hauled from nearby canyons. They had no matches and when the fire went out, one of the children was sent with a bucket to the neighbours for hot coals to start the fire again. Hannah adorned her home with beautiful knitted lace, patchwork quilts, knitted socks and stockings, scarves and gloves. Her daughter said, “She did not have anyone to teach her to knit but learned how by watching others.”

Because she was such an exceptional seamstress, she was always called upon to make burial clothes for those who died in Croydon. Grandfather made the coffin and grandmother lined it. My Mother told me how she watched her as she puffed the silk abound the sides and made a pillow for the mattress. If it was for a child she would add a bit of lace and ribbon. There were no doctors in Croydon in the early days so when one of the family was ill, Hannah cared for them as best she could and perhaps called the midwife or one of the townspeople who had had experience caring for the sick.

In 1878 when the dread disease diphtheria spread through the town, one year old Mary Louisa contracted it. Kind neighbours came to help but there was no antitoxin to give her and she died. This was the first death in her family. A year later while Hannah was in bed following the birth of her youngest son, another son George was bitten by a rattlesnake. Daughter Alice remembered him coming to the door of his mother's room where she was in bed with her new baby and telling her he had been bitten. They made him a bed on the floor and buried his leg in black mud obtained from a ditch bank. George became very ill. All known remedies were used including whiskey which John got from a friend in Echo, but when the poison reached his abdomen Hannah thought he would surely die. Lula's story continues, “Minutes of the Croydon Ward Relief Society records this, ‘July 7th 1879, all adjourned to the home of Hannah whose son had been bitten by a rattlesnake and wished to be administered to. President Helen Thackeray administered the oil and Mary Hopkin the blessing.’ The prayers of these sisters were answered and her son recovered.

Grandma loved flowers and had a large flower garden beneath her bedroom window and geraniums always bloomed in her kitchen window. One of the ladies who lived in town used to lean over the white picket fence and point out the pansies of her garden that resembled the faces of some of the townspeople. Many of the flowers grew from seeds sent to her by a nephew, Harry Andrews who lived in England. Next to the home the most important building in town was the schoolhouse. It was a log building with a dirt roof. The schoolroom was perhaps eighteen by thirty feet. This was the meeting house and recreation hall as well as schoolroom. Desks and benches were made of split logs. Slates were used to write on. In spite of the fact that Grandma had no formal education she learned to read and write. She could quickly find passages in the Bible for her sons George and Alfred. She attended night school where she joined in the spelling bees and would stand up with the best of them. The social life of the town consisted of spelling bees, quilting bees and rag bees. Square dances were held in the schoolhouse and musicians and friends came from Henefer and other nearby towns.

When the Croydon Ward Relief Society was organized on October 14th 1875 Hannah was appointed secretary and treasurer of the organization and also served as one of the quilt supervisors. She held the office of treasurer until the time of her death. While she was treasurer she had her husband build a wheat bin in their back yard. Hannah was responsible for gathering and storing wheat as was the custom in the relief society. After her death my mother became the second treasurer of the Relief Society of the Croydon Ward. The wheat they stored was sold to the government at the time of World War I. Eliza R. Snow organized the L.D.S. Primary Association on October 28th 1879 and Hannah Elizabeth London was chosen first counsellor to the president Elizabeth Blackwell. Because she lived near the Church Grandma often served Sunday dinner at her home for visiting Church Officials. About ten years after Hannah left England her father died and she never saw any of her brothers and sisters again but she corresponded with members of her family until her death. Grandma longed to see her old home again. Her nephew tried to get a picture of the old home to send to her but she never received one. Hannah was sick all summer before she died at the age of 63 on October 3rd 1901 in the home she had made so many years before. She was survived by her oldest sister Ann, her husband and eight sons and daughters. In the following letter we learn a little bit about her family home in Willersey, England. In a letter dated September 26th 1881, Charles Smith told his sister that he had been to Willersey and found the folks there busy getting in the crops and the harvest was good. He continues, “Sister Sarah had seven or eight children at home and had raised twelve. They are still living in the old cottage where we were reared and where our father lived about fifty-five years. They are all little farmers at Willersey.” He tells how neat and clean his sister Ann keeps her home and children. Her brother goes on to say, “Dear Aunt, I must tell you that the old home is still standing and we have been living in it until Mother's death on December 2nd 1980 for nearly twenty years and the little flower beds are still there beneath the window.”

The information for this next story came from Lula Condie and a great grandchild as well as letters from Hannah's brother Charles Smith in England.
Dear Sister we have had a fortune left us from Sarah Robbins of Willersey. The amount coming to us on our mother s side was £6 which when shared would be one pound each. Can you tell me the best way to send your share? Could you do with it in stamps or can we send a post office order. If you will kindly tell me I will try to send it to you when I know the best way to send. I had a great deal of writing and trouble about the matter, We were determined to know the right of it so we got the will of Late William Robbins of Tredington by whom the money was left in the first place. It was left to Sarah Robbins for her life and at her death it was to be divided amongst the survivors. And our mother being dead her share came to her children and this is the same of which they have all had their share but you and when I know the best way to send you shall have your share so on receipt of this you will please write and say the best way to send and oblige your everloving Brother. And if you can 1 should very much like you to write to your sisters. Mary's address is Mr. Richard Dunsbee Over End Street W.B. Myrias is the same as before and those at Willersey. So I now conclude with best wishes and our kindest love to you all from all and believe me to be your ever loving Brother C. Smith.

February 9th 1887 Dear Brother, I dare say you think rude for a long while before I acknowledge the receipt of the post office order you sent me but I have been very unwell all Christmas. I have not felt inclined to write or anything else much for a month or 5 weeks. I am thankful to say that I am very much better now than I was. I had a touch of bronchitis and very bad cough that is much better now. I am not quite right yet. I will say now that I received the order all right and safe for which I thank you. Also I was pleased to hear that you was all well then and hope this will find you still the same. I am thankful to say that all our families are all pretty well just now. We have had a very sharp winter this time with a great deal of snow and very sharp frosts and lasted on us a long time. This has been rather an old fashioned winter with us to what we have had for some years. It has taken many people off this winter. It has been very hard times with a great many poor people which have not had sufficient food and fire to warm and comfort them. Trade has been very bad and work very scarce so that many had to fare vary hard indeed. We hope there will be a stir in trade. I hope this Jubilee year will be more prosperous. I have doubt in many instances but what it will be very much better in many branches of business. Well I hope that it will be and prove to be a blessing to many who are now suffering for want and that are destitute of the common necessaries of the life may they all be comforted and blest with plenty. And then they will have great cause to remember the Jubilee year of (Queen Victoria)as long as they live.

Dear Brotherr I received a letter from Willersey this morning and am very thankful to say that they are all very much better than they as been for a long time. Sarah and unwell for a long time she has had a very bad turn of bronchitis. Samuel her husband has been very laid up all last summer. He lost nearly all the use of one side so that he has not been able to do anything for a long time not it is not supposed that he will ever be able to work anymore. So we may all know that it has been very bad for them. I have sent them a little at times what I could afford. I sent them a nice piece of beef at Christmas and a few other things for which the was very thankful for and also Sister Ann had a very bad misfortune and broke her arm. I do not know whether you ever heard of it or not. But it was very bad for a long time but it is now vary much better and she can begin to use it a little but it will never be rite again for she is getting on in years now..She will be 66 on March 1st next so she is now going down the hill of life vary fast. The way we are all going. Dear Sister Sarah and Ann wished me very much when I wrote to you again to ask you to send your portrait if you possibly could do so. They would so very much like to have one and I for my part should very much like to have one if it was not too much trouble and expense for you to get them. I think they would be prized by all of us if we could get them but I must leave the matter with you but hopes you will try and get them. I was pleased to hear that you liked the knives and forks I sent. But you said that the children would much rather have had white handles. I think those were very good handles and vary durable ones to but of course if you should send for any more why then you can have them then. A a good set of white handled forks would be more expensive than those were. I leave all with you until I hear from you again - and draw this scribble to a close. And all join in love to you all - from your ever loving Brother and Sister Charles and Eliza Smith West Bromwich February 16th 1892.

Dear Aunt, It is a most painful duty I have to perform to impart to you news of a melancholy nature. I sincerely wish the news was of a more cheering description. (this being my first time of writing you since you left our Cottage many years ago). I am aware my Father has kept up a correspondence with you uphill recently the date of his last letter I do not know. But that you will not receive any more from him I can say unless you hold communication with the spirit world. He has perhaps informed you that he has suffered for many years with bronchitis and asthma, On the 24th he was laid by with an attack of bronchitis. His illness was of a very short duration as he was only lying ill from Monday to Friday. Which you can imagine was very short notice for us. When I say that we had no idea that he would be taken from amongst us so soon. He had certainly been weakening for a long time, but he still continued to follow his employment, being at work on the Saturday previous to taking his bed on the Monday. His attack was very acute he was only partly conscious nearly the whole of his illness. His mind wandering on all kinds of subjects, but he gradually sank weaker and weaker until he ultimately passed peacefully away with out even a struggle. The Funeral took place on Tuesday 2nd at the West Bromwich Cemetery, in the presence of large assembly of our people and friends. Upwards of 100 girls and others attended service in the Cemetery chapel. Finishing the service with singing a hymn, “Safe in the Arms of Jesus.” There was present at the funeral His sister Mary Dunsbee, husband and daughter, two representatives from Willersey, Andrew and Ingles, Uncle Henry Beesley, and cousin Eliza from Smetherick, Sister Mary Ann and husband, Brother Harry and wife, Brother Charley, and myself. He was carried to his last resting place by six of the work people and every thing passed off very satisfactory. It is a very heavy blow for especially my mother to bear, under her afflicted circumstances but I am pleased to say she bears it with fortitude. So I think she is improving very slowly, but not sufficient to move about without her crutches. But I hope she may soon be able to dispose of her sticks. The other members of our family are all at present fairly well. We have just received a letter from Brisbane Australia from brother George. They not knowing then of prior news Father's death, but the letter I have written would cross on the way. They will be surely be cut up when they get the news. I hope things in general over your country are in a prosperous state, and that this will find you all well and enjoying some of the good fruits of this life. I must conclude this with
Love from all to all. Yours Affectionately, Tom Smith (Enclosed is card).

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The Cotterell Family about 1714 and on.

1912 Dormy house picture

Staff at The Dormy House Hotel in Willersey have been curious about the identities of the people who are in the 1912 sepia picture hanging in the brasserie. Research has shown that it is the Cotterell family of farmers who once lived in what is now a four star hotel. Eight members of the Cotterell family are in the photo, along with an unknown dog and two visiting Oxford students.

Frank and Edith Cotterell raised 13 children at the 17th century site, which was originally called Willersey Hill Farm. Other pictures show them relaxing in the garden, setting off on shooting parties and hosting students on holiday from nearby Oxford University. Some of these became famous names one regular visitor was Axel Munthe, the Swedish scientist who worked with Louis Pasteur on a cure for rabies. The farmhouse was bought in the mid-1940s by the nearby Broadway Golf Club, which changed the name to Dormy House. Dormy is the golfing term for unbeatable.

It was sold on again soon after to a hairdresser who developed a modest bed and breakfast business. Two more owners helped establish the venue as a hotel before it was bought by the late J rgen Philip-S rensen in 1977. His family still own the site today. The 1912 picture features Robert, Charles, Helen, James, Mary, Augustine and Anne Cotterell, as well as Edith Upton, known as Granny Cotterell, the two students and the dog.

Edward Cotterell (1672-1714) married Alice Foster (1677-1758) in September 1709 and he died intestate in 1714, leaving Alice with 3, or possibly 4, children under the age of 5. Alice had to make an inventory of all Edward 's goods and render it to the Bishop of Gloucester, who would ensure debts and funeral expenses were all paid and decide what to do with the remainder, presumably giving it back to Alice?

Alice made the inventory of all the goods and chattels of Edward Cotterell yeoman - all in all it amounted to about £500, including £50 in his purse £debts of £250 (I believe these were money owed to him as they were included in the plus side) and lease of land in Willersey fields £50.

All the rest was goods, chattels, pigs, sheep, cows, horses, corn in the barn and hay in the grounds plus farm implements; no mention of the house they were living in, so maybe they rented rather than owned it. If they had lived in Willersey, surely all the children would have been baptised in Willersey church. This might there be a reason why they lived in Willersey but worshipped in Saintbury. I believe they lived in Saintbury; all the children were baptised in Saintbury, but he must have worked someone else£s field(s) in Willersey. I suppose my questions must be, with the two places being so close, would that have been likely/normal.

Hotel general manager David Field was so intrigued that he decided to recreate the image for the 21st century, complete with nine staff, the marketing manager 's dog, Eddie, and head chef Paul Napper 's son Leon. The only changes in 100 years are the modern clothes and the rail on the steps outside the entrance.

2012 Dormy house picture

This 2012 image stars head waiter Michael Wrist, Mr Field, head barman Robert Deacon, Ms Anderson, reception and events manager Katie Nightingale, Mr Napper, head housekeeper Sara Cockram, deputy general manager David Bryan and head of banqueting Gemma Guedes, as well as Leon and Eddie the dog. Sales administration manager Christine Anderson said: It was only when we decided to look like the Cotterells that we found out who they were.
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The Collett Family about 1815 and on.

William Collett was married to Nelly and they had a son James who was born and baptised at Willersey in 1815. It is likely that other children were also born to the couple, in particular another son Robert, who was living with his older married brother James by 1851. William Collett died at Willersey in 1839, with his death recorded at Evesham during the second quarter of 1839. On the day of the census in 1841, his widow Nelly Collett was about 50, when she was living with the large Hopkins family in Willersey, the only member of the household not born in Gloucestershire. After well over three years as a widow, Nelly Collett married Joseph Clark, their wedding recorded at Evesham during the last three months of 1844. That situation was confirmed in the next census conducted in 1851, when Joseph Clark from Bourton-on-the-Water was 73 and his wife Nelly Clark from Bishampton in Worcestershire was 63. Visiting the couple that day, at their home in Chipping Campden, was Nelly's eldest son James Collett, aged 28 and from Willersey, who was described as the son-in-law of Joseph Clark. Following the death of her second husband, Nelly Clark returned to live on the High Street in Willersey, where she was residing in 1861 at the age of 72. The only person living there with her, was her granddaughter Mary Ann Collett from Willersey who was eight years old, the youngest child of her son James.

James Collett was born in 1815 in Willersey and Robert Collett was also born in 1822 in Willersey.
James Collett was born at Willersey around 1815 and was baptised there on 7th August 1815, the son of William and Nelly Collett. It was also at Willersey that James Collett married Mary Ingles on 13th September 1837. Mary was baptised at Willersey on 26th January 1817, the daughter of Richard Ingles and Mary Knight, and it was at Willersey that their children were born and where the family was living in 1841. According to the census that year, James Collett was 25, his wife Mary Collett was 20, and their two sons were Charles Collett who was three and William Collett who was one year old. Visiting the family that day was Mary's future brother-in-law Peter Bandey who just over a year later, married Mary's younger sister Elizabeth Ingles in Birmingham and together, raised their family in Willersey. Sadly, only the older of those two sons survived, with the younger one suffering a childhood death at the age of three years and, following the birth of the couple s third son prior to their loss, it was the couple's fourth son who was given the name of his deceased older brother. By 1850 Mary had given birth to a total of six children, all male, five of whom were recorded in the Willersey census of 1851. On that day, head of the Willersey household James Collett was absent from the family home, because he was visiting Joseph and Nelly Clark, at their home in Chipping Campden, where James Collett from Willersey was 36, married, and an agricultural labourer. James was referred to as the son-in-law of Joseph Clark, his wife being James' re-married mother. The remainder of his family at Willersey was recorded as Mary Collett who was 36 and an agricultural labourer, Charles Collett who was 13, James Collett who was seven, William Collett who was five, Hubert Collett who was three, and Robert Collett who was not yet one year old. On that census day, James' younger brother Robert Collett aged 29, was staying with the family at Willersey. Not long after that day, Mary gave birth to a daughter who, rather curiously, was not listed with the family in the subsequent census returns.

By 1861 only two sons, James and Hubert, were still living with their parents, so the census that year listed the family still living in Willersey on Broadway Road as James Collett who was 45 and an agricultural labourer, his wife Mary Collett who was 44, James Collett who was 18, and Hubert Collett who was 13. All four of them born in Willersey. What is interesting is that their son William Collett, aged 15, was a servant at the Badsey home of the Ingles family of Mary's older brother Richard. During the next few years James moved out of the family home, leaving just Hubert aged 23, the only one living with ag lab James 55, and Mary 54, in the Willersey census of 1871. According to the next census in 1881, it was only James and Mary that were still living on the main village street in Willersey. James Collett, aged 65 and born in the village, was a market gardener, while his wife Mary, who was 64 and also from Willersey, was employed as an agricultural labourer.

Nearly seven years later the death of James Collett of Willersey was recorded at Evesham early in 1888, when he was 72. Mary's loss was confirmed in the Willersey census of 1891, when Mary Collett of Willersey was still living there, but as a widow of 74, who was still described as an agricultural labourer. Staying with Mary was her widowed younger sister Elizabeth Bandey, wife of the late Peter Thomas Bandey from Bedford. By 1901, 84-year-old Mary Collett was living with the family of her married daughter Mary A Taylor at Winchcombe, when she was described as the mother-in-law of Alfred Taylor, both mother and daughter's place of birth being Willersey. Just over two years after that day, Mary Collett, nee Ingles, passed away at the age of 86, her death recorded at Winchcombe register office during the third quarter of 1903.'

James Collett married Elizabeth Warmington had 7 children. William Collett (1879) went to London following his sister Kate (1872) and brother Hubert (1876) who had gone down to Lambeth already to find work. I'm not sure if by the turn of the century, work was becoming more scarce in the area, or whether due to transport and the lure of the city, more left the villages of their forebears than before? But they seemed to be the first to leave the area completely, from my immediate family anyway. He followed in his brother Hubert's footsteps as a journeyman baker, which from the census data, seems to be a common thread, alongside market gardening? He initially resided in Lewisham as a boarder but having family in Lambeth, he met my great grandmother Flora May Swan (1879) there and they married in 1906 and had my grandfather William James (1906) and his sister Ida May (1907) whilst living in Battersea. He remained a baker and ended up having his own grocery and bakery store in Earlsfield just outside of Kingston upon Thames. It's picked up on the wartime 1939 census.

William James (1906) married my grandmother Elsie Irene Dodson from Cobham, Surrey and they lived initially in Epsom, and had my eldest aunt then moved to Guildford, Surrey and had six children in total. He was an engineer prior to WW two and served as a captain in the war. He then retrained as a teacher in the 1950s. He travelled Europe in his Robin rReliant and a tent in the late 60s and early 70s and did a BBC2 radio interview about it. He also featured on Britain's Oldest Drivers on BBC1 and was filmed at the time of his 100th birthday. He continued driving until he was 102 and then gave up his licence. He died in his sleep just a couple months shy of his 104th birthday still living in his bungalow in Stedham, Midhurst, W Sussex.

My father William James was born in 1944 and the names continued to my first brother David James (1972) and to my youngest brother James Mark (1979) after he married my mother Kathleen Brenda Triggs in 1966. They were both born in Guildford, Surrey and settled in a village between Guildford and Godalming. I moved to London with my son last year and been enjoying retracing my great grandfather's footsteps here. I wasn't researching my family ancestry when I had my son so perhaps I'd have continued on the names as he has my surname, though I think by my generation (I was born 1969) we didn't understand the importance that our ancestors had put on naming their sons to carry down those family names.

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The Rimell Family 1843

In the early hours of Wednesday 29th November 1843, seven people lost their lives in a house fire. It is almost certain that this appalling loss of life, in a single fire, has not been equalled in the area since. Living in the house at the time were farmer Thomas Rimell, his wife and his eight children. Also staying there was Elizabeth Jelfs of nearby Weston sub Edge, who was employed as a charwoman. They went to bed at about 10:30 on Tuesday night, but were woken up at two o'clock to find the house on fire. Mr Rimell tried to get down the stairs but was forced back by flames. Finding his wife at a window he pushed her to where he thought she would be safe, and told her to wait while he fetched a ladder. He jumped out of the window to the ground; a height of about twelve feet. But before he could return to effect a rescue, his wife was overcome either by smoke or by flames. The children had been sleeping in another part of the house. Richard, aged ten, jumped to the ground, found a ladder, and put it up to the window where two of his brothers were trying to rescue a box containing their Sunday clothes. They also escaped through the window. The fire spread with such speed and ferocity that the other five children, David, Anne, Mary, Sarah and Betsy, along with their mother, were lost. Elizabeth Jelfs, the family's employee, also died, despite being the one, it was said, who had first raised the alarm. The house was totally destroyed before the arrival of fire brigades from Campden and Evesham.

A Coroner's inquest was held at The New Inn two days later, where a verdict was returned of ‘Accidental death from burning, in consequence of a beam taking fire in the chimney’. The chimney of the house had been on fire on Tuesday, the day before the tragedy. At about 7pm Phillip Cooke, a miller and neighbour, had informed Thomas Rimell that sparks and flames were still issuing from the chimney. But, he claimed, Mr Rimell disregarded his advice. The fire was so intense that it was not possible to identify the victims. Three days after the fire their remains were buried in a single coffin in Willersey churchyard, where the gravestone still stands. A fund was set up to help Thomas Rimell, who had lost almost everything. His house was insured, but not his furniture and stock. Elizabeth Jelfs, a widow, left six orphaned girls, four of whom were still living at the family home in Weston sub Edge, and who had lost their mother, and their only source of income. Author's note: When I heard about this incident in about 1997 I found the gravestone in the churchyard at Willersey. The inscription was still perfectly legible although the surface of the stone was starting to flake off. It is fortunate that I photographed and recorded the inscription as, on a subsequent visit in 2005, I found the stone to be completely bare. Presumably, frost had completely removed the surface. The inscription was as follows:-

NOV 29th 1843 AGED 42 YEARS.

It is not clear why Anne's name is not inscribed on the stone as according to the parish record, she was buried on the same day. A possible explanation is that, unlike the others, her body was able to be identified so was buried in a separate grave with its own headstone.

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Richard Flavel, 1610? 1670?

Richard Flavel was the father of the famous author John Flavel and his brother Phineas, also a Gospel Minister. Described as “a painful and eminent minister” he first ministered at Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, then at Hasler in Gloucestershire before moving to Willersey, where he continued until 1660.
John Flavel was born to Richard and his wife in 1630 at Bromsgrove. At the Restoration he was put out of the church because it was a sequestered living, and the previous incumbent was still alive. When to 1662 Act of Uniformity was announced, Flavel refused to conform to the Anglican Settlement of the Church of England and together with 2000 dissenting ministers of the Church of England was ejected from his parish and living.

His main concern was to find a pace of ministry. He is described as “a person of such extraordinary piety” that those who knew him said “they never heard one vain word drop from his mouth.”

A little before 1662 and being near Totness, Devon, he preached from Hosea 7:9 The Days of Visitation arc come, the Days of Recompence are come, Israel shall know it. His application was so close that it offended some and occasioned his being carried before some Justices of the Peace but they could not reach him and so he was discharged

. He afterwards left the county and his son's house, where he had retired and went to London, where he continued in a faithful and acceptable discharge of his ministerial duties until the time of the plague in 1665 when he was arrested and imprisoned. He was at the house of a Mr Blake in Covent Garden, where some were gathered for worship. While he was in prayer, a party of soldiers broke in on them with swords drawn, and demanded the arrest of the preacher, threatening some and flattering others in order to discover him, but in vain.

Some of them threw a coloured cloak over him, and in this disguise he was, together with his hearers, carried to Whitehall. They were all sent to Newgate prison, which was so disease ridden that Richard Flavel and his wife became seriously ill. Although they were bailed shortly after they subsequently died. It is said that their son John was given an intimation of their death in a dream.

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Abbot John de Brokehampton, 1282 1316

Abbot John de Brokehampton, 1282 1316 monk of Evesham, who was confirmed at Rome by Pope Martin IV. Evesham Monastery during his presidency seems to have been free from incumbrance: and the increase of its revenue must have been great; judging from the extensive acquisitions made by purchase or donation in his time. To enumerate a portion only, the manors and advowsons of Saintbury and Willersey were acquired by him, as also the fee of Aston Somerville, windmills at Poderi in Honeybourne and at Willersey. Eight granges were also entirely built by him upon as many manors belonging to the abbey. These were originally spacious tithe barns or granaries, but at a later period residences were attached to them, with hall, chapel, stabling and appurtenances. They were fit for the temporary retirement of the abbots. After the Dissolution of the Monasteries several of these became family seats for the new owners of abbey-property in the neighbourhood.

A tithe barn was a type of barn used in much of northern Europe in the middle ages for storing rents and tithes - one tenth of a farm's produce which was given to the Church. Tithe barns were usually associated with the village church or rectory and independent farmers took their tithes there. One of the finest tithe barns in the country, Middle Littleton is a Grade I listed barn dating around 1250. It was built for the monks of Evesham Abbey which was the third largest abbey in England. The barn was granted Grade I listed status on 30th July 1959.

The Tithe Barn was built by John de Brokehampton to store hay and cereals. The Abbey extracted the ‘tithe’ on both crops and livestock to provide an income from the Littletons to finance the hostilarius for the accommodation of guests at Evesham Abbey. The barn is constructed of Blue Lias stone with Cotswold stone dressing. It has a triple purlin roof which is tiled in stone. It is 130 feet long and 42 feet wide and originally had a pair of gabled porches on each of the long sides but sadly now only the south porch survives. It is truly a magnificent building, an imposing reminder of the power of Medieval abbeys.

At Evesham John de Brokehampton built the abbot's hall, chapel, and chamber, as well as other chambers, and a range of stabling westward of the monastery. The church at Norton was rebuilt by him, as well as the chancels at Honeybourne, Willersey, and Hampton. During this abbacy the convent appears to have sustained some undue exaction ; for in the twenty-fifth year of Edward I. letters patent addressed to the bailiffs, were issued specially to protect the possessions of this monastery, and to continue in force till the feast of All-saints following. During the same abbacy the estates of the monastery are assessed in the service of nearly five knights' fees, to be performed by nine armed deputies, mounted on " nine barbed horses ;" while the lands of the bishoprick are assessed at only three knights' fees, to be performed by six deputies armed and mounted. From this period the convent acquired the privilege of retaining its temporalities during vacancies in the abbacy. This was affected by purchase from Edward II. at a cost of £200, and upon condition of future payments of £160 to the crown at each successive vacancy. Abbot Brokehampton, after a prosperous abbacy of thirty-four years, which he seems chiefly to have passed in enriching his monastery, died on the 15th of September, 1316.

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Nebula Picture

As Thou art so was I. As I am so shalt Thou be.

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