Bell Ringing at St Peter's Church,
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Bell Ringing at St Peter's Church,
St Peter's has a famous peal of six bells which are rung regularly.As well as being rung on Sunday service days, bell ringing practice is on Thursdays each week from 7:30 to 9:00pm. Once a year on St Thomas' Day, 21st December, tradition is that the bells are rung in Willersey, and indeed in the North of the Cotswolds, for about 45 minutes from about 6:00am in the morning. They are rung for Christmas Day services and to ring in the New Year. As there is a midnight mass on Christmas Eve the bells are rung at about 11:00pm that day. The bells may also be rung from time to time by visiting bands of ringers, and also on special occasions. Three weddings were planned in April 2015 and we have marked the 80th birthday of a longstanding ringer. We also took up the challenge of ringing a full peal which lasted for three hours on Saturday 23rd May 2015 beginning at midday. In Willersey, the regular sound of church bells continues to be a traditional feature of village life. Originally there were three large bells but in 1712 they were melted down by Abraham Rudhall and recast into the six beautiful bells we have today. An inscription on the tenor bell reads ‘ring for peace merily’ to celebrate the signing of the Peace of Utrecht.
Church bells are the biggest and loudest musical instruments in the world. Their sound can be heard miles away from their towers. Bells are rung to call people to church, to celebrate happy occasions and commemorate important events. They are also rung simply for the enjoyment of hearing their sound. Most church towers have bells. A set of bells is called a ring or a peal. Village churches may have a small ring of bells, comprising five or six bells as in Willersey. Larger churches and cathedrals usually have a larger ring.
Robert Chadburn is the Tower Captain. Bob Topp and Chris Gooding are the Steeple Keepers.
It has been said that there are three typically British activities - Morris Dancing, Playing Cricket and Church Bell Ringing.
You may have seen in a recent edition of the Church and Village News that as part of a national campaign we are ‘recruiting’ for bell ringers now.
Why not come and try your hand or have another go at this taster session on
Bank Holiday Monday - 7th May between 2.00 & 3.00pm?
This November 2018 marks 100 years since the end of the First World War where 1400 bell ringers lost their lives. On Armistice Sunday bells across the country will ring out to remember this special occasion, and new ringers will be able to join in this memorable national event.
Willersey, which has six bells, has ten regular ringers to call upon to maintain this valued tradition; although interestingly only two who currently ring were Willersey ringers five years ago. Eight of the current band have all learnt their ringing in that time, helping to maintain ringing in our village. So continuing to grow our band of ringers is important, allowing us to bring something distinctive to the village, and all of us still have time for family commitments, holidays, other interests etc. Willersey bells can be heard clearly in nearby Broadway.
Many people came along on a Bank Holiday Monday and met the ringers - Robert, Helen, Pete, Beccie, Chris, Anita, Mark, Margaret, Ken and Bob to see if it's something they'd like to do. Just ‘having a go’ at least means you join a select group of locals to have rung a Willersey bell. You can contact Bob on 01386 858635.
Muffles are leather pads fitted to a bell's clapper to reduce the volume. They attenuate the bell's strike note whilst retaining the hum. By only muffling the clapper on one side you get an echo effect as blows are alternately loud and soft. Bells fitted with muffles in this way are said to be half-muffled.
Bells are usually muffled on the backstroke as the handstroke gap emphasises the echo effect. Traditionally muffles have leather straps, and these must be buckled very tightly to avoid the very annoying sound if one slips round while ringing. For safety reasons, muffles should always be fitted and removed with the bells down. To muffle the backstroke, put the muffle on the side of the clapper that is furthest away from the pulley. To muffle the handstroke, put the muffle on the side of the clapper that is nearest to the pulley.
Bells are often rung half-muffled at funerals, in memorial of someone and on Remembrance Sunday as it gives a mournful effect, especially on heavy mellow bells. Bells are only rung fully-muffled (with the backstroke of the tenor left open) for the death of the Sovereign, the incumbent Vicar (Parish Priest), or the Bishop of the dioceses.
BELL RINGING AND BEER
Now let's be clear from the off that there is no compulsion to consume beer to be a bell ringer. Although a little modest refreshment for some of the ringers after a Thursday practice night is not uncommon.
However, now I have got your attention, you might be interested to know that in the early years of bell ringing it was something of a macho sport for young men who would imbibe quite heavily before ringing and then ‘topple’ into the church service. If you look carefully at lots of churches - including St Peter's -you can see where the entrance from the ringing chamber into the church has been bricked up to keep the rowdy ringers out of the service. Nowadays ringers are far more well behaved.
Before the turn of the 18th century St Peter's had only three bells, but in 1712 three more were added to give the six that we have today. The smallest bell weighs 4cwt, with the tenor being the largest bell at just over 11cwt - the approximate weight of an original mini.
But ringing does not require huge strength - it's about controlling the bell you are ringing with technique. Being able to count is all the maths needed and you can become a very good ringer knowing nothing about music. A few weeks of tuition enables new ringers to join in with the band on a Sunday morning and become part of a three hundred year old village tradition. Pete Kavanagh, Beccie Williams - our latest ringing recruit, or Bob Topp would be happy to chat further - with or without a beer.
Ringing Remembers Recruitment
Armistice Day this coming November 2018 will help commemorate 100 years since the end of the First World war in 1918, and church bells will ring out in unison across the land on Sunday 11th November. 1400 bell ringers lost their lives during the conflict and it is intended that the same number will be recruited nationally this year under the heading of 'Ringing Remembers'
Willersey, which has six bells, has nine regular ringers to call upon to maintain this tradition; although interestingly only two of these who currently ring were Willersey ringers five years ago. Seven of the current band have all learnt their ringing in that time, helping to maintain ringing in our village. So continuing to grow our band of ringers is important.
Willersey ringers would like to contribute to this campaign and will be offering opportunities for those who might be interested in learning a new skill and taking part in this year's special Armistice Day ringing.
Bell ringing does not require huge strength - it's about controlling the bell with technique. Being able to count is all the maths you need and you can become a ringer knowing nothing about music. A few weeks tuition enables new ringers to join in with the band and become part of our village's 300 year old tradition.
Pete Kavanagh, Ken Spensley, Beccie Williams - our most recent new ringer - or Bob Topp would be happy to chat further. Look out for further news of the planned taster sessions. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
An Invitation from the Bell Ringers
Last year over thirty locals came to our first ‘Open Tower’ event, to see what the ringing chamber looks like and what happens when the bells are rung for a wedding or on a Sunday. Many who came have lived in Willersey for many years and not had an opportunity to see the bells for themselves, and lots who visited tried their hand at ringing too. So, if you're new to the village, missed out last year or fancy another go we invite you to join us on Saturday July 22nd between 5.00-7.00 pm.
This is not a recruitment drive, although we are always keen to welcome new ringers, but more of an opportunity to demystify what bell ringing is and how it's been done in Willersey for over 300 hundred years.
The circular staircase to the ringing chamber is a little steep, so you might need to be steady on your ‘pins’, but you can be sure of a warm welcome and a chance to ‘have a go’ if the fancy takes you.
Please talk to Bob Topp, Chris Gooding or Pete Kavanagh for more information. We look forward to welcoming you.
There are over 5,000 bell towers for change ringing in England, with less than 300 in the rest of the world.
Despite coming in many shapes, sizes and materials, most bell towers have a familiar layout. At the top are the bells, spreading the sound out to the community, below which is usually a clock room. The bell ringers usually stand on the ground floor, or first floor if there is a lobby below. At the top of the tower, the bells are hung in a wooden or metal frame with each bell fixed to the axle of a large wooden wheel that pivots in ball bearings on the frame. A rope is tied to the wheel spokes, runs partly round the rim and falls through holes and pulleys to the ringing chamber below. When not ringing, the bell is parked with its mouth upwards. Pulling the rope attached to the wheel rotates the bell firstly in one direction and then in the other.
The main parts of the mechanism of a bell hung for change ringing are:-
Saintbury Church is visible from St Peter's Churchyard.
Saintbury Church has a peal of eight bells which are occasionally rung.
Willersey, St Peter, 6 bells, Tenor 12 cwt, Grid Ref:SP107397
These weights below are in imperial measures - hundredweight (cwt), quarter(qr) and pound (lb). These are the only complete maiden (untuned) ring by Abraham Rudhall I in the county. The metal frame and the modern style fittings are by Mears & Stainbank of London, and date from 1936. The bells were not tuned or weighed at this time. They go well and sound nice. The ringing chamber entrance is outside in the south east corner of the tower up some (slippy) outside steps.
Saintbury, St Nicholas, 8 bells, Tenor 11-0-24, Grid Ref:SP117394
These bells were unringable for many years, and were rehung in 1983 by the Whitechapel foundry. They are now a very nice ring, and are pleasant to listen to. There is no parking near the church, but it is possible to leave cars in the lane, and walk up the path towards the church by the side of the private drive. The ground floor ringing chamber is reached through the church. The third bell bears a Latin inscription, which is rare for a Rudhall bell. The ring was augmented in 1999 to 8 bells, and dedicated on 31st October 1999.
Change ringing is the art of ringing a set of tuned bells in a controlled manner to produce variations in their striking sequences. This may be by method ringing in which the ringers commit to memory the rules for generating each change, or by call changes, where the ringers are instructed how to generate each new change by calls from a conductor. This creates a form of bell music which is continually changing, but which cannot be discerned as a conventional melody.
Change ringing originated following the invention of English full-circle tower bell ringing in the early 17th century, when bell ringers found that swinging a bell through a much larger arc than that required for swing-chiming gave control over the time between successive strikes of the clapper. This culminated in the technique of ringing bells through a full circle, which enabled ringers to accurately ring continually changing mathematical permutations, known as “changes”.
Speed control of a tower bell is exerted by the ringer only when each bell is mouth upwards and moving slowly near the balance point. Each bell has its own ringer. The considerable weights of full-circle tower bells also means they cannot be easily stopped or started, and the change of speed between successive strikes is limited. This in turn places basic limitations on the rules for generating easily-rung changes; each bell must strike once in each sequence, but its order of striking in successive changes can only change by one place.
Change ringing is practised worldwide, but it is by far most common on church bells in English churches, where it first developed.
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